IRJE |Indonesian Research Journal in Education| <p><em>IRJE (Indonesian Research Journal in Education)</em> provides a vital forum for exchanging ideas in order to enrich the theory, policy, and practice of education in Indonesia and around the world. IRJE is a biannual, open access, peer-reviewed, and international e-journal, published in Indonesia. We accept unpublished, high quality, and original research manuscripts in English, resulting primarily from quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methodology related to or associated with education. IRJE is published 2 times per year by Universitas Jambi. All research articles appearing in IRJE have undergone a thoroughly blind&nbsp; peer-review.</p> <p>Publishing in <strong>IRJE</strong> is free of charges.</p> en-US <p>After the manuscript is accepted for publication, authors will be required to sign a copyright transfer form. Copyright will be transferred to Jambi University, the Graduate School, Doctoral Program in Education, via e-mail. A copyright form will be sent to you via e-mail after the accepted manuscript has been submitted.</p> (Amirul Mukminin) (Akhmad Habibi) Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0700 OJS 60 Managing Quantity or Quality? Students’ Voices for English Subject in the National Standardized Exam <p>The issue of quality is always a significant one and it will continue to be one of the predominant points of debate in education. Through a qualitative method, this study aimed to explore the experiences and the meaning that senior high school students faced in the national standardized exam for English subject. The data were collected by demographic background questionnaire and in-depth interviews with fifteen participants. The demographic data were analyzed descriptively, while the interviews were analyzed by within-case and cross-case analyses. The results of the data analysis revealed several themes such as cheating as bad consequences in the national standardized exam, it is&nbsp; like a yearly educational festival and formality, sharpening&nbsp; students memories, spending much money and time for English extra classes, dishonesty: spreading the key answer illegally, teachers more focus on the national exam, it is like a symbol of government power. Recommendations for taking some actions regarding the effect of the national standardized exam are offered.</p> FRIDIYANTO, MARZUL HIDAYAT Copyright (c) 2020 IRJE |Indonesian Research Journal in Education| Mon, 29 Jun 2020 11:13:47 +0700 The Development of the Basic Obstetric Ultrasound Learning Media for Undergraduate Medical Students <p>Current medical education curriculum refers to the Indonesian Medical Doctor’s Standard of Competence &nbsp;2012. Competencies are detailed in seven general areas of competence to be achieved by medical students. Clinical skills mastery is an important element determining the quality of professionalism of medical higher education graduates. The Indonesian medical doctor’s standard of competence places the mastery of basic obstetric ultrasound examination in 4<sup>th</sup> level of competence; it means that graduates should able to independently perform this skill in primary health care. Teaching basic obstetric ultrasound skills for undergraduate medical students should be incorporated into curriculums. This study was focused on the development of learning media in the form of guide book and video related to the basic obstetric ultrasound examination and its influence in improving student’s knowledge of basic obstetric examination skills. A quantitative method used to see the effectiveness of the learning media that we developed. Twenty one under graduate medical students who undertook clinical rotation in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology participated in this study through completing the pre-post student’s questionnaires to assess the students' knowledge before and after the delivery of learning media. The collected data were analyzed with computer program; Means and Standard Deviation were calculated as descriptive parameters. Parametric tests were used to test the hypotheses. The pre-post results were compared using Wilcoxon test. The results showed a significant difference in the score of pretest and posttest. There was an increase in the average score of pretest and post test students after obtaining the teaching media and clinical supervision. The value of each individual was also increased. In the analysis with the Wilcoxon statistical test showed significant differences which means there were improving on student’s knowledge of basic obstetric examination skills after the delivery of guide book and video. The use of teaching media in the form of basic obstetric ultrasound module and video contributed to positive results to improve the student’s knowledge.</p> HERLAMBANG, AMELIA DWI FITRI, ANGGELIA PUSPASARI, NYIMAS NATASHA AYU SHAFIRA, SUSAN TARAWIFA Copyright (c) 2020 IRJE |Indonesian Research Journal in Education| Mon, 29 Jun 2020 09:58:00 +0700 Learning Resource Development: An Online-Based Learning for Indonesian Teachers <p>The purpose of this study was to develop an online-based learning resource for Indonesian language teachers. The development step started with the identification of learning objectives, learning process, analysis of learning resources and environments, formulation of specific objectives, design of assessment instruments and&nbsp; learning strategies, selection and development of teaching materials, design and evaluation of formative development projects, and making of good terms. The findings showed that the formative evaluations by experts showed the agreements of 89.23% from educational technology experts, 97.50% from material experts, and 90.00% from multimedia experts. The agreements informed that the online-based learning could be recommended for Indonesian language teachers. Furthermore, the average results of individual trials were 89.21%, small group trials (97.13%), and field trials (89.04%). The online-based learning resource established in this research and development study was feasible and useable. Implications of the findings are also discussