Empowerment of rural community through the development of renewable electricity


  • Dessy Rachmawatie Study Program of Economics Science. Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Ernan Rustiadi Department of Regional Planning, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Indonesia
  • Akhmad Fauzi Department of Resource Economics and Environmental, Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University, Indonesia
  • Bambang Juanda Department of Economics Science, Faculty of Economics and Management, IPB University, Indonesia




Electricity beneficiaries, Empowerment, Rural community development


The purpose of this study is to analyze the empowerment of electricity beneficiaries through community empowerment activities following the use of wind and solar renewable energy (PLTH) in Pantai Baru. To achieve these objectives, the data collection in this study was carried out using a structured research questionnaire to 68 PLTH electricity beneficiaries in Pantai Baru, where they are also managers of tourism business in Pantai Baru.This study uses a frequency distribution analysis method to identify: (1) the profile of renewable electricity beneficiaries and (2) determine the extent of empowerment renewable energy electricity beneficiaries in Pantai Baru. The results showed that the characteristics of the beneficiaries were generally of a mature age, had a clear direction of life and goals, and had and adequate level of education. Furthermore, in terms of the empowerment indicators used in this study, they are rated as high. Thus, this study indicates that the community empowerment activities through the development of renewable energy have an impact to the empowerment of PLTH electricity beneficiaries in Pantai Baru.


Download data is not yet available.


Badruzzaman, Y. (2013). Energy roadmap in the Special Province of Yogyakarta. Journal of Applied Electrical Engineering (JTET), 2(1), 18-30.

Berg, B.L. (2001). Qualitative Research Methodes for The Social Sciences. New York (US): A Pearson Education Company.

Bernal, AJL., & Dufo. LR. (2009). Simulation and optimization of stand-alone hybrid renewable energy systems. Renewable sustainable energy reviews, 13(8), 2111-2118.

Blanchard, P.N., & Thacker, JW. (2010). Effective training: systems, strategies, and practices . New Jersey: Pearson Education.

Blanco, M.I., & Rodrigues, G. (2009). Direct employment in the wind energy sector: an EU study. Energy Policy, 37(8), 2847- 2857. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.02. 049 .

Bryman, A. (2004). Social Research Methods (second edition). New York (US): Oxford University Press. Inc.

CAREPI. (2009). Contributing to poverty alleviation through regional energy planning in Indonesia. Netherland: Intelligent Energy Europe

Dalton, G.J., & Lewis, T. (2011). Metrics for measuring job creation by renewable energy technologies, using Ireland as a case study. Journal of sustainable renewable energy, 15(4), 2123-2133. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.01.015 .

Del, R., & Burguillo, P.M. (2009). An empirical analysis of the impact of renewable energy development on local sustainability. Journal of sustainable energy, 13(6-7), 1314- 1325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2008.08.001 .

Douglass, M. (1998 A regional network strategy for reciprocal rural - urban linkages: an agenda for policy research with reference to Indonesia. Third World Planning Review, 20(1), 1 - 35..

Eyben, R., Kabeer, N., & Cornwall, A. (2008). Conceptualizing empowerment and the implications for pro-poor growth: A paper for the DAC Poverty Network. Brighton: IDS.

Fujikake, Y. (2008). Qualitative Evaluation: Evaluating People's Empowerment . Japanese Journal of Evaluation Studies, 8(2), 25 - 37.

Gado, A., & El-Zeftawy, A. (2009). Design and economy of renewable energy sources to supply isolated loads in rural and remote areas of Egypt. In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference and Exhibition on Electricity Distribution - Part 1 (CIRED 2009), 1-4.

Caring. (1991). Social Psychology. Bandung: PT. Eresco.

Goldemberg, J. (2007). Ethanol for a sustainable energy future. Journal of Science, 315(5813), 808- 810. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1137013.

Gomez, M., & Silveira, S. (2010). Rural electrification of the Brazilian Amaze n the achievements and lessons. Energy policy, 38(10), 6251-6260.

Gurbuz, G., & Aykol, S. (2008). Entrepreneurial intentions of young educated public in Turkey. Journal of Global Strategic Management, 2(2), 47 - 56

Haas, R., Watson, J., & Eichhammer, W. (2008). Transitions to sustainable energy systems special introduction to the energy policy issue. Energy policy, 36(11), 4009-4011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2008.06.015.

Hardiani, H., Hastuti, D., & Junaidi, J. (2019). An analysis of the attitudinal, contextual and gender perspectives of the entrepreneurial intentions among Indonesian millennials. Malaysian Management Journal, 23, 135-150.

Hardiani, J., Prihanto, P.H. & Junaidi, J. (2019). The Influence of Socioeconomic Characteristics and Family Support on the Quality of Life and Well-Being of the Elderly in Jambi Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 6(3), 63 - 74

Hendratmoko C., & Marsudi H. (2010). Analysis of Socio-Economic Empowerment Level of Capture Fishermen in Cilacap Regency. Journal of Socio-Economic Dynamics, 6(1), 1-17.

Hillebrand, B., Buttermann, H.G., Behringer, J.M., & Bleuel, M. (2006). The expansion of renewable energy and employment effects in Germany. Journal of energy policy, 34(18), 3484-3494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2005.06.017.

Hisrich, R.D. & Peters, M.P. (1998). Entrepreneurship. Boston: McGraw Hill.

Hoffmann, D. (2009). Creation of regional added value by regional bioenergy resources. Journal of Renewable Sustainable Energy, 13(9), 2419-2429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. rser.2009.04.001 .

Horton, P.B., & Hunt, C.L. (2006). Sosiologi (Ram, A.,Trans.). Jakarta: Erlangga Publisher.

Hua X., Yan J., & Zhang, Y. (2017). Evaluating The Role of Livelihood Assets in Suitable Livelihood Strategies: Protocol for anti-poverty policy in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau, China . Ecological Indicators , 78, 62–74.

Hubeis, A.V.S., Priono, M., Sedyaningsih, S., Ace S., Bintari, A., Yanis, E., & Mintarti. (2007). Communication Innovation. Issue 2. Jakarta: Open University Publisher.

Hurlock, E.B. (2006). Developmental Psychology: a development throughout the life span. Jakarta: Erlangga Publisher.

Hurlock., E.B. (1980). Developmental Psychology: An Approach Throughout the Life Span. Jakarta: Erlangga Publisher.

Katti, P.K., & Khedkar, M.K. (2005). Towards sustainable energy systems: integrating renewable energy sources is the key to rural area power supply. Proceedings of the 7th International Power Engineering Conference (IPEC),1.

Kuncono, O.S. (2013) . Effect of Confucius Ethics on Entrepreneurship, Business Capability and Business Performance of Chinese Ethnic Retailers in Surabaya. Dissertation. Airlangga University.

Lehr, U., Nitsch, J., Kratzat, M., Lutz, C., & Edler, D. (2008). Renewable energy and employment in Germany. Energy Policy, 36(1), 108- 117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. enpol.2007.09.004 .

Lionberger, H.F & Gwin, P.H. (1982). Communication strategies: A guide for agricultural change agents. Ilinois, United States of America: The Interstate Pinters & Publisher Inc.

Mardikanto, T. (1993). Penyuluhan Pembangunan Pertanian. Surakarta: Sebelas Maret University Press.

Masini, A., & Menichetti, E. (2012). The impact of behavioral factors in renewable energy investment decisions making process: conceptual framework and empirical findings. Energy policy, 40, 28-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2010.06.062.

Meredith., Geoffrey, G., Robert, E., Nelson., Philip, A., Nick. (2000). Kewirausahaan: Teori dan Praktek. (Asparsayogi, A., Trans.) Jakarta: Pustaka Binaman Pressindo.

Monks, FJ., Knoers, AMP., Had itono, SR. (2001). Developmental psychology: Introduction in various parts. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University.

Moreno, B., Lopez, AJ (2008). The effect of renewable energy on employment. The case of Austria (Spain). Renewable and sustainable energy, 12(3), 732- 571. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2006.10.011.

