Kemampuan Awal Penalaran Ilmiah Peserta Didik SMA berdasarkan Gender Pada Materi Ekosistem

(Early Scientific Reasoning Ability of High School Students based on Gender In Ecosystem Materials)

Authors

  • Sherina Mandella Universitas Muhammadiyah Sukabumi
  • Suhendar Universitas Muhammadiyah Sukabumi
  • Setiono Universitas Muhammadiyah Sukabumi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22437/bio.v7i2.12795

Abstract

Scientific reasoning is a factor that has an influence on students' learning pretations.  Scientific reasoning or scientific resorning is one of the skills that must be taught by an educator as an effort in preparing students to be able to compete in the face of the era of globalization. The purpose of this study is to find out the initial ability of the level of scientific reasoning of students in one of the State High Schools sukabumi district on ecosystem materials, which was carried out on Sunday 4 march 2021. This study uses quantitative descriptive methods. The samples were taken using purposive sampling techniques that numbered 60 students. This research instrument is a matter of scientific reasoning developed by Lawson namely LCTSR (Lawson Classroom Test of Scientific Reasorning). The questions used amount to 24 reasoned multiple choice questions with 6 indicators of scientific reasoning, namely probalistic reasoning, conservation reasoning, proposional reasoning, variable control and hypothetical-deductive reasoning. From the results of the study showed that gender does not affect the ability of reasoning illmiah a person. The average score showed the level of reasoning among male and female learners was 19% with less category. The highest level of scientific reasoning of male learners was on the correlational reasoning indicator with a percentage of 36% while in female students the most important level of scientific reasoning was at 31% elevation reasoning.  The lack of scientific reasoning of learners is due to inappropriate learning, the need for learning with suitable models or methods to train scientific reasoning skills.

Abstrak. Penalaran ilmiah merupakan faktor yang memiliki pengaruh terhadap pretasi belajar siswa.  penalaran ilmiah menjadi salah satu keterampilan yang harus di ajarkan oleh seorang pendidik sebagai upaya dalam mempersiapkan peserta didik agar mampu  bersaing dalam menghadapi era globalisasi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui kemampuan awal tingkat penalaran ilmiah siswa di salah satu Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri kabupaten Sukabumi pada materi ekosistem. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriftif kuantitatif. Sampel yang diambil dipilih secara acak  yang berjumlah 60 peserta didik. Instrumen penelitian ini yaitu soal penalaran ilmiah yang dikembangkan oleh Lawson yaitu LCTSR (Lawson Classroom Test of Scientific Reasorning). Soal yang digunakan berjumlah 24 soal pilihan ganda beralasan dengan 6 indikator penalaran ilmiah yaitu penalaran probalistik, penalaran konservasi, penalaran proposional, pengontrol variabel dan penalaran hipotesis-deduktif. Dari hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa gender tidak mempengaruhi kemampuan penalaran illmiah seseorang. Skor rata rata menunjukan tingkat penalaran ilmah peserta didik laki-laki dan perempuan yaitu 19% dengan kategori kurang. Skor tertinggi tingkat penalaran ilmiah peserta didik laki-laki ada pada indikator penalaran korelasional dengan jumlah persentase sebesar 36% sedangkan pada siswa perempuan tingkat penalaran ilmiah yang paling tinggai ada pada penalaran konsevasi sebesar 31%. Rendahnya penalaran ilmiah peserta didik disebabkan karena pembelajaran yang belum sesuai, perlunya pembelajaran dengan model atau metode yang yang cocok untuk melatih kemampuan penalaran ilmiah. 

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References

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Kant, J. M., Scheiter, K., & Oschatz, K. (2017). How to sequence video modeling examples and inquiry tasks to foster scientific reasoning. Learning and Instruction, 52, 46–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.04.005

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Piraksa, C., Srisawasdi, N., & Koul, R. (2014). Effect of Gender on Student’s Scientific Reasoning Ability: A Case Study in Thailand. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 486–491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.245

Puspita, D. I., & Reasoning, K. S. (2016). Analisis Tingkat Kemampuan Scientific Reasoning Siswa Sma Kelas X Ipa se Kota Tegal. 2002, 198–205.

Saad, M. I. M., Baharom, S., & Mokhsein, S. E. (2017). Scientific reasoning skills based on socio-scientific issues in the biology subject. International Journal of ADVANCED AND APPLIED SCIENCES, 4(3), 13–18. https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2017.03.003

Sari, L. I., Zulhelmi, & Azizahwati. (2019). An Analysis Scientific Reasoning Ability of Class X Student Sma Negeri at Tampan District Pekanbaru in Subject Work and Energy. Jom Fkip, 6(2), 1–14.

