Penerapan Prinsip Self Determination terhadap Pembentukan Negara Kosovo Ditinjau dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional

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Yogi Dwi Saputra
Ramlan Ramlan


The state is a continuation of the human desire to interact with each other to complete all the necessities of life. The wider the interpersonal relationship, the greater the need, the greater the need for a state that protects and sustains his life. On February 17, 2008, the Kosovo parliament proclaimed Kosovo an independent state, leaving Serbia at a parliamentary session attended by 109 members. Previously Kosovo was a province under Serbian rule with an ethnic Albanian majority. The purpose of this research is to find out how international law is regulated regarding the formation of a state using the right to self-determination and what is the importance of recognition in the formation of a country. The research method used is a normative juridical research type. The results showed that the right to self-determination has been recognized as a human right in international law. With this right, every country can determine its political status and freely pursue economic, social and cultural development. However, in international law, self-determination is a type of independence that aims to free oneself from colonialism and foreign powers / powers. Regarding the issue of recognition, it is difficult to separate clearly between political and legal elements because the process of granting and refusing recognition by the state is usually influenced by political factors, while the result is legal binding. The definition or elements of the state is contained in the Montevideo Convention 1933, where recognition is a declarative element and if all constitutive elements have been fulfilled by the political community, then automatically it has become a State and must be treated as such by other States.


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Dwi Saputra, Y., & Ramlan, R. (2020). Penerapan Prinsip Self Determination terhadap Pembentukan Negara Kosovo Ditinjau dari Perspektif Hukum Internasional. Uti Possidetis: Journal of International Law, 1(2), 193-223.


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