Correlation Between Bitterness Removal And Functional Properties Of Papaya (Carica Papaya L.) Leaves


  • Natania Kam Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Jacinta Fanya Setiadi Universitas Pelita Harapan
  • Hardoko Hardoko Universitas Brawijaya
  • Dela Rosa Universitas Pelita Harapan



Adsorbent, Bitterness Removal, Antioxidant Activity, Antidiabetic Activity


The mature papaya leaves are known for its medicinal properties albeit its distinctive bitter taste. In this research 3 different adsorbents; bentonite, activated attapulgite and diatomaceous earth were used to reduce the bitterness of the papaya leaves. The adsorbent treated papaya leaves were then analysed for its sensory evaluation in terms of bitterness intensity and phytochemical compounds which include phenolic, flavonoid, tannin and alkaloid compounds and also antioxidant activity. Papaya leaves treated with bentonite had the most reduced bitterness and application of heat treatment further enhance the efficacy of bitterness removal. However the removal of the bitterness also slightly affected the phytochemical compounds and their functional properties. The leaves treated with bentonite by method of boiling was found to be the most effective method in reducing bitterness, with bitterness intensity score of 0.3 out of the original 11.2, while retaining its phytochemical compound; total phenolic content of 10.699 mg GAE/g extract, total flavonoid content of 1.468 mg QE/g extract, total tannin content of 9.423 mg TAE/g extract, total alkaloid content of 1.363% while retained most of its Antioxidant IC50 of 1001.058 ppm and Antidiabetic properties of  642.231 ppm                         


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Author Biographies

Jacinta Fanya Setiadi, Universitas Pelita Harapan

 Food Technology Department, Universitas Pelita Harapan

Hardoko Hardoko, Universitas Brawijaya

Jurusan Teknologi Hasil Perikanan, Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Brawijaya

Dela Rosa, Universitas Pelita Harapan

Department of pharmacy, Faculty of health sciences, Universitas Pelita Harapan


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How to Cite

Kam, N., Setiadi, J. F., Hardoko, H., & Rosa, D. (2022). Correlation Between Bitterness Removal And Functional Properties Of Papaya (Carica Papaya L.) Leaves. Indonesian Food Science and Technology Journal, 5(2), 71 - 75.