https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/issue/feed Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 2020-12-31T00:26:29+07:00 Dr. Ir. Rosyani., M.Si. rosy1762@yahoo.com Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">Journal of Sustainable Development is a scientific journal published by the Masters Program in Environmental Studies, Postgraduate University of Jambi and is used as a media for dissemination of research results in the form of full research articles, short communication and literature review on aspects of the Environmental Sciences.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The Journal of Sustainable Development receives articles in Indonesian and English covering several topics of environmental studies including Environmental Management, Environmental Engineering, Environmental Planning, Environmental Psychology, Clean Production, Life Cycle Analysis, Climat Changes, Environmental Impact Analysis, Environmental Planning and Administration, Environmental Health, Engineering Environment, and Environmental Information Systems.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1532395541&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">pISSN :&nbsp;&nbsp;2622-2302</a>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1532396279&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">eISSN :&nbsp;2622-2310</a> &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/8494 Partisipasi Masyarakat Dalam Program Penyediaan Air Bersih Dan Sanitasi (Studi Di Kecamatan Ujung Pangkah Kabupaten Gresik) 2020-01-05T22:58:13+07:00 Cecilia Novi Anggraini cnovi256@gmail.com <p>Program penyediaan air bersih dan sanitasi berbasis masyarakat merupakan salah satu program unggulan pemerintah pusat yang menggunakan pendekatan berbasis masyarakat, dimana masyarakat sebagai pelaku utama dan sekaligus sebagai penanggungjawab pelaksaan kegiatan. Partisipasi masyarakat merupakan kepedulian masyarakat terhadap kualitas lingkungan, seperti ikut serta dalam segala macam kegiatan sosial yang diadakan di lingkungan permukiman. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis penelitian deskriptif. Teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumetasi. Lokasi penelitian ini berada di Kecamatan Ujung Pangkah Kabupaten Gresik. Hasil temuan dari penelitian ini yaitu bahwa program penyediaan air bersih dan sanitasi, merupakan suatu program yang dibentuk oleh peemrintah pusat yang didukung oleh PGN Saka dengan mengutamakan masyarakat sebagai aktor yang sangat berperan penting dalam mengupayakan pembangunan dan penyediaan air bersih serta perbaikan sarana dan prasarana sanitasi terutama di Kecamatan Ujung Pangkah. Bentuk partisipasi yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat berupa: Partisipasi dalam bentuk tenaga, Partisipasi dalam bentuk materi, dan Partisipasi dalam bentuk kegiatan sosial. Faktor yang mendasari masyarakat untuk ikut berperan aktif di dalam program penyediaan air bersih dan sanitasi diantaranya: Kemauan dan kemampuan masyarakat untuk mengubah atau memperbaiki keadaan serta program tersebut disambut baik oleh masyarakat sekitar mengingat adanya sebagian wilayah yang kekurangan air bersih.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/8922 The Assessment of Agricultural Processed Food Safety Systems Through The Application of GMP (Good Manufacture Practise) in SMEs (Small and Medium Mikro Businessses), Jambi City 2020-03-20T09:12:11+07:00 Guntur Guntur muhammadguntur89@gmail.com Nurhayati nurhayati@unja.ac.id Rosyani rosyani@unja.ac.id <p>The purpose of this study was to analyze the application of GMP, analyze the factors related to the application of GMP and analyze the most dominant factors those interacting with the GMP application in agricultural processed food SMEs in Jambi City. This research was a quantitative and observational approach with cross sectional design. Population and sample in this study were 23 Processed Agriculture SMEs in Jambi City. Data collection was using questionnaires and checklist. Univariate data analysis, bivariate analysis and multivariate analysis were using frequency distribution, rank spearman correlation and multiple regression. The results showed that the level of GMP implementation in the Processed Agriculture SMEs of Jambi City, were 12 SMEs (52.17%) at level 4 where ≥ 1 critical deviation, 6 SMEs (26.09%) at level 1 where 0 to 1 minor deviation and 0 to 2 major deviations. Factors related to the level of GMP application in the Processed Food Agriculture SMEs of Jambi City were income (Significant 0,013), number of workers (Significant 0,046), knowledge (Significant 0,002) and attitude (Significant 0,001). Attitude aspect is the dominant factor that interacts with the application of GMP in the Processed Food Agriculture SMEs of the City of Jambi with a positive coefficient value of 1.093.