STUDI LITERATUR : HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT TERHADAP KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH POSTPRANDIAL

Authors

  • Brilianti Viapita
  • Raihanah Suzan
  • Erny Kusdiyah

Keywords:

Fiber intake, Postprandial Blood Glucose

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) worldwide in 2000 was 177 million people and increased to 194 million people in 2003. Increased blood glucose levels, especially postprandial blood glucose levels play an important role in the pathogenesis of DM. Diet or nutritional therapy plays an important role in postprandial glucose control, one of them is the consumption of high-fiber diets.

Objective: To determine the relationship between between fiber intake and postprandial blood glucose levels. Methods: This study used a literature review approach with a research method scoping review, using ten literatures sourced from search results through the search engine Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and DOAJ according to the inclusion criteria determined by the researcher.

Results: There are 8 literatures show a significant relationship between fiber intake and postprandial blood glucose levels (p value <0.05). Other 2 literatures show no significant relationship between high fiber intake and postprandial blood glucose levels.

Conclusion: Adequate fiber intake has a significant relationship in the reduction of postprandial blood glucose levels in subjects with normal glucose tolerance, glucose intolerance, pre-diabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus with the age range of subjects 18-85 years (p value <0.05)

Keywords: Fiber intake, Postprandial Blood Glucose

 

ABSTRAK

Latar Belakang: Menurut World Health Organization (WHO), jumlah penderita Diabetes Mellitus (DM) di seluruh dunia pada tahun 2000 adalah 177 juta orang dan meningkat menjadi 194 juta orang pada tahun 2003. Peningkatan kadar glukosa darah terutama kadar glukosa darah postprandial berperan penting dalam patogenesis terjadinya DM. Pengaturan pola makan atau terapi nutrisi berperan penting dalam kontrol glukosa postprandial yakni, salah satunya dengan konsumsi makanan tinggi serat.

Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk mengetahui hubungan asupan serat terhadap kadar glukosa darah postprandial.

Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan studi literatur dengan metode penelitian scoping review yang menggunakan sepuluh literatur yang bersumber dari hasil penelusuran melalui search engine Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, dan DOAJ sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi yang sudah ditetapkan peneliti.

Hasil : Sebanyak 8 literatur menunjukan adanya hubungan signifikan antara asupan serat dan kadar glukosa darah postprandial (p value < 0.05). Sebanyak 2 literatur menunjukan tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara tingginya asupan serat terhadap kadar glukosa darah postprandial.

Kesimpulan : Asupan Serat yang cukup memiliki hubungan yang signifikan terhadap penurunan kadar glukosa darah postprandial baik pada subyek dengan toleransi glukosa normal, intoleransi glukosa, pre-diabetes, dan diabetes melitus tipe 2 dengan rentang usia subyek 18-85 tahun (p value < 0.05)

Kata Kunci : Asupan Serat, Glukosa Darah Postprandial

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Published

2021-06-30