Determinants of smallholder teff farmer’s chemical fertilizer technology adoption in Southern Ethiopia, in case of Gena District in Dawro Zone (Heckman Two-Stage Model)

  • Deresse Dalango Department of Economics, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia
  • Tekilu Tadesse Department of Economics, Jimma University, Ethiopia
Keywords: Gena, Heckman two stage, Smallholder, Technology adoption

Abstract

Increasing technology adoption among smallholder farmers has a big potential to uplift living standards of poor through increasing production and consumption pattern. The objective of this study was analyzing determinant of smallholder teff farmer’s chemical fertilizer technology adoption and its intensification in Southern Ethiopia, in case of Gena district in Dawro Zone. The study used data from 180 respondents from four selected teff dominant kebeles of Gena districts in Dawro Zone, through structured questioner. The descriptive statistics and Heckman two stage econometric methods were employed to analyze data collected from sampled household. The significance of coefficient of inverse Mill’s ratio ( ) indicates the presence of selection bias and the effectiveness of applying Heckman two stage model. In the 1st stage of probit regression results of  study show that the adoption decision of chemical fertilizer use were driven by factors such as  farm size, size of family,  family labor, education, access to credit; access to information, distance to near market place. In the second stage, the intensification of chemical fertilizer application was influenced by membership to cooperative, availability of extension service, access to credit, size of farm land, size of family member,  family labor, educational status, sex of head. The policies which expand the accessibility of credit service, dissemination of productive agricultural technology information, and creating opportunity of education for farm house hold has potential to increase the chance of chemical fertilizer adoption decision and strengthen the level of adoption among smallholder farmers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ajayi, O.C., Franzel, S., Kuntashula, E., & Kwesiga, F. (2003). Adoption of improved fallow technology for soil fertility management in Zambia: Empirical studies and emerging issues. Agroforestry Systems, 59(3), 317-326.

Bandiera, O., & I, Rasul. (2005). Social Networks and Technology Adoption in Northern Mozambique.‖ The Economic Journal, 116(514), 869-902.

Bayissa Gedefa. (2014). A double-hurdle approach to modeling of improved teff technologies adoption and intensity use: The case of Diga district of East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia. Global Journal of Environmental Research, 8(3), 41-49.

Beshir, H. (2014). Factors affecting adoption and intensity of use of improved forages in North East Highlands of Ethiopia. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 4(1), 12-27.

Beshir, H., Emana, B., Kassa, B. & Haji, J (2012). Determinants of chemical fertilizer technology adoption in North eastern highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Research in Economics and International Finance (JREIF), 1(2), 39-49.

Byerlee, D., Spielman, D., Dawit, A. & Gautam, M. (2007). Policies to Promote Cereal Intensification in Ethiopia: A review of Evidence and Experience. IFPRI Discussion Paper 00707. Washington, DC.

Challa, M. (2013). Determining Factors and Impacts of Modern Agricultural Technology Adoption in West Wollega, Munich, GRIN Publishing GmbH, Available at: http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/280336/determiningfactors-and-impacts-of-modern-agricultural-technology-adoption.

Cornejo, J. F., & W. D. McBridge. (2002). Adoption of Bioengineered Crops.‖ Agricultural Economic Report No. 810. Washington, DC 20036-583.

Debelo, D. (2015). Analysis of factors influencing adoption of quncho teff: The Case of Wayu Tuqa District. International Journal of African and Asian Studies, 12, 20-28.

Engdawork T. (2009). Understanding Teff: A Review of Supply and Marketing Issues . Ethiopia Commodity Exchange Authority, Addis Ababa.

Feder, G., Just, R.E & Zilberman, D. (1985). Adoption of Agricultural Innovation in Developing Countries: A survey. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 33(2), 255-298

Greene W. H. (2003). Econometric Analysis, Fifth edition. New Jersey, 07458. USA: Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, .

Greene W. H. (2007). Econometric Analysis, sixth edition. New York, 07458. USA: Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River,.