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/9890 Analisis Faktor Risiko Lingkungan Terhadap Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur 2020-07-09T07:21:20+07:00 Jumati uma_faira@ymail.com Ummi Kalsum Ummi@unja.ac.id Ilham ilham@unja.ac.id <p>Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur merupakan kabupaten endemis Filariasis. Angka <em>Mikrofilaria</em> <em>rate</em><em> (Mf rate)</em> tahun 2018 adalah 1,33% dan merupakan satu-satunya kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dengan angka Mf rate &gt; 1%, sehingga dilakukan pengobatan massal kembali selama 2 tahun (2017-2018), namun masih ditemukan kasus baru pada tahun 2019. Tujuan Penelitian adalah menganalisis hubungan lingkungan fisik, biologi, sosial dan budaya dengan kejadian filariasis dan faktor dominan terhadap kejadian filariasis. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif dengan rancangan <em>case control.</em> Populasi adalah kasus filariasis Tahun 2012-2018 di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Timur. Jumlah sampel sebanyak 80 orang, dengan perbandingaan antara kasus dan kontrol 1:1. Instrumen penelitian berupa kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan C<em>hi-square test dan Independen sample t-test </em>serta regresi logistik ganda<em>.</em> Hasil analisis terdapat 4 variabel yang terbukti berpengaruh terhadap kejadian filariasis yaitu: umur responden (OR=0,14 CI 95% (0,05-0,38), pendidikan responden (OR = 4,67 CI 95% = 1,51-14,45), pekerjaan responden (OR = 4,66, CI 95% =1,76 -12,31), kepatuhan minum obat profilaksis (OR = 7,91, CI 95% = 2,92-21,43). Kepatuhan minum obat profilaksis merupakan faktor risiko yang paling dominan untuk terjadinya penyakit filariasis (OR= 12,97 (95%CI = 3,35-50,15) setelah dikontrol variabel keberadaan <em>resting place</em>, pekerjaan, usia, dan ketinggian tempat tinggal (m). Faktor paling dominan terhadap kejadian filariasis adalah kepatuhan minum obat profilaksis setelah dikontrol keberadaan <em>resting place</em>, pekerjaan, usia dan ketinggian tempat tinggal (m).</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/8880 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan 2020-03-15T10:22:18+07:00 Edisar Yanto yantoedisar@yahoo.co.id Hutwan Syarifuddin Hutwan@unja.ac.id Muhaimin muhaimin@unja.ac.id <p><strong>ABSTRAK</strong></p> <p>Operasional Puskesmas akan menimbulkan limbah, yang berpotensi menimbulkan dampak terhadap masyarakat dan lingkungan hidup. Tujuan penelitian untuk menyusun strategi pengelolaan limbah medis padat di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Purwodadi. Metode penelitian kualitatif&nbsp; dengan pendekatan deskriptif, pelaksanaan penelitian bulan Oktober-November 2019. Populasi &nbsp;dalam penelitian ini semua pegawai yang bekerja di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Purwodadi. Teknik pengambilan &nbsp;informan menggunakan tekhnik <em>Purposive sampling</em>. Hasil penelitian, evaluasi faktor internal&nbsp; diperoleh selisih kekuatan dan kelemahan adalah -45, sedangkan selisih faktor eksternal&nbsp; peluang dan ancaman adalah +44, posisi penilaian faktor internal dan ekternal berada pada kuadran III (Negatif, positif). Dengan posisi ini&nbsp; strategi yang mendukung&nbsp; adalah <em>turn around</em>, artinya strategi pengelolaan limbah Puskesmas dapat disusun dengan memanfaatkan lokasi Puskesmas yang&nbsp; luas, tersedianya dana dan peraturan untuk memenimalkan kelemahan yang ada . Kesimpulan strategi yang mendukung pengelolaan limbah medis padat di Puskesmas dapat dilakukan dengan &nbsp;menjadikan PP No. 101 Tahun 2014 dan Permen LHK No. P.56 Tahun 2015 sebagai dasar pengelolaan limbah medis padat di Puskesmas, Peningkatan kapasitas SDM , peningkatan dukungan alokasi anggaran, Peningkatan Pengawasan kepatuhan petugas&nbsp; dalam menggunakan APD, dan usulan Pengadaan fasilitas pengelolaan limbah serta pemantapan kerja sama dengan pihak ketiga.