The Indonesian Educational Administration and Leadership Journal (IDEAL) provides a vital forum for exchanging ideas in order to enrich the theory, policy, and practice of education in Indonesia and around the world. IDEAL is a biannual, open access, peer-reviewed, and international e-journal, published in Indonesia. We accept unpublished, high quality, and original research manuscripts in English, resulting primarily from quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methodology related to or associated with education. IDEAL is published 2 times per year by Jambi University, The Bachelor Degree, Educational Administration Study Program. All research articles appearing in IDEAL have undergone a thoroughly blind peer-review.