Shofiyah, N., Supardi, Z. A. I., & Jatmiko, B. (2013). Mengembangkan penalaran ilmiah (Scientific reasoning) siswa melalui model pembelajran 5E pada siswa kelas X sman 15 surabaya. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 2(1), 83–87. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v2i1.2514

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Siregar, L., Sari, N.F., Harahap, R.D., Chastanti, I. (2019). Jurnal Pelita Pendidikan. Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosional Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Materi Pencemaran Lingkungan, 7(2), 080–086.

Tajudin, M. (2016). GEOGRAFIA Online TM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 12 issue 1 ( 96 achievement among Malaysian stud ... Relationship between scientific reasoning skills and mathematics achievement among Malaysian students. 1(1).

Acar, Ö., Büber, A., & Tola, Z. (2015). The Effect of Gender and Socio-economic Status of Students on Their Physics Conceptual Knowledge, Scientific Reasoning, and Nature of Science Understanding. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 2753–2756. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.962

Dorfner, T., Förtsch, C., Germ, M., & Neuhaus, B. J. (2018). Biology instruction using a generic framework of scientific reasoning and argumentation. Teaching and Teacher Education, 75, 232–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2018.07.003

Erlina, N., & Surabaya, U. N. (2017). Prosiding Seminar Nasional Tahun 2016 “ Mengubah Karya Akademik Menjadi Karya Bernilai Ekonomi Tinggi .” February.

Fawaiz, S., Handayanto, S. K., & Wahyudi, H. S. (2020). Eksplorasi Keterampilan Penalaran Ilmiah Berdasarkan Jenis Kelamin Siswa SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan - Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan, 5(7), 934–943. https://doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v5i7.13721

Hejnová, E., Eisenmann, P., Cihlář, J., & Přibyl, J. (2018). Relations between Scientific Reasoning and Culture of Problem Solving. Journal on Efficiency and Responsibility in Education and Science, 11(2), 38–44. https://doi.org/10.7160/eriesj.2018.110203

Jing, H. (2013). No Title. Scientific Reasoning: Research, Development,and Assesment.

Kant, J. M., Scheiter, K., & Oschatz, K. (2017). How to sequence video modeling examples and inquiry tasks to foster scientific reasoning. Learning and Instruction, 52, 46–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.04.005

Lawson, A. E. (2004). The nature and development of scientific reasoning: a synthetic view. 307–338.

Manurung, D. S. R. (2003). Identifikasi Kemampuan Berpikir Logik Tentang Kon- servasi Besaran Bagi Siswa SD. Mimbar Pendidikan, 22(2), 19–25.

Piraksa, C., Srisawasdi, N., & Koul, R. (2014). Effect of Gender on Student’s Scientific Reasoning Ability: A Case Study in Thailand. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 486–491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.245

Puspita, D. I., & Reasoning, K. S. (2016). Analisis Tingkat Kemampuan Scientific Reasoning Siswa Sma Kelas X Ipa se Kota Tegal. 2002, 198–205.

Saad, M. I. M., Baharom, S., & Mokhsein, S. E. (2017). Scientific reasoning skills based on socio-scientific issues in the biology subject. International Journal of ADVANCED AND APPLIED SCIENCES, 4(3), 13–18. https://doi.org/10.21833/ijaas.2017.03.003

Sari, L. I., Zulhelmi, & Azizahwati. (2019). An Analysis Scientific Reasoning Ability of Class X Student Sma Negeri at Tampan District Pekanbaru in Subject Work and Energy. Jom Fkip, 6(2), 1–14.

Shofiyah, N., Supardi, Z. A. I., & Jatmiko, B. (2013). Mengembangkan penalaran ilmiah (Scientific reasoning) siswa melalui model pembelajran 5E pada siswa kelas X sman 15 surabaya. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 2(1), 83–87. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v2i1.2514

Simpulan, A. (2017). Desy Agustina, 2017 PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS STEM (SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SCIENTIFIC REASONING SISWA SMP PADA HUKUM PASCAL Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia | Respository.upi.edu | Perpustakaan.upi.edu.

Siregar, L., Sari, N.F., Harahap, R.D., Chastanti, I. (2019). Jurnal Pelita Pendidikan. Hubungan Kecerdasan Emosional Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Materi Pencemaran Lingkungan, 7(2), 080–086.

Tajudin, M. (2016). GEOGRAFIA Online TM Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 12 issue 1 ( 96 achievement among Malaysian stud ... Relationship between scientific reasoning skills and mathematics achievement among Malaysian students. 1(1).

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Published

2021-06-03 — Updated on 2020-06-02

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How to Cite

Mandella, S., Suhendar, & Setiono. (2020). Kemampuan Awal Penalaran Ilmiah Peserta Didik SMA berdasarkan Gender Pada Materi Ekosistem: (Early Scientific Reasoning Ability of High School Students based on Gender In Ecosystem Materials) . BIODIK, 7(2), 110-116. https://doi.org/10.22437/bio.v7i2.12795 (Original work published June 3, 2021)

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