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci : <em>sistem pengelolaan limbah, limbah medis padat puskesmas dan analisis SWOT</em></strong></p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/8944 ANALISIS KUALITAS MIKROBIOLOGI UDARA DALAM KAMAR OPERASI PADA INSTALASI BEDAH SENTRAL RUMAH SAKIT “X” KOTA JAMBI TAHUN 2019 2020-03-21T10:28:24+07:00 Titiek Charuniza titiek.tc@gmail.com Hutwan Hutwan@unja.ac.id Jalius Jalius@unja.ac.id <p>Udara pada ruang operasi sangat perlu mendapat perhatian. Pencemaran udara yang terjadi dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi kuman dapat berpotensi menjadi pencetus kejadian infeksi pada situs bedah (SSI). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas udara dalam ruang operasi terhadap parameter mikrobiologi terkait dengan konsentrasi kuman dan factor penyebab keberadaan kuman &nbsp;diudara&nbsp; pada ruang operasi serta strategi dalam pengelolaan kualitas udara dalam &nbsp;ruang kamar operasi pada Instalasi Bedah Sentral Rumah Sakit ‘X’ Jambi tahun 2019.</p> <p>Sampel udara dikumpulkan dari area nuklei pada delapan kamar operasi sebelum pelaksanaan tindakan bedah menggunakan <em>air sampler </em>Mass NT 100 dan dianalisis dengan metode Angka Lempeng Total. Analisa dilakukan pada sifat fisik udara dan sarana prasaran&nbsp; yang ada pada ruang operasi. Faktor penyebab akan digunakan untuk membuat strategi kebijakan dalam pengelolaan kualitas udara dengan&nbsp; metode SWOT. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan kualitas udara pada semua ruang kamar operasi belum memenuhi standar baku mutu untuk parameter mikrobiologi dengan jumlah kuman pencemar tertinggi 600 CFU/m<sup>3</sup> dan terendah&nbsp; 30 CFU/m<sup>3</sup> dengan rata-rata 260 CFU/m<sup>3</sup>. Penyebab tingginya konsentrasi kuman pada ruangan operasi berhubungan dengan sarana prasarana dan sifat fisik udara yang tidak memenuhi syarat. Kurangnya pemeliharaan terhadap sarana prasarana menjadi faktor penyebab keberadaan kuman udara yang tinggi&nbsp; pada ruang operasi. Strategi pengelolaan yang ditawarkan adalah peningkatan kualitas sarana prasarana dan SDM yang tersedia serta melaksanakan fungsi monitoring dan evaluasi terhadap operasional kamar operasi.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Kata kunci : Kualitas mikrobilogi udara, kamar operasi, strategi pengelolaan.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/10018 Analysis of Factors Related to 3R-Based Waste Management Site in Jambi City 2020-07-18T22:25:20+07:00 Wahyu Ningsih wahyu.ningsih@alumni.ui.ac.id Jalius Jalius@unja.ac.id Syafril Hadi syafril@unja.ac.id <p>The objective of this study is to analysis of factors related to the functioning of 3R-based waste management site in Jambi City. The factors are consists of internal factors and external factors. The internal factors are individual characteristic (age, gender, job status, education, income), knowledge and attitude. The external factors are regulation, community participation and local government support.&nbsp; Design of this study is cross sectional design with 100 respondents as the samples. Proportional stratified random sampling is used as sampling technique and questionnaire is used to collect the data. The result of this study showed that the good functioning of 3R-based waste management site is 56%, and 44% has bad functioning. Based on Chi Square test showed that there were factors related to the functioning of 3R-based waste management site. They were knowledge, attitude, community participation and local government support. Based on linier regression test showed that community participation (95% CI: 0,815-9,661) was the most dominant factor related to the functioning of 3R-based waste management site which are controlled by knowledge, attitude and local government support. The conclusion of this study is to increase the functioning of 3R-based waste management site in Jambi City, the community participation have to developed by increasing the education about waste management with 3R-concept, also the increasing of local goverment support by coaching about the importance of 3R-based waste management site in Jambi City.