A Model for Evaluation of Rural Schools in Developing Countries


  • PEDRO SÁNCHEZ-ESCOBEDO the University of Yucatan, Mexico
  • LIZ HOLLINGWORTH the University of Iowa, USA




Rural schools in developing countries present a unique opportunity to understand the factors required to create a successful learning environment for students with a specific set of challenges. This paper proposes a developmental model for evaluating rural schools, constructed with data derived from evaluation and research projects carried out in Yucatan, Mexico.  In short, the model assumes that rural schools should provide a comprehensive set of services and support for a socially vulnerable population.  Thus, this is a developmental model of evaluation that considers the school as a holistic unit, including the quality and length of educational services, the social supports, the school infrastructure, and the availability of comprehensive services before evaluating learning and curriculum.  Sustainability, a key element in the model, is examined through school infrastructure, constancy and overall provision of services, and the degree of students’ readiness to learn and opportunities offered. The model can place a school along a specific point along a continuum of a developmental process, providing clear directions and specific goals for school leaders to use to grow and advance the rural school toward a fully comprehensive center of learning and social change.


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Author Biographies

PEDRO SÁNCHEZ-ESCOBEDO, the University of Yucatan, Mexico

PEDRO SÁNCHEZ-ESCOBEDO is a former Fulbright scholar. Currently he is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Yucatan, in the College of Education. He has contributed significantly to both educational and psychological fields in Mexico. He was in charge of the standardization processes of the three major intelligence scales widely used in Mexico in both clinical and educational settings and he has published so far 7 books an more than 100 original research articles.

LIZ HOLLINGWORTH, the University of Iowa, USA

LIZ HOLLINGWORTH is the director for Evaluation at The Lindquist Center. She is a Full professor at the College of Education, the University of Iowa.



2017-12-27 — Updated on 2017-12-27


How to Cite

SÁNCHEZ-ESCOBEDO, P., & HOLLINGWORTH, L. (2017). A Model for Evaluation of Rural Schools in Developing Countries. | IRJE |Indonesian Research Journal in Education|, 1(1), 18-28. https://doi.org/10.22437/irje.v1i1.4334