All material published on PAMPAS: Journal of Criminal Law are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License). The Authors(s) retain copyrights of the Article published on PAMPAS: Journal of Criminal Law. However, before publishing, it is required to obtain written confirmation from Author(s) in order to ensure the originality (Author Statement of Originality). The statement is to be signed by at least one of the authors who have obtained the assent of the co-author(s) where applicable.