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/8164 Effect Of Work Environment And Work Discipline On The Performance Of Spkt Unit Members (Integrated Police Service Center) Sungai Penuh Polsek With Work Motivation As An Intervening Variable 2019-12-04T15:13:05+07:00 Jullyantiara Dwi Putri annisaswtt@gmail.com <p>The purpose of research it is to know the influence of the environment of work and discipline of work against the performance of members of Unit IFMS (Central Services Police Integrated) Sungai Penuh Police with motivation work as variable intervening . This research is motivated by a work environment that is quite extensive and complex, working hours are not stable, so it requires high attention, level of discipline is still not evenly distributed, charging absences are rare, motivation to work less, supported infrastructure that it is still lacking, the performance of the agency and Members of the Sungai Penuh Police Sector SPKT are still low and unstable from year to year. The research method with a quantitative approach with the path analysis method. Data collection techniques with questionnaires, observation and interviews . Respondents of this study were 42 members of the SPKT (Integrated Police Service Center) Sungai Penuh Police Station. Method of withdrawal of samples using methods of total sampling where the entire population in the study used a sample. Hypothesis testing is calculated by the SPSS program version 24.0. The results of this study found that the work environment has a significant effect on motivation, work discipline has no significant effect on motivation, meaning that the higher the influence of work discipline does not affect motivation, the work environment has a significant effect on performance, work discipline has a significant effect on performance, motivation has a significant effect on performance, indirectly the work environment through motivation has a significant influence on performance, and indirectly work discipline through motivation has an insignificant effect on the performance of the Sungai Penuh police station SPKT member.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/8906 ANALISIS KEBERLANJUTAN USAHATANI SAYURAN KANGKUNG DI KECAMATAN PAAL MERAH KOTA JAMBI 2020-03-18T10:03:55+07:00 Dwi Puja Winata dwi.winata3@gmail.com Suandi suandi@unja.ac.id Anis Tatik Maryani anis@unja.ac.id <p>This study aims to describe farming activities kale in District Paal Merah city of Jambi, knowing sustainability index farm kale from the dimensions of the ecological, economic and social, as well as to determine the factors that affect adoption of sustainable farming kale in District Paal Merah city of Jambi. Methods of data analysis using descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis using MDS (Multi Dimension Scale) doped with Rapfish application. In addition, to determine the factors that affect the linear regression.</p> <p>The result showed that: (1) The results of the analysis of vegetable farming income in the study area showed that vegetable farming that farmers provide benefits for farmers. The average farmer's income earned in the District of Paal Red kale Rp. 1.231.125,67;-, with the cost of Rp. Rp. 910.728,50;- and the reception received by farmers Rp 2.141.854,17;-. (2) The results of the analysis of the value of sustainable farming in the district kale Red Paal at 61.42. The figure shows the level of integration of sustainability kale farm in the District of Red Paal quite sustainability. With the analysis of the ecological dimensions of sustainability index of 71.27%, 57.10% of the economic dimension and the social dimension of 55.88%. (3) Based on the results of t-test analysis showed that, the value of sustainable farming in the district kale Red Paal farmers are affected by age. When viewed from the significance value then age watercress farmers have significant influence with age farmers. While the experience factor, farmers' income and education did not significantly affect the farmers to adopt sustainable farming values kale.