Jurnal Siginjai 2021-06-11T00:00:00+07:00 Jurnal Siginjai (JS) Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Jurnal Siginjai</strong> adalah jurnal peer-reviewed dan open access pada Bidang Sejarah yang dipublikasikan oleh Program Studi Ilmu Sejarah, Jurusan Sejarah, Seni, Budaya, Sosial dan Arkeologi, Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Jambi. Didedikasikan untuk publikasi hasil penelitian yang berkualitas dalam rangka memperkuat identitas bangsa.</p> KH. Abdul Karim Djamak: Pendiri Dan Peletak Dasar Ajaran Jam’iyyatul Islamiyah 1926-1996 2021-01-27T15:46:44+07:00 Muhammad Nur Ilham Supian <p><em>In this journal discusses the journey of Islamic religious figures from Kerinci named KH. Abdul Karim Djamak in spreading the teachings of Islam according to his understanding is based on the Quran and Hadith. But with a background religious knowledge that is considered inadequate makes its teachings viewed deviate from the general or even be said to be misguided by some people. From Abdul Karim Djamak and his followers considered the allegations is a reason used to stop that study they do it because it has disturbed the scholars who are fighting for its influence there.</em></p> <p><em>From the results of the research obtained, the teachings taught by Abdul Karim Djamak in his studies is how to combine between the Shari'ah, ma'rifa, tarikat, and enlightenment to his students but not all of them fully understand the level so that his teachings are vulnerable to deviations among his followers. The perverted stigma that has been attached from the beginning.</em></p> <p><em>The study led by Abdul Karim Djamak continued until the figure founded a religious organization called Jam'iyyatul Islamiyah which is affiliated with Golkar. Various efforts are made to obtain recognition from the public, including by officially registering the organization, asks guidance to the Indonesian Ulema Council to rectify deviations, to join national figures to join the organization. All efforts are in do not successfully completely eliminate all accusations, even up to the main figure, Abdul Karim Djamak died.</em></p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Siginjai Pelabuhan Udara Paal Merah Dalam Agresi Militer Belanda Di Jambi tahun 1947-1950 2021-01-28T01:15:33+07:00 Wahyu Zamzami Nelly Indrayani <p><em>The existence of air transportation cannot be separated from human life that supports politics and defense and security. The Paal Merah Jambi airport has been around since 1933 and is a symbol of the transportation revolution of the Jambi area. Dutch military aggression I and II helped drag Paal Merah into conflict by using it as one of the entrances to control Jambi and as an important transportation asset. On the other hand, during military aggression the Jambi government had planned to build an airline but failed. This study aims to determine the history and role of the Paal Merah Jambi airport during the Dutch military aggression. The research method used in this research is historical methods, consisting of heuristics, source criticism, interpretation and historiography. Through this method, it shows that the construction of Paal Merah Jambi airport is influenced by the need for efficient transportation for communication and defense. However, over time it has begun to penetrate the economic sector through commercial flights.</em></p> <p><em>The construction of the Paal Merah Jambi airport is indeed influenced by economic, social and political backgrounds. In its historical development, Paal Merah Jambi airport is an important aircraft transit place for domestic and international flights. In addition, this place also provides aircraft refueling, which is no longer found.</em></p> 2021-01-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Siginjai Kehidupan Buruh Perkebunan Teh Kayu Aro Tahun 1925 – 1943 2021-01-28T06:24:46+07:00 Agustin Putri Lestari Nirwan Il Yasin <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Garamond','serif'; color: black;">The purpose of this paper is to examine the development of plantations and the lives of workers in the Kayu Aro tea plantation, which is one of the largest tea plantations in Indonesia. Focus discussion lies in the life of&nbsp; Kayu Aro tea plantation workers using a socio-economic approach.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0in; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Garamond','serif'; color: black;">The results of this study indicate socio-economic conditions of&nbsp; Kayu Aro tea plantation workers who are mostly imported from Java because of&nbsp; difficulty of finding workers around the plantation, which was once an uninhabited forest, has differences, especially with plantations in East Sumatra, which is an area with a community of workers&nbsp; from Java which is huge. This difference is influenced by the location of the plantation, time or period, government policies, company management and the environment. Kayu Aro tea plantation was founded in 1925 by NV.HVA (<em>Namlodse Venotchaaf Handel Vereniging Amsterdam). </em>&nbsp;Kayu Aro tea plantation was planned by NV.HVA to be the largest and widest tea plantation in its time so that everything that supports the plan is well prepared.&nbsp; Kayu Aro tea plantation workers in the colonial period received high wages and had good relations with plantation management making the labor situation better than plantation workers in East Sumatra</span><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; color: black;">.</span></p> 2021-01-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Siginjai Pemikiran Syamsulwatir Dalam Perkembangan Pers Kota Jambi Tahun 1950-1990 2021-01-28T07:00:33+07:00 Lidia Triastuti Abdurahman <p><em>This study was motivated by the presence of Syamsulwatir as a press figure from West Sumatra when the scarcity of newspapers in Jambi city began in the New Order era when compared to the previous era. The focus of this research is to examine the life history of Syamsulwatir, Syamsulwatir's thoughts and the impact of Syamsulwatir's thoughts on the history of the press in the city of Jambi. The purpose of writing this study is the development process of Syamsulwatir's thought, to obtain an overview of the ideas behind each of Syamsulwatir's thought activities. This research method uses the critical historical method which is carried out through the heuristic stage, source criticism, analysis and interpretation, and historiography. From the findings, Syamsulwatir as a press figure was greatly influenced by the socio-cultural and educational conditions he experienced. The style of struggle for thought and Syamsulwatir's very prominent role was the establishment of the weekly newspaper Independent. This style of struggle is greatly influenced by the conditions in which he lives, namely the city of Jambi. One of the most significant things from Syamsulwatir for the Jambi area is the concept of thinking in the development of the press. Syamsulwatir's presence revived the press in the city of Jambi</em>.</p> 2021-01-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Siginjai Dinamika Masyarakat Transmigrasi Rimbo Ilir Kabupaten Tebo Tahun 1978-2016 2021-01-28T07:23:05+07:00 Krismonita Sandi Irhas Fansuri Mursal Fatonah <p>Rimbo Ilir transmigration settlement was opened for the first time in 1978. This transmigration area is a residential area for transmigrants originating from Wonogiri Regency. This study aims to determine the process of entering the transmigration community in Rimbo Ilir District, Tebo Regency, the dynamics of the transmigration community in Rimbo Ilir and the development of the socio-economic life of the Javanese transmigrant community in Rimbo Ilir District. This study used a historical research method consisting of four steps, namely collection of sources, source criticism, interpretation and historiography. Sources that are widely used in this study are oral sources because the perpetrator is still there and allows him to be interviewed.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The results showed that the transmigrants who came were Bedol Desa transmigrants who came from Wonogiri Regency. The background of the arrival of the transmigrants was that their area was inundated by the construction of the Gajah Mungkur Reservoir and to improve economic life by opening new land. Since the arrival of the transmigrants, their socio-economic life has grown rapidly because of the rapid development of rubber plants and the price is quite expensive, the harvest period is relatively fast and the risk of loss is minimal, making the economic situation of the transmigration community gradually improved.</p> 2021-01-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Siginjai Migrasi Suku Batak Toba ke Kota Jambi 1961-2018 2021-01-28T08:07:55+07:00 Devi Elisabeth Silaban Denny Defrianti <p>This study aims to determine to the early history of the entry of the Toba Batak tribe to the city of Jambi from 1961-2018, the development of migration of the Toba Batak tribe in the city of Jambi from 1961-2018, and how the impact of the migration of the Toba Batak tribe to the city of Jambi 1961-2018. This research is a historical research which consist of four stages, namely heuristic (finding and gathering information relevant to the research). In data collection, researches conducted field research by observing, interviewing, and conducting library research by collecting books, documents, articles, and the like of it. Second, verification (sources critism), examining whether the sources is genuine, both in form and in content. Third, interpretation (interpreting or giving meaning to the facts or historical evidence. The las step is historiography (writing history).</p> <p>The background of the Toba Batak tribe to migrate to the city of Jambi is to change fortunes to the better. Toba Batak tribe is a tribe that has a strong culture of migrating. In the area of origin, the agricultur area is very limited and less fertile. As a result, to develop yourself is even more difficult. In the city of Jambi, the Toba Batak tribe still voiced 3H (Hamoraon, Hagabeon, dan Hasangapon). And 3H becomes their capital to migrate to the city of Jambi.</p> 2021-01-28T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Siginjai