Nuskhi, M., & Setiana, L. (2004). Factors affecting the entrepreneurial attitudes of dairy farmers in Banyumas Regency. Journal of rural development, 4(3), 17-20.

Openshaw, K. (2010). Biomass energy: Employment generation and its contribution to poverty alleviation. Journal of Biomass Bioenergy, 34(3), 365-378. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2009.11.008.

Page, N., & Czuba, C.E. (1999). Empowerment: What Is It? Journal of Extension, 37(5). http://www.joe.org/joe/2006august/rb4.php.

Peura, P., & Hyttinen, T. (2011). The potential and economics of bioenergy in Finland. J.Clean. Prod, 19(9-10), 927- 945. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2011.02.009.

Peura, P., Kuittinen, H., Knuckey, L., Goodall, L., & Dinta, L. (2014). Implement sustainable energy for case studies. International Journal of a sustainable economy , 6(1), 19-44. Https://doi.org/10.1504/IJSE.2014.058516.

Rachmawatie, D. (2005). Analysis of Farmer Decisions in Adopting Artificial Insemination Technology. (Master’s thesis). Bogor. Faculty of Animal Husbandry. Bogor Agricultural Institute.

Rogers, E.M., & Shoemaker, F.F. (1971). Communication of Innovation: a cross-cultural approach, New York: United States of America: Free Press.

Rowlands, J. (1995). Examined Empowerment. Development in practice, 5(2), 101-107.

Santrock, J.W. (2008). Educational Psychology. Jakarta: Kencana Prenanda Media Group Publisher.

Sastresa, E.L., Uson, A.A., Bribi, I.Z., & Scarpellini, S. (2010). Local impact of renewable on employment: methodology and case study assessment. Journal of renewable energy sustainable energy, 14(2), 679- 690. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2009.10.017 .

Shyu, C. (2014). Ensuring access to electricity and minimum basic electricity needs as a goal for the post-MDG development agenda after 2015. Energy for sustainable development, 19, 29-38.

Smith, B., Burton, I., Klein, R.J.T., & Street, R. (1999). The Science of Adaptation: A Fremework for Assessment. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 4, 199–213.

Sobur, A. (2009). General Psychology. Bandung: CV. Faithful Reader.

Spencer, L.M., & Spencer, S.M. (1993). Competence Work: Model for superior performance. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.

Stewart, J. (1994). Empowering people. London: Pustman Publishing .

Suharti, L. & Sirine, H. (2011). Faktor-Faktor yang Berpengaruh Terhadap Niat Kewirausahaan (Entrepreneurial Intention) (Studi Terhadap Mahasiswa Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana, Salatiga). Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan, 13(2), 124-134.

Thomley, P., Rogers, J., & Huang, Y. (2008). Quantification of employment from biomass power plants. Renewable energy, 33(8), 1922 - 1927. Https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2007.11.011.

Tridakusumah, A.C., Elfina, M., Murdiyaningsih, D.I., Pioke, J., & Bumulo S. (2015). Pola Adaptasi Ekologi dan Strategi Nafkah RumahTangga di Desa Pangumbahan. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 3(3), 85-90.

Ul Haq, M. (1995). Reflection on human development. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

Valer, L.R., Mocelin, A., Zilles, R., Moura, E., & Nascimento, A.C.S. (2014). Assessment of socioeconomics impact of access to electricity in the Brazilian Amazon: a case study in two communities in Mamiraua Reserve. Energy for sustainable development, 20, 58-65.

Wang, J.J., Jing, Y.Y., Zhang, C.F., & Zhao, J.H. (2009). Review of multi-criteria decision analysis aid in sustainable energy decision-making. Journal of sustainable renewable energy, 13(9), 2263-2278.



2020-06-07 — Updated on 2020-06-07

How to Cite

Rachmawatie, D., Rustiadi, E., Fauzi, A., & Juanda, B. (2020). Empowerment of rural community through the development of renewable electricity. Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 8(2), 139 - 154. https://doi.org/10.22437/ppd.v8i2.8077