https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/issue/feed Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis 2020-04-06T05:54:13+07:00 rikky Herdiyansyah rikky@unja.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-ekonomika BIsnis -In english translate to Journal Agriculture of economy is a scientific journal that publishes various original research articles and review (by invitation) about n socio economy, including agribusiness and food information and regulation. This journal is an official publication of Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Jambi Agricultural University Indonesia, published since 2010. It is published regularly 2 times a year (in January, and July)</p> <p><img src="/public/site/images/rikkyfaperta/Screen_Shot_2019-04-08_at_7.47_.42_AM_.png"></p> <p>pISSN: <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180428885&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1412-8241</a> <a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1525149681&amp;1&amp;&amp;" target="_blank" rel="noopener">eISSN : 2621-1246</a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8698 FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI JERUK SIAM DI DESA BUNGA TANJUNG KECAMATAN BETARA KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG BARAT 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Muhammad Wahyu Saputra ws.d1b013005@gmail.com Aprollita Aprollita aprollita@unja.ac.id Arsyad Lubis arsyadlubis@unja.ac.id <p><em>This study aims to know: (1) The use of production factors at Orange Siam farm in Bunga Tanjung Village, Betara SubDistrict, Tanjung Jabung Barat District. (2) what factors influencing orange Siam production in Bunga Tanjung Village, Betara District, Tanjung Jabung Barat District. Sampling is done with Proportional Area Random Sampling Method. Analysis of the effect used is multiple linear regression with Ftest, Ttest, R2, and classical assumption test. the results of the analysis obtained value of R2 of 0.935, which means 93.5% change in the production variables orange Siam in Desa Bunga Tanjung can be explained by all independent variables used in the model. In t-test of variable of land area (X1) capital (X2), labor (X3) and farmer age (X4) have significant and significant effect to the production of Siam orange but the variable of labor (X3) is not significant. The classical assumption test states the distribution of normal data and does not occur multicolonierity, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation. Based on this, the area of land (X1), capital (X2), labor (X3) and farmer age (X4) together have a significant effect on the production of Siamese oranges</em></p> 2020-02-06T19:09:23+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8699 ANALISIS KOMPARASI PENDAPATAN USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DAN KELAPA SAWIT DI KECAMATAN GERAGAI KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Junita Trista Purba junitatrista@gmail.com Dompak Napitupulu Dompak@unja.ac.id Yusma Damayanti Yusmadamayanti@unja.ac.id <p><em>This study is aimed to: (1) know the amount of farming costs, revenues and income of rice and oil palm in Geragai Subdistrict, East Tanjung Jabung Regency, and (2) know whether there is any differences in farming costs, revenues and income of wetland rice and oil palm in Geragai District, Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency. This study uses a survey method.&nbsp; Sample is selected by using&nbsp; Cluster Random Sampling method, and the number of samples is determined by using Slovin Method. The study was conducted in Lagan Ulu Village, Geragai District, East Tanjung Jabung Regency. Data were analyzed by using student t-test. The results showed that the costs, revenues, and income between rice farming and oil palm farming differed from one another. The income difference between the two farms is caused by differences in the use of production facilities and labor. The average rice farming income was Rp. 13,695,683 while the average oil palm farming income was Rp. 16,121,672.</em></p> 2020-02-06T19:18:40+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8700 PENGARUH HARGA KARET TERHADAP PRODUKSI PERKEBUNAN KARET DI PROVINSI JAMBI 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Alfredo Fransfali Haloho junitatrista1@gmail.com Armen Mara armen@unja.ac.id Yusma Damayanti Yusmadamayanti@unja.ac.id <p><em>This research was conducted to determine the development of rubber production and rubber prices in Jambi&nbsp; Province and to determine the effect of bokar prices, Sir 20 and world prices on rubber production in Jambi&nbsp; Province. The data used is time series from 1990 - 2016. The analytical method used is multiple linear regression. The results showed that the production and price of farmers at farm level, the price of sir 20 and world prices in Jambi Province in the period 1990 - 2016 fluctuated with the average growth rate of each of which was 96% of production, the price of farmers at 543%, sir 20 prices are 52.4% and world prices are 44%.The Cobb Douglas production function is used to determine the effect of farmer-level bokar prices, sir 20 prices and world rubber prices as independent variables. The results of the analysis show that only the farmer-level bokar price has a significance level below 0.05, that is 0.0013, this farmer-level bokar price is one that has a significant effect on rubber production because the farmer-level bokar prices are quickly known by farmers, while the price of sir 20 and world prices are generally only industries that know about it, so farmers only follow the benchmark of the farmer-level bokar price. These rubber plants are generally plants that are ready to produce at any time unlike oil palm and food crops, oil palm takes 14 days to be harvested and food crops can be harvested for only once every four months. Therefore, when the price of bokar rises, farmers will tap their rubber trees more often because they can immediately feel the results of their work.</em></p> 2020-02-06T19:25:57+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8701 ANALISIS EFISIENSI EKONOMIS PENGGUNAAN FAKTOR PRODUKSI USAHATANI PADI ORGANIK DI DESA SIMBUR NAIK KECAMATAN MUARA SABAK TIMUR KABUPATEN TANJUNG JABUNG TIMUR 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Rian Frendy Sidauruk rianfrendysidaurukfamily@gmail.com Adlaida Malik adlaida.malik@unja.ac.id Yanuar Fitri yanuarfitri@unja.ac.id <p><em>Organic rice farming is a farming that cannot be separated in relation with use of factors that affect production. In order achieve high production, then the production factor used must be optimized. This research aimed to know (i) the general overview of organic rice farming in Simbur&nbsp; Naik village,&nbsp; sub-district of Muara Sabak Timur, Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency. (ii) To determine the effect of&nbsp; productions factors on production on organic rice in Simbur&nbsp; Naik village,&nbsp; sub-district of Muara Sabak Timur, Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency, (iii) To analyze the economic efficiency of the use of production factors on the production of organic rice farming in Simbur&nbsp; Naik village,&nbsp; sub-district of Muara Sabak Timur, Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency. This reserach was done from Agustus 30th to September 19th 2017. Production function of Cobb&nbsp; Douglas was used to to know the effect of&nbsp; of the use of seed production factor, manure, Petrobios fertilizer, liquid organic fertilizer, urine pesticide, and labor as independent variables. Economic efficiency was used to evaluate the use of production factors. The data were obtained from 48 selected respondents by using census method. This reserach show that (i) in doing farming business, the farmer in Simbur Naik village could only carry out the rice cultivation process once a year and they used organic fertilizer as used in organic farming generally, namely manure or farmers also used petrobios fertilizer and liquid organic pertilizer.</em></p> 2020-02-06T19:36:22+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8702 EVALUASI PROSEDUR DAN TEKNIS PENANGKARAN BENIH PADI DI DESA SENANING KECAMATAN PEMAYUNG KABUPATEN BATANG HARI 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Rissa Fitriyani rianfrendysidaurukfamilya@gmail.com Saad Murdy saadmurdy@unja.ac.id Fendria Sativa fendriasativa@unja.ac.id <p><em>This research is aimed at: (1) Evaluating the level of performance and importance of procedure and technical of breeding of rice seed (2) Identifying the implementation of procedure and technical of breeding of rice seed. The study was conducted on September to October in deliberate deliberation (purposive) and the number of samples in the study were 33 farmers. The data used are primary and secondary data. Data analysis method used is descriptive analysis and IPA analysis method (importen perfomenc analysis). The results showed that the level of harmonious interests and performance: (a) land preparation of 98.5%, (b) maintenance of 96.88%, (c) 80.28% tile method, (d) harvest and seed processing 99.73% (e) 98.47% of storage means that in implementing the procedure and technical breeder of paddy seed attribute the level of its under 100% equity and attributes of which the level of the harmonious of interest and performance above 100% are: (f) sorting and (h) selection or roguing of 102.5%, observed variables (i) equal to 118.10%, and (j) packing 103.44% %. The interest-performance matrix classifies attributes into four quadrants, namely quadrant I, quadrant II, quadrant III and quadrant IV, attribute in quadrant II: (a) maintenance, (b) harvest (c) seed processing, attribute in quadrant III: ( d) sorting and seed treatment, (e) land preparation, (f) selection or roguing, (g) observed variables, (h) manner of tiling, (i) packaging and storage. The attribute yag is in quadrant IV: (j) planting.</em></p> 2020-02-06T19:59:05+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8703 ANALISIS GANGGUAN (NOISE) DALAM PROSES KOMUNIKASI DENGAN PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI PADI SAWAH DI DESA PENAPALAN KECAMATAN TENGAH ILIR KABUPATEN TEBO 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Pitria Matuzzahara pitria.matuzzahara@gmail.com Idris Sardi idrissardi008@yahoo.com Pera Nurfathiya peranur@unja.ac.id <p><em>This study was aimed to find out: (1) the noise in process of communication towards the rice technology application in Penapalan Village Tengah Ilir Sub-district. (2) the level of rice technology application in Penapalan Village Tengah Ilir Sub-district. (3) relationship between noise in process of communication with the rice technology application in Penapalan Village Tengah Ilir Sub-district. This research was conducted from September - October 2017 in Penapalan Village Tengah Ilir Sub-district. The location was determined purposively with criteria farmer who apply the rice technology and who accept aid from goverment. The number of samples in the study were 70 farmers. The data used are primary data and secondary data. Data analysis method used was descriptive analysis with scoring and rank spearman analysis. The research showed the noise inprocess of communication were: technical disorders, semantic disorders, and psychological disorders. The level of rice technology application was high (77,14%). In addition it also found there was a relationship between the noise in process of communication with the rice technology application.</em></p> 2020-02-06T20:18:06+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8704 ANALISIS EFISIENSI EKONOMI PENGGUNAAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR PRODUKSI PADA USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DI KECAMATAN JANGKAT KABUPATEN MERANGIN PROVINSI JAMBI 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Rini Oktavia rinioktavia1995@gmail.com Emy Kernalis emykernalis@unja.ac.id Riri Oktari Ulma riribae@unja.ac.id <p><em>This research was conducted with the aim to analyze the economic efficiency of the use of production factors on rice farming in District of Jangkat Regency Merangin&nbsp; Jambi Province. Site selection was done deliberately with the consideration that the District of Jangkat is the district with the second largest rice field production in Merangin District so it is also one of the rice farming centers in Merangin District. Sampling method using the methods of simple random sampling with a respondent as much as 57 number of farmers. Data analysis using the method of multiple linear regression analysis and efficiency analysis with SPSS application. Production factors such as land area, labor, seed, fertilizers also eradication of pests and plant diseases used by farmers are suspected not yet economically efficient. The results showed that there are 4 factors with the error rate (5%) contributing significantly to the rice production, the spesific factor is land area, seeds, fertilizers and eradication of pests and plant diseases . This proves that the factor of labor does not significantly affect to the rice production. Meanwhile the value of Economic Efficiency of paddy rice farming is 0,85 which means the use of production factor of paddy field farming in District of Jangkat not efficient economically.</em></p> 2020-02-06T20:37:06+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8705 ANALISIS DAYA SAING KOMODITAS KAYU MANIS JAMBI (Pendekatan Policy Analysis Matrix) 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Sukris Nopi sukrisnopii@gmail.com Suandi suandi@unja.ac.id Zakky Fathoni zakky@unja.ac.id <p><em>The purposes of the study are : (1) to tind out general description of cinnamon farming Jambi,(2) to find out the comvetitiveness of cinnamon farming Jambi,(3) to find out impact the government policy toward output, input, input-output of cinnamon farming Jambi. Desaign of research is cross sectional. This research held in Gunung Raya District Kerinci, with total sample as much 82 farmers. Analysis method used approach Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM). The result of research indicate in the cinnamon farming is already in accordance with predetermined standards and intensification is needed on cinnamon farming.The cinnamon farming in the research area has competitive our the value Domestic Resource Cost Ratio (DRCR), and&nbsp; value of Private Cost Ratio (PCR) are less than one, 0,6735 and 0,6845 consequently. Throught PAM result, the impact of government policy in the output, input, input-output that the producer receives a price less than the price that should be received, subsidy and government protection against foreign input used, where as policy government toward input-output not effectively where is the profits obtained by farmers are smaller social benefits, so that farmers spent production costs greater than social costs used.</em></p> 2020-02-06T20:45:29+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8706 ANALISIS EFISIENSI FAKTOR-FAKTOR PRODUKSI USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DALAM PROGRAM UPSUS PAJALE DI KECAMATAN SEKERNAN KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI 2020-02-06T21:13:03+07:00 Liony Maris Stella Sinaga Marisstellaliony@yahoo.com Elwamendri elwamendri@unja.ac.id Emy Kernalis emykernalis@unja.ac.id <p><em>This study aims to determine (1) the effect of the use of production factors on the production of lowland rice farming in the Upsus Pajale and non Upsus programs and (2) the efficiency of the use of production factors on the production of lowland rice farming in the Upsus Pajale and non Upsus programs. To determine the effect of the use of production factors on the amount of rice production, Regression Analysis method is used. For technical efficiency the use of production factors in lowland rice farming is used in the Productivity Function model. This study took three sample villages, namely Sekernan Village, Pulau Kayu Aro Village, and Tunas Mudo Village which was determined purposively and the sampling of farmers using the Simple random sampling method. The results of this study indicate that the use of seed inputs, urea fertilizer, SP36 fertilizer, decis, round up, labor and land area together influence the production of rice farming. The factors of production that significantly affect the production (output) of the Upsus Pajale and non Upsus farmers are seeds, urea fertilizer, SP36 fertilizer, decis, and land area. The average value of technical efficiency in Upsus Pajale program farmers is 0.62 and for non-Upsus farmers is 0.29. This means that the level of efficiency of the Upsus program farmers is higher than that of non-Upsus farmers. The use of production factors in Upsus program farmers has been efficient while non Upsus farmers have not been efficient.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> 2020-02-06T20:51:45+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8707 FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI HARGA TBS PETANI SAWIT SWADAYA DI PROVINSI JAMBI 2020-03-09T23:07:52+07:00 Zulkifli Alamsyah zalamsyah@unja.ac.id Dompak Napitupulu dompaknapitupulu@unja.ac.id Ernawati Hamid ernawati@unja.ac.id Mirawati Yanita mira@unja.ac.id Gina Fauziah Gina@unja.ac.id <p><em>Smallholder plantations play an important role in oil palm development in Jambi Province with a contribution of 70.47 percent to the total area and 57.10 to total palm oil production. Most of the smallholder plantations are self-managed which do not get technical guidance from both the government and the private sector. Therefore various problems are found in independent smallholders, one of which is the discrimination of the price of fresh fruit bunches (FFB) produced by independent smallholders. Price discrimination does not only occur between independent smallholders and plasma farmers, but also occurs between independent smallholders. Data were collected from 240 respondents spread across 12 villages in 3 districts of palm oil production centers. Data were analyzed by quantitative descriptive method and using multiple linear regression analysis models. The results of the study concluded that there were differences in prices around Rp. 300 to Rp. 500 per kg of FFB between prices received by independent smallholders and prices received by plasma farmers and among independent smallholders. The price difference is significantly influenced by the quality factor of the seeds used, the amount of fertilizer use, the experience of farmers in farming and the marketing channels used.</em></p> 2020-02-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8708 ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PRODUKSI USAHATANI PADI SAWAH PROGRAM UPSUS PAJALE DI KECAMATAN KUMPEH ULU 2020-03-09T23:15:00+07:00 Arni Widya Sari arniwidyasari91@gmail.com Edison edison@unja.ac.id Dewi Sri Nurchaini dewisri@unja.ac.id <p><em>Kumpeh Ulu subdistrict is one of the centers of rice production in Muaro Jambi district that follows the Upsus Pajale program. This research aims to (1) determine the effect of land area, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and labor on the production of Upsus program and Non Upsus rice field in Kumpeh Ulu subdistrict (2) knowing the effect of Upsus Pajale on increasing rice production in the Kumpeh Ulu subdistrict. The research location was chosen intentionally (purposive) in the village of Pudak and Teluk Raya village. The number of samples was calculated by Slovin method and obtained as many as 76 farmers of paddy rice consisting of 38 program Upsus farmers and 38 non Upsus farmers. Selecting the sample was used by simple random sampling method. The analysis in this research used Cobb-Douglas analysis and Chow test. The results showed that the Upsus and Non Upsus program that affected production factors included a land area of 0.18%, seeds of 0.42%, Urea fertilizer of 0.41%, SP36 fertilizer of 0.09%, pesticides of 0.28% and dummy variables of 0.02%. While labor production factors did not significantly affect the production of rice Upsus and Non Upsus program. The results of the comparison test of the Upsus program and Non Upsus production function models were not significantly different. While the results of the comparative test of the combined Upsus program and Non Upsus production function model without dummy with the combined Upsus program and Non Upsus (dummy) production function model were significantly diferrent from f count of 6,919 greater than f table. This meant that there was a Upsus Pajale program effect on the increase in rice production in the research area where Upsus program production was 3.986 kg/ha higher than the Non Upsus production was 2.829 kg/ha.</em></p> 2020-02-06T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/jseb/article/view/8709 STRATEGI KOMUNIKASI DALAM MENINGKATKAN DAYA SAING KELEMBAGAAN USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DI KABUPATEN BATANG HARI 2020-04-06T05:54:13+07:00 Fuad Muchlis Fuadm@unja.ac.id Jamaluddin jamaluddin@unja.ac.id Siti Kurniasih siti@unja.ac.id <p><em>Kumpeh Ulu subdistrict is one of the centers of rice production in Muaro Jambi district that follows the Upsus Pajale program. This research aims to (1) determine the effect of land area, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and labor on the production of Upsus program and Non Upsus rice field in Kumpeh Ulu subdistrict (2) knowing the effect of Upsus Pajale on increasing rice production in the Kumpeh Ulu subdistrict. The research location was chosen intentionally (purposive) in the village of Pudak and Teluk Raya village. The number of samples was calculated by Slovin method and obtained as many as 76 farmers of paddy rice consisting of 38 program Upsus farmers and 38 non Upsus farmers. Selecting the sample was used by simple random sampling method. The analysis in this research used Cobb-Douglas analysis and Chow test</em></p> 2020-02-06T21:10:20+07:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis