Bioecology of titan arum (Amorphophallus titanium (Becc.) Becc.) In Muara Hemat Village, South Kerinci Resort, Kerinci Seblat National Park

  • Nursanti Nursanti Program Studi Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Jambi
  • Cory Wulan Program Studi Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Jambi
  • Monica Ria Felicia Program Studi Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Jambi

Abstract

Amorphophallus titanum is native to Sumatra's rainforest that was first recognized in the world of science after it was discovered by Dr. Odoardo Beccari in 1878 in the Lembah Anai, West Sumatra. Amorphophallus titanum is protected by the Government Regulation Number 7 in 1999 and being categorized as Vulnerable to Red List Data Book issued by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) in 1997. This study aims to examine the natural population of Amorphophallus titanum and analyze the pattern of its distribution in Muara Hemat Village, Kerinci Seblat National Park. The data were collected with 3 hectars of sampling area divided into 3 lines (transect) measuring 10 m x 1000 m. The distance between each transect is 1000 m. Each transect is divided into plots measuring 10 m x 10 m, resulting in a total of 300 plots. The dispersal pattern of A. titanum was analyzed by Morisita Index formula. Based on research that has been done, the population of A. titanum were 83 individuals which were located in 51 of 300 research plots. The density of A. titanum was 27.67 individuals/hectar. Through the Morisita index calculation, it is known that the distribution pattern of A. titanum in Muara Hemat Village is clumped (Ip = 0.50).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abywijaya IK. 2014. Keanekaragaman dan Pola Sebaran Spesies Tumbuhan Asing Invasif di Cagar Alam Pulau Sempu, Jawa Timur. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Balai Besar Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat. 2013. Zonasi Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat (The Tropical Heritage of Sumatera).
Barbour, G.M., Busk, J.K., and Pitts, W.D. 1987. Terrestrial Plant Ecology. New York: The Benyamin / Cummings Publishing Company Inc.
Barthlott W dan W Lobin. 1998. Amorphophallus titanum. Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt : 99. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Mainz.
Graham C dan JT Hadiah. 2004. Amorphophallus titanum Becc. Eksplorasi (4): 2: 12-15.
Handoko. 1993. Klimatologi Dasar. Jurusan Geofisika dan Meteorologi IPB. Bogor.
Hetterscheid W dan S Ittenbach. 1996. Everything you always wanted to know about Amorphophallus, but were afraid to stick your nose into. Aroideana 19: 7-131.
Hidayat S dan Yuzammi. 2008. Kajian Populasi Alami Bunga Bangkai (Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc.) : Studi Kasus di Kawasan Hutan Bengkulu. Buletin Kebun Raya Indonesia Vol. 11 No. 1.
Idris S. 1974. Amorphophallus titanium Becc. (bunga bangkai). Buletin Kebun Raya 1 (3): 7-10.
Jansen PCM, C Van den wilk dan WLA Hetterscheid. 1996. Amorphophallus sp. In PROSEA 9 : Plant Yields Non Seed Carbohydrate, M. Flach and F. Rumawas (eds). Prosea Foundation, Bogor Indonesia. 45-50.
Kissling WD, WJ Baker, H Balslev, AS Barfod, F Borchsenius, J Dransfield, R Govaerts dan JC Svenning. 2012. Quaternary and pre-quartenary historical legacies in the global distribution of a major tropical plant lineage. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 21, 909-921.
Krebs CJ. 1978. Ecology, The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. New York: Harper and Row Publisher.
Krebs CJ. 1989. Ecological methodology. Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, Inc., Menlo Park, California : 620 hlm.
Latifah D, H Wawangningrum, S Hartini dan E Munawaroh. 2015. How to Predict The Blooming of The Giant Corpse Inflorescence Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. Ex Arcang. Berita Biologi 14(2).
Lestari DP. 2011. Pola Sebaran Spasial Jenis Merbau (Intsia spp.) Pada Hutan Primer dan Hutan Bekas Tebangan di Areal IUPHHK-HA PT. Mamberamo Alasmandiri, Provinsi Papua. [Skripsi]. Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Lobin W, M Neumann, M Radscheit dan W Barthlott. 2007. The Cultivation of Titan Arum (Amorphophallus titanum) – A Flagship Species for Botanic Gardens. SIBBALDIA : The Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture No.5.
Mayo SJ, J Bogner dan PC Boyce. 1997. The Genera of Araceae. The Trustees, Royal Garden, Kew.
Poerba YS dan Yuzammi. 2008. Pendugaan Keragaman Genetik Amorphophallus titanum Becc. Berdasarkan Marka Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA. Biodiversitas Vol. 9 No. 2.
Ramdaniah Y. 2001. Studi kualitas tanah pada tipe penutupan lahan hutan alam, hutan pinus dan padang rumput di sub DAS Curug Cilember, Cisarua, Bogor. [Skripsi]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Resosoedarmo S, K Kartawinata dan Soegianto. 1985. Pengantar Ekologi. Jakarta: Fakultas Pasca Sarjana IKIP Jakarta & BKKBN Jakarta.
Saragih ES, D Astiani dan L Sisillia. 2015. Sebaran Populasi dan Kondisi Tempat Tumbuh Bunga Bangkai (Amorphophallus sp.) di Kawasan Hutan Kota Gunung Sari Kota Singkawang. Jurnal Hutan Lestari Vol. 4(3) : 282-291.
Sholihin dan RS Purwantoro. 2005. Pertumbuhan Vegetatif pada Amorphophallus titanum (Becc.) Becc. Di Kebun Raya Cibodas. Balai Konservasi Tumbuhan Kebun Raya Cibodas, LIPI.
Sollins P. 1998. Factors influencing species composition in tropical lowland rain forest: does soil matter? Ecology 79:23-39.
Sugiyanti, Hardianyah dan Amintarti S. 2011. Jenis dan Kerapatan Tumbuhan Meranti Penghasil Damar yang Terdapat di Hutan Hamurau Dusun Puli’in Desa Artain Kecamatan Aranio Kabupaten Banjar. Jurnal Wahana-Bio VI :60-81.
Supriatna J. 2008. Melestarikan Alam Indonesia. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
Vestal AG. 1949. Minimum areas for different vegetations. Their determination from species-area curves. Illionis Biol. Monogr. 20, 1-129.
Zhang MG, ZK Zhou, WY Chen, J Slik, CH Cannon dan N Raes. 2012. Using species distribution modeling to improve conservation and land
use planning of Yunnan, China. Biol. Conserv. 153, 257-264.
Published
2020-01-15
How to Cite
1.
Nursanti N, Wulan C, Felicia MR. Bioecology of titan arum (Amorphophallus titanium (Becc.) Becc.) In Muara Hemat Village, South Kerinci Resort, Kerinci Seblat National Park. J. Silv. Trop [Internet]. 2020Jan.15 [cited 2020Apr.11];3(2):162-74. Available from: https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/STP/article/view/8037