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords: farming kale, sustainability index, factors that affecting</em></strong></p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/9655 Pengaruh Faktor Sosial, Ekonomi Dan Lingkungan Terhadap Kejadian Tuberkulosis Paru Pada Anak Di Kota Jambi 2020-07-13T10:28:13+07:00 Arnalia Devi arnaliadevi@yahoo.com Jalius jalius@unja.ic.id Ummi Kalsum ummi_kalsum@gmail.com <p>Tuberculosis is a disease cause by Mycobakterium tuberculosis in children occurs on 0 -14 years old children. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence between the social, economic and environment factors with the incidence of tuberculosis in children. This study design was case control. Examined variables were parental knowledge, birth weight, BCG immunization, house contact, smoking, parental income, ventilation, lighting, temperature, humidity and residential density was the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. Case samples were the total number of cases recorded in the TB-03 register in Jambi City, July - December 2019. Control was taken by means of the neighborhood, age and gender matching method. The number of samples was 104 people 1:1 (52 cases and 52 controls). Data collection by interview using a questionnaire, observation and measurement. Data analyzed with chi square test and binary logistic regression at 95% CI. Case characteristics in boys (61.5%) aged over 5 years. There was a influence between smoking, house contact, and bedroom lighting with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. The social, economy and environment factors were not related to the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. The most dominant factor the incidence of tuberculosis in children is home contact with a probability of 99% supported by home lighting factors (OR = 7.35, 95% CI = 2.120 - 25.508) after being controlled by BCG immunization, smoking, bedroom temperature, house temperature and occupancy density. The research conclusion shows that Pulmonary Tuberculosis in children only happens when there is a direct contact from the grown ups who have the disease with the children and they live at the same house. This is also supported with the house lighting as the breaking factor of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis bacteria.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/JPB/article/view/10090 the Integrasi Program Berkelanjutan Dalam Penanganan Kawasan Permukiman Kumuh di Kecamatan Tungkal Ilir 2020-07-22T09:02:34+07:00 Nur Muhammad Munzil munzil.nur2@gmail.com Dompak Napitulu dompak@unja.ac.id Rosyani rosyani@unja.ac.id <p>The area of ​​the slum area in Tungkal Ilir District, Tanjung Jabung Barat Regency is 225.4 ha. The condition of buildings, environmental roads, environmental drainage, clean water, sanitation, solid waste and fire protection, are indicators of slum levels. In accordance with these indicators, the relevant Regional Apparatus Organizations (OPD) carry out programs in efforts to deal with slums. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of slum settlement management programs on the sustainability of slum area handling programs. The sampling method used is purposive sampling with 100 community respondents in slum locations and Stratified sampling with 30 ASN respondents, this study uses questionnaires and interviews with related parties in data retrieval. Analysis test uses SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) method and data processing using SmartPLS (Partial Least Square) software. The results showed the t-statistic for the Integration Program variable towards the Sustainable Cities variable was 2.185&gt; t-statistic (1.96). The original sample estimate value shows a positive value (0.199). which shows that the relationship pattern of the integration of the program handling slum areas with the sustainability of the program is positive, with a moderate level. The results show that the integration of the program indirectly affects sustainable cities through community participation and slum areas that have not been implemented optimally and tend to be in the middle so that programs and activities that are integrated and synergized by the Regional Government in implementing sustainable cities still need to be implemented.</p> <p>Keywords: Integration, Sustainable, Handling, Slums.</p> 2020-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pembangunan Berkelanjutan