KETAHANAN HIDUP PASIEN KANKER SERVIKS BERDASARKAN STADIUM KANKER

  • Zubaidah Zubaidah
  • Rico Januar Sitorus
  • Rostika Flora

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : Cervical cancer is the most common malignancy of the reproductive system and causes many deaths in women. One of the prognostic factors causing cervical cancer death is clinical stage. The purpose of this research is to determine the probability of 3-year survival of cervical cancer patients based on the stage of cancer.Methods : An analytical study with a retrospective cohort design using 274 medical records of cervical cancer patients for the period 2014-2016 in the Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital in Palembang. Each patient's data was followed by its development for 3 years, starting from the time the patient was first diagnosed with cervical cancer and determined the stage of cancer (clinical staging).Results : This study found that the probability of survival for 3 years for stage I was around 80%, stage II was around 70%, stage III was around 60%, and stage IV was around 40%. The median survival for stage IV is 24 months.Conclusion : This research proves that the earlier the stage of cancer, the 3-year survival will increase.Keywords: cervical cancer, stage, survival

 

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang : Kanker serviks merupakan penyakit keganasan sistem reproduksi paling umum dan banyak menyebabkan kematian pada wanita. Salah satu faktor prognostik penyebab kematian kanker serviks adalah stadium kanker. Tujuan penelitan ini adalah untuk mengetahui probabilitas ketahanan hidup 3 tahun pasien kanker serviks berdasarkan stadium kanker.

Metode : Studi analitik dengan desain kohort retrospektif dengan menggunakan 274 catatan rekam medis pasien kanker serviks periode tahun 2014-2016 di RSUP. Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Masing- masing data pasien tersebut diikuti perkembangannya selama 3 tahun, dimulai sejak pasien pertama kali didiagnosis kanker serviks dan ditetapkan stadium kankernya (clinical staging).

Hasil : Penelitian ini mendapatkan bahwa probabilitas ketahanan hidup 3 tahun untuk stadium I sekitar 80%, stadium II sekitar 70%, stadium III sekitar 60%, dan stadium IV sekitar 40%. Median ketahanan hidup untuk stadium IV adalah 24 bulan.

Kesimpulan : Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa semakin awal stadium kanker serviks maka ketahanan hidup 3 tahun akan semakin meningkat.

Kata Kunci : kanker serviks, stadium, ketahanan hidup

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Published
2020-05-01
How to Cite
Zubaidah, Z., Sitorus, R. J., & Flora, R. (2020). KETAHANAN HIDUP PASIEN KANKER SERVIKS BERDASARKAN STADIUM KANKER . JAMBI MEDICAL JOURNAL "Jurnal Kedokteran Dan Kesehatan", 8(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.22437/jmj.v8i1.9419