Partisipasi Masyarakat Dalam Pencegahan Dan Pengendalian Kebakaran Lahan Gambut Di Hutan Lindung Gambut (Hlg) Londerang Provinsi Jambi

  • zainuddin zainuddin Universitas Jambi
  • Rosyani Rosyani
  • Bambang Hariyadi
Keywords: participation, peat, protected

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the level of community participation and the relationship of between community knowledge with participation in the fire prevention and suppression from peat in Londerang Peat Protection Forest (HLG), Jambi Province. Research uses a mixed method by combining quantitative and qualitative research. The qualitative data sampling uses purposive sampling by collecting data through in-depth interviews. The analytical method used is quantitative descriptive analysis method supported by qualitative and cross tabulation methods. For the analysis of the association relationship using the Spearman Rank correlation formula method with respondents (n) <30. To analyze the comparison of the level of knowledge and community participation, the t-test was performed using the independent t-test. Based on data analysis, it is known that the level of participation for the community of Rawasari Village is at the level of partnership, while the level of participation of Manis Mato villagers is at the level of informing. The level of knowledge and level of community participation in Rawasari Village is higher than the knowledge of the Manis Mato Village community. The relationship of knowledge to community participation in Rawasari and Manis Mato Villages has a very strong correlation coefficient, rsrawasari = 0,9877 and rsmanismato = 0,9895. Correlation value rs (Spearman Rank correlation coefficient) shows that there is a very significant effect (α = 0.01) between knowledge of the level of community participation in the prevention and control of peatland fires in Londerang Peat Protection Forest (HLG). The strategy to increase and strengthen knowledge and community participation in both villages can be done through assistance to increase knowledge through socialization and community participation through training and improvement of supporting facilities and technical knowledge on the use of various facilities needed in the form of community empowerment to increase knowledge and participation in prevention and control fire peat fires in Londerang Peat Protection Forest (HLG).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Arstein, Sherry R. 1995. A Ladder of Citizen Participation dalam Jay M. Stein (ed). Classic Reading in Urban Planning : An Introduction. McGraw-Hill, Inc, New York.

Bambang Prasetyo , Miftahul Jannah. 2005. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif : Teori dan Aplikasi. PT Raja Grafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Evayanti, Tengku dan Zulkarnaini. 2014. Partisipasi Organisasi Masyarakat Peduli Api (MPA) Terhadap Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Kabupaten Pelalawan, Riau. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan ISSN : 1978 – 5283

Hall, Antony et al. 1986. Community Participation, Social Development and State. London: Mathuen.

Hipni. 2014. 1800 Lahan Di Tanjabtim Terbakar. Diakses pada 15 Januari 2018. infojambi.com/peristiwa/10123-1800-hektar-lahan-di-tanjabtimterbakar.html.

Kecamatan Berbak Barat Dalam Angka 2016. Badan Pusat Statistik, Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur.

Kecamatan Taman Rajo Dalam Angka 2016. Badan Pusat Statistik, Kabupaten Muaro Jambi.

Keputusan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia Nomor SK.129/MENLHK/SETJEN/PLK.0/2/2017 tentang Penetapan Peta Kesatuan Hidrologis Gambut Nasional.

Mikkelsen, Britha. 2003. Metode Penelitian Partisipatoris dan Upaya-upaya Pemberdayaan: Sebuah Buku Pegangan Bagi Para Praktisi Lapangan, Terjemahan Matheos Nalle, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Nurdin, Muhammad Badri dan Dewi Sukartik. 2018. Efektivitas Sosialisasi Pencegahan Kebakaran Hutan Dan Lahan Pada Masyarakat Di Desa Sungai Buluh Kecamatan Bunut Kabupaten Pelalawan Riau. Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi FDK UIN Suska Riau. Jurnal Riset Komunikasi. P-ISSN: 2615-0875. E-ISSN: 2615-0948. Volume 1 Nomor 1 Februari 2018: 70-87

Nurjanah, S., Octavia, D dan Kusumadewi, F. 2013. Identifikasi Lokasi Penanaman Kembali Ramin di Hutan Gambut Sumatera dan Kamlimantan. Bogor: Forda Press.

Panudju, Bambang. 1999. Pengadaan Perumahan Kota Dengan Partisipasi Masyarakat Berpenghasilan Rendah. Penerbit Alumni. Bandung.

Plummer, J. 2000. Elements of Participation. Municipalities and Community Participation: a sourcebook for Capacity Building. London. Sterling. VA. Earthscan ; 25-57.

Ramadhani, Ria, Emi Roslinda, Sudirman Muin. 2018. Sikap Masyarakat Desa Penjawaan Terhadap Penerapan Peraturan Larangan Membuka Lahan Dengan Cara Membakar Di Kecamatan Sandai Kabupaten Ketapang. Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak. Jurnal Hutan Lestari (2018). Vol. 6 (2) : 343 – 353

Saharjo, Bambang Hero dan Guntala Wibisana. 2017. Persepsi Masyarakat Dalam Upaya Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai. Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika. Departemen Silvikultur, Fakultas Kehutanan IPB. Vol. 08 No. 2, Agustus 2017, Hal 141-146 ISSN: 2086-8227

Saharjo, Bambang Hero, Wahyu Catur Adinugroho I N. N. Suryadiputra Labueni Siboro. 1999. Panduan Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan Gambut. Wetlands International - Indonesia Programme, Jakarta.

Sahidu, Arifudin. 1998. Partisipasi Masyarakat Tani Pengguna Lahan Sawah dalam Pembangunan Pertanian di Daerah Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat. Disertasi. Pascasarjana, IPB

Slamet, Y. 1994, Pembangunan Masyarakat Berwawasan Partisipasi, Sebelas Maret University Press, Surakarta.

Sugiyono. 2013. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R &D. Bandung: CV, Alfabeta. LP3ES, Jakarta.

Suhendri dan Eko Prito Purnomo. 2017. Penguatan Kelembagaan Dalam Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi, Provinsi Jambi. Journal Governance and Public Polivy. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogjakarta.

Published
2019-03-12