Gujarati D. (1995). Basic Econometrics. Third edition. New York, USA.: McGraw Hill Book Company, Inc.

Heckman J. (1979). Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error. Econometrica, 47, 153-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1912352.

Helder L. (2010). Adoption of Improved Maize And Common Bean Varieties In Mozambique; Michigan State University.

Holden, S. & Lunduka, R. (2012). Do fertilizer subsidies crowd out organic manures? The case of Malawi. Agricultural Economics, 43(3), 303-314.

Ibrahim, A. A., Mustapha, S.B. & Nuhu, S. H. (2012). Effects of Adoption of Rice Production Technologies on Farmers’ Income in Borno State, Nigeria; Department of Agricultural Extension Services, University of, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

International Finance Corporation (IFC). (2013). Working with Smallholders A Handbook for Firms Building Sustainable Supply Chains; World Bank Group. World Bank.

Jain R., Arora A & Raju S. (2009). A Novel Adoption Index of Selected Agricultural Technologies: Linkages with Infrastructure and Productivity: Agricultural Economics Research Review, 22, 109-120.

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). (2012). The development study on the strengthening agricultural marketing system in South Nation Nationalities and Peoples regional state. Oversea Merchandise Inspection CO., LTD.

Kapalasa G.E. (2014). Assessing factors influencing farmers’ adoption of improved soybean varieties in Malawi. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science, 4(6),339-349.

Kothari. (2004). Research Methodology; Methods And Technique; Second Revised Edition. New Age International Publishers

Lavison R. (2013). Factors Influencing the Adoption of Organic Fertilizers in Vegetable Production in Accra, Msc Thesis, Accra Ghana.

Leake, G. & Adam B. (2015). Factors determining allocation of land for improved wheat variety by smallholder farmers of northern Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 7(3),105-112.

Muzari, W. Gatsi, W & Muvhunzi, S. (2012). The Impacts of Technology Adoption on Smallholder Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Review. Journal of Sustainable Development, 5 (8), 69 - 77

Nkonya, E., T. Schroeder & D. Norman,. (1997). Factors affecting adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer in North Tanzania. Indian j. Agri.econ. 48(1),1-12.

Nowak PJ. (1987). The adoption of conservation technologies: Economic and Diffusion explanations. Rural social, 42, 208-220.

Ogada, M.J. (2013). Essays on Farm Technology Adoption, Technical Efficiency and Productivity In Smallholder Food Crop Agriculture In Kenya: Kenyatta University.

Ogada, M.J., Nyangena, W. & Yesuf, M. (2010). Production Risk and Farm Technology Adoption in Rain-fed Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics (AfJARE), 4(2), 1-16.

Ray G.L. (2001). Extension communication and management. Second Edition. Naya Prokash, Calcutta

Sebatta, C., Mugisha, J. Katungi, E., Kashaaru, A. & Kyomugisha, H. (2014). Smallholder Farmers’ Decision and Level of Participation in the Potato Market in Uganda. Modern Economy, 5(8), 895-906. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/me. 2014.58082.

Susie Teshome. (2017). Determinants of Adoption of Improved Teff Varieties by Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Kobo District, North Wollo Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia: Msc Thesis Haramaya University, Haramaya.

Tesfaye Ermias. (2013). Adoption of improved sorghum varieties and farmers’ varietal trait preference: The case of Kobo District, North Wolo Zone, Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.

United Nation Environment Program(UNEF). (2013). Smallholders, food security, and the environment. the International Fund for Agricultural Development(IFAD) .

World Bank. (2008). Millennium Development Goals. Retrieved on 22rd Nov, 2012 from www.worldBank.org/mdgs/poverty-hunger.html.

Published
2019-11-10
How to Cite
Dalango, D., & Tadesse, T. (2019). Determinants of smallholder teff farmer’s chemical fertilizer technology adoption in Southern Ethiopia, in case of Gena District in Dawro Zone (Heckman Two-Stage Model). Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan Dan Pembangunan Daerah, 7(2), 111 - 126. https://doi.org/10.22437/ppd.v7i2.7786