Citedness in Scopus

Jurnal Perspekif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah articles are cited by 54 articles in Scopus

Source   Article cited
2021    
Akinlo, T. & Dada, J.T
The moderating effect of foreign direct investment on environmental degradation-poverty reduction nexus: evidence from sub-Saharan African countries
(2021) Environment, Development and Sustainability
1 Olayemi, J.O & Temitope, D.J
Market size and foreign direct investment in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of education
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(1), pp. 21-30.
Dada, J.T., & Abanikanda
The moderating effect of institutions in foreign direct investment led growth hypothesis in Nigeria (2021) Economic Change and Restructuring
2 Olayemi, J.O & Temitope, D.J
Market size and foreign direct investment in sub-Saharan Africa: the role of education
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(1), pp. 21-30.
Rosyadi, S., et al
Barriers of public policy faced by SMEs of creative economy in Indonesia
(2021) International Journal of Law and Management
3 Fitriaty, F. & Kurniawan, D
Strategy for developing of small medium industry to creative industry in special culinary, Sarolangun Regency
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5(3), pp. 191-195.
Setiawan, H.H.., et al
Social entrepreneurship for beneficiaries of the Program Keluarga Harapan (PKH) toward sustainable development
(2021) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 739 012053
4 Otilia, M.P.E
Entrepreneurship, a determinant factor in the sustainable development of small businesses
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(4), pp. 389-406.
Hasan, A.M.., et al
Perception of entrepreneurs, small and medium industries in household product development and waste processing of chips corn in Province of Gorontalo
(2021) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 681(1), 012003
5 Halid, A
Development of Small Medium Interprises of Mize Processed Food Production as
a Locomotive of Gorontalo District’s Economy
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(6), pp. 729-734.
Fauzi, E., et al
Financial analysis of RGL citrus (Citrus reticulata) farming in Rejang Lebong Regency Bengkulu
(2021) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 733, 012095
6 Tolinggi, W., et al
Economic feasibility analysis of agribusiness sub terminal in integrated agricultural program area
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5(3), pp. 173-180.
Hindersyah, R., et al
Soil properties of agricultural area in karst terrain of parakan, pangandaran, West Java, Indonesia
(2021) Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management, 8(3) pp. 2809-2814
7 Hindersyah, R., et al
Sustainable food crop production in karst area of Parigi, Pangandaran, West Java: a preliminary study
(2020) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 8(1), pp. 41-50.
Nopiana, M., et al
Coastal rehabilitation efforts through community perception: A case study in Karawang Regency, Indonesia
(2021) AACL Bioflux, 14(1) pp. 72-90
8 Nopiana, M., et al
Coastal rehabilitation through the implementation of government policy: case study in Karawang Regency, West Java, Indonesia
(2020) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 7(4), pp. 359-374.
Metaxas, T., et al
View in Dimensions Planning and Marketing the City for Sustainability: The Madrid Nuevo Norte Project
(2021) Sustainability, 13, 2094
9 Asnawi, A.
City Marketing In Tourism: A Literature Review About Periodical Concept And Definition
(2020) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 8(1), pp. 79-90.
Buchory, H.A.
ANALYSIS OF FUNDING STRATEGY, CREDIT PERFORMANCE, AND BANKING PROFITABILITY. (CASE STUDY OF CIMB-NIAGA BANK IN INDONESIA)
(2021) Estudios de Economia Aplicada, 39(4) 

10 Kidane, S.T
Credit risk management and profitability: empirical evidence on Ethiopian commercial banks (2020) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 8(4), pp. 377-386.
Sudharmawan, A.A.K., et al
Expected genetic progress of F2 resulted from crossovers of paddy Situ Patenggang variety with IPB 3S variety
(2021) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 681 012014
11

Riyanto, W., et al.
Permintaan beras di Provinsi Jambi (penerapan partial adjustment model)
(2013) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 1(1), pp. 11-20.

2020    
Mapanga, A.
IMPEDIMENTS TO HEALTHCARE GOVERNANCE IN FRAGILE STATES
(2020) Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues.  23(5), pp. 1-12
1 Siregar, H.O., & Muslimah, S.
Implementation of good governance principles in village government context in Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta: Good Governance
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(4), pp. 503-514.
Padjung, R. et al
Effect of exploitation system using a tapping stimulant on the production of four rubber plant clones (Hevea brasiliensis Mull-Arg.) in Bulukumba Regency
(2020) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 575(1), 012120
2 Nugraha, I.S., et al
Effort to increase rubber farmers’ income when rubber low prices
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(3), pp. 363-370.
Husain, A., et al
Organizational and Environmental Factors with the Mediating Role of E-Commerce and SME Performance
(2020) J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex.  6(4), 196
3 Vargas-Hernández, J.G. & Rosas, DIP
Policy recommendations for current relationship between electronic commerce and Mexican SMEs: Theoretical analysis under the vision based on the industry
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6(4), pp. 377-388.
Nopiana, M., et al
Evaluation of the rehabilitation implementation for addressing coastal erosion in the coastal area of Karawang Regency, Indonesia
(2020) AACL Bioflux, 13(6) pp. 3420-3429
4 Nopiana, M., et al
Coastal rehabilitation through the implementation of government policy: case study in Karawang Regency, West Java, Indonesia
(2020) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 7(4), pp. 359-374.
Yuniarta, G.A. & Purnawati, I.G.A
Key Elements of Local Government Transparency in New Public Governance
(2020) Problems and Perspectives in Management, 18)4) pp. 96-106
5 Aronmwan, E. J., & Asiriuwa,O.
Online Financial Disclosures in the Nigerian Public Sector
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5(4), pp. 257-270.
Aziz, Y., et al
Islamic practices and small and medium enterprises performance: Is corporate social responsibility a missing link?
(2020) Journal of Public Affair, e2314.
6 Lawal, I.M., Ajayi, J.M.A.
The role of Islamic social finance towards alleviating the humanitarian crisis in North-East Nigeria
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (5), pp. 545-558.
Amaluddin, A
The dynamic link of electricity consumption, internet access and economic growth in 33 provinces of Indonesia
(2020) International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 10(4), pp. 309-317
7 Amaluddin, A.
The nexus between tourism development and economic growth in Eastern Indonesia: A panel VECM approach
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 7 (2), pp. 143-156.
Al-Hussaini, N., et al
Islamic approach toward purification of transaction with cryptocurrency.
(2020) Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, 98 (6). pp. 1050-1067.
8 Lawal, I.M.
The suitability of cryptocurrency in the structure of Islamic banking and finance
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (6), pp. 639-648.
Chetthamrongchai, P., et al
The Contribution Of Macroeconomic Factors In Determining The Economic Growth, Export And The Agricultural Output In Agri-Based Asean Economies
(2020) Entrepreneurship & Sustainability Issues, 7(3), pp. 2043-2059
9 Adegboyo, O.S.
The nexus between exchange rate fluctuations and macroeconomic variables in Nigeria
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (4), pp. 489-502.
Sofyan, J.F., et al
Relationship between the biomass of reef shark and fish in South Morotai Waters, North Maluku, Indonesia
(2020) Biodiversitas, 21(12), 5605-5613
10 Purba, N.P., et al
Development of Morotai Island-North Maluku based on oceanographic-ecosystem condition
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 7(3), pp. 305-314.
Talreja, S., et al
Do pre & post merger integration matters in cross border merger & acquisition (CBM&A)
(2020) Estudios de Economia Aplicada, 38(2)
11 Ahmed, F., Manwani, A., Ahmed, S.
Merger & acquisition strategy for growth, improved performance and survival in the financial sector
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5 (4), pp. 196-214.
Abere, S.S., Akinbobola
External Shocks, Institutional Quality, and Macroeconomic Performance in Nigeria
(2020) SAGE Open, April-June 2020. pp. 1–18:
12 Keji, S.A.
An empirical nexus between oil price collapse and economic growth in sub-Saharan African oil based economies
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5, pp. 300-313.
Rahayu, S., Yudi, Rahayu
Internal auditors role indicators and their support of good governance
(2020) Cogent Business & Management, 7: 1751020:
13 Rahayu, S., Yudi, Rahayu
How to improve accountability of fixed assets of local government?
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (2), pp. 195-204.
Ntshangase, S.D., Ezuduji, I.O
Profiling Entrepreneurial Behaviour Based On Demographic Variables: Tourism-Related Entrepreneurs In Mtubatuba Local Municipality, South Africa
(2020) GeoJournal of Tourism and Geosites, 31(3), pp.944-950;
14 Amin, S., Hasbullah, H.
Linking personal attributes, technical skill and managerial competence towards entrepreneurial orientation and the success of traditional home culinary industry
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5 (3), pp. 157-166.
Endri, E., et al
Consumption behavior patterns of generations Y Halal products in Indonesia
(2020) Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 26(2), pp. 1-10;
15 Amir, A.
Pola dan Prilaku Konsumsi Masyarakat Muslim di Provinsi Jambi (Telaah Berdasarkan Tingkat Pendapatan dan Keimanan)
(2017) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 4 (2), pp. 73-88.
Marpaung, P., Hasnudi, Rahmanta
Analysis of factors influencing beef cattle productivities and their development strategies in Dairy Regency, Sumatera Utara Province, Indonesia
(2020) IOP Conf. Series: Earth & Environmental Science, 454
16 Amir Halid, A., Muh Muhtar, M., Mokodompit, S.Y.
Financial feasibility analysis, small business farm beef cattle livestock in Gorontalo District
(2017) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5 (2), pp. 105-114.
Santoso, I., Prahastuti, I.Y., Pusfitasari, D.A.
Identification of institutional risks of SMEs supply chain using the fuzzy failure mode and effect analysis
(2020) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 475

17 Osrinda, N., Delis, A.
Analisis Konsistensi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran serta Implikasinya terhadap Capaian Target Kinerja pada Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Merangin (2016) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 3, pp. 151-162.
Sujianto, A.E., Mashudi
Maintain Sustainable Development Environment: Exports of Crude Petroleum, Coal, Natural Gas and Gross Domestic Product in Indonesia
(2020) IOP Conf. Series: Earth & Environmental Science, 469
18 Mustika, M., Haryadi, H., Hodijah, S.
Pengaruh Ekspor dan Impor Minyak Bumi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia
(2015) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 2 (3), pp. 107-118.
Ilmiyyah, N.M., Saftiana, Y., Wahyudi, T.
The empirical analysis of fiscal illusion
(2020) Accounting, 6 (6) pp. 1033-1044
19 Bhakti, A.
Deteksi Ilusi Fiskal Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi (Pengujian Perilaku Asimetris Pemerintah Daerah dalam Merespon Dana Perimbangan)
(2013) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 1 (2), pp. 71-80.
Junaidi, Yulmardi, Hardiani
Food Crops-Based And Horticulture-Based Villages Potential As Growth Center Villages In Jambi Province, Indonesia
(2020) Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(9), pp. 514 - 519

20 Junaidi, J., Amir, A., Hardiani, H.
Potensi Klaster Agroindustri Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Provinsi Jambi
(2014) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 2 (1), pp. 9-20.
Hakimi,R., Noer, M. - Nofialdi, - Hasnah
Network Structure of Institutions in Cassava Agro-Industry Development in Lima Puluh Kota District
(2020) International Journal in Advanced Science Engineering Information Technology, 10(20), 756 - 765
21 Junaidi, J., Amir, A., Hardiani, H.
Potensi Klaster Agroindustri Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Provinsi Jambi
(2014) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 2 (1), pp. 9-20.
Lukiyanto, K., Wijayaningtyas, M.
Gotong Royong as social capital to overcome micro and small enterprises' capital difficulties
(2020) Heliyon, 6 (9)
22 Rosyani, R., et al
Gotong royong (cooperation) transformation of rural communities in Jambi Province, Indonesia
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah,7(1), pp. 103 – 110:
Widyastari, D.A., et al
Marital Dissolution in Postmodern Java, Indonesia: Does Early Marriage Increase the Likelihood to Divorce?
(2020) Journal of Divorce & Remarriage
23 Ascandra,W., Bachtiar, N., Nazer, M.
An economic analysis of women’s employment and divorce
(2019) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 6 (5), 535-544
Michellianouva, F., Manuruang, A.H. Agoes, S.
Determinants of Bank Health in Three Countries: Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia
(2020) International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(4), pp.7819 – 7836:
24 Adam,M. Safitri, R., Wahyudi, T.
Effect of company size, liquidity and operational efficiency on bank profitability with problem credit risk as a moderating variable at commercial banks that are listed on ....
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah 6 (3), 331-344
Pavolova, H., et al
The Circular Model in Disposal with Municipal Waste. A Case Study of Slovakia
(2020) Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17(6), 1839:
25 Mihaliková, E., et al
Competences of municipalities in waste economy
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah 6 (1), 79-86
Saputri, Y.W., Qomariah, N., Herlambang, T.
Effect of Work Compensation, Supervision and Discipline on Work Performance
(2020) International Journal Of Scientific & Technology Research, 9(1), 2597 - 2601
26 Setiawan, H.E., Safri, M.
Analisis Pengaruh Akuntabilitas Publik, Transparansi Publik dan Pengawasan Terhadap Kinerja Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah di Kabupaten Bungo
(2016) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 4 (1), 51-72
Maryati, S. Et.al
Benefit Distribution of Community-Based Infrastructure: Agricultural Roads in Indonesia
(2020) Sustainability, 12(5), 2085
27 Tan,S., Achmad, E.
Pengaruh Pembangunan Infrastruktur Terhadap Pengembangan Sektor Pertanian di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi
(2013) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 1 (1), 29-34
Karim, I., et al
The perception of local cocoa farmers to the swisscontact program: economics, environment and social dimension
(2020) IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 486
28 Rusman,RFY., Karim, I., Arsal, A.
Factors that influence the increase of Eucheuma cottonii Seaweed farmers’ income in Bantaeng, South Sulawesi
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 5 (3), 167-172
Utami, B.
Factors Affecting Poverty in Lamongan
(2020) Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Pilsen, Czech Republic,:
29 Harlik, H., Amir, A., Hardiani, H.
Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan dan pengangguran di Kota Jambi
(2013) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 1 (2), 109-120
Nopiana, M., et al.
Evaluation of the rehabilitation implementation for addressing coastal erosion in the coastal area of Karawang Regency, Indonesia
(2020) Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation; Cluj-Napoca, 13(66), 3420-3428.
30 Nopiana, M.,  et al.
Coastal rehabilitation through the implementation of government policy: Case study in Karawang Regency, West Java, Indonesia
(2020) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 7(4), 359-374
2019    
Sultan, et al
Oil price and Indonesian economic growth
(2019) Problems and Perspectives in Management, 17(1), pp. 152-162
1 Mustika, M., Haryadi, H., Hodijah, S.
Pengaruh Ekspor dan Impor Minyak Bumi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia
(2015) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 2 (3), pp. 107-118.
Enyoghasim, M.O, et al
Oil Exploration and Exploitation in Nigeria and the Challenge of Sustainable Development: An Assessment of the Niger Delta
(2019) International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 9(4), pp. 369 - 380
2 Lasbrey, A., Tobechi, A., Yuni, D., Chukwu, B.
Nigeria’s economic growth and the sisyphus odyssey: Atheoretical retrospect
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (3), pp. 291-302.
Purba, N.P., et al
Marine debris in Indonesia: A review of research and status
(2019) Marine Pollution Bulletin, 146, 134 – 144

3 Ramos, A., Purba, et al
Microplastic tracking from Pacific garbage to Northern Indonesia Sea
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (1), pp. 87-96.
Kartikawati D., et al
The role of agriculture, forestry and fishery sector in the development of Malinau District (location quotient and shift share approach)
(2019) IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 314, 012077

4 Darma, D.C., et al
Potensi Sektor Perekonomian di Kabupaten Malinau Provinsi Kalimantan Utara
(2015) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 2 (4), pp. 173-180.
Purba, N.P., Faizal, I
Performance of float artificial debris (FAD) with Lagrangian concept
(2019) AACL Bioflux, 2019, 12(6) pp. 2236 - 2242
5 Ramos, A., Purba, et al.
Microplastic tracking from Pacific garbage to Northern Indonesia Sea
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (1), pp. 87-96.
Wijayanto, B., Maryanto, E., Rahayu, S.P, Iskandar, D.
The development of REST API-based android application for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) in Purbalingga Regency
(2019) Journal of Physics: Conference Series 1367
6 Tona Aurora, L.
Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi pada Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Kota Jambi
(2016) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 3(3), pp. 163-174
Rachmaniah, M., Rafdi, Miftah, M.R.A, Yanuar, A.
PayPOS user experience improved small and medium sized micro business existence in the disruptive era
(2019) IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 299
7 Tona Aurora, L.
Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi pada Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Kota Jambi
(2016) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 3(3), pp. 163-174 .
Qurniati, R, et al
Poverty distribution of different types of forest-related communities: Case study in Wan Abdul Rachman ForestPark and mangrove forest in Sidodadi Village, Lampung Province, Indonesia
(2019) Biodiversitas, 20(11), 3153-3163
8 Harlik, H., Amir, A., Hardiani, H.
Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan dan pengangguran di Kota Jambi
(2013) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah 1 (2), 109-120
Enyoghasim, M.O, et al.
Oil Exploration and Exploitation in Nigeria and the Challenge of Sustainable Development: An Assessment of the Niger Delta
(2019) International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 9(4), pp. 369 - 380
9 Lasbrey, A., Tobechi, A., Yuni, D., Chukwu, B.
Nigeria’s economic growth and the sisyphus odyssey: Atheoretical retrospect
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (3), pp. 291-302.
Purba, N.P., et al
Marine debris in Indonesia: A review of research and status
(2019) Marine Pollution Bulletin, 146, 134 – 144

10 Ramos, A., Purba, et.al
Microplastic tracking from Pacific garbage to Northern Indonesia Sea
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (1), pp. 87-96.
Purba, N.P., Faizal, I
Performance of float artificial debris (FAD) with Lagrangian concept
(2019) AACL Bioflux, 2019, 12(6) pp. 2236 - 2242
11 Ramos, A., Purba, et.al
Microplastic tracking from Pacific garbage to Northern Indonesia Sea
(2018) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 6 (1), pp. 87-96.
2015    
Abdullah, W.G. et al.
Potency of Natural Sweetener: Brown Sugar
(2015) WSEAS Transactions On Business And Economics, 12, pp. 99 – 110


1 Saleh, Y.
Analisis Pendapatan Usaha Pengrajin Gula Aren Di Desa Tulo’a Kecamatan Bulango Utara Kabupaten Bone Bolango, Propinsi Gorontalo
(2014) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 4 (1), pp. 219-224.
2014    
Abdullah, W.G. et al.
Potency of Natural Sweetener: Brown Sugar
(2014) Advances in Enviromental Biology, 8(21), pp. 374 – 385
1 Saleh, Y.
Analisis Pendapatan Usaha Pengrajin Gula Aren Di Desa Tulo’a Kecamatan Bulango Utara Kabupaten Bone Bolango, Propinsi Gorontalo
(2014) Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 4 (1), pp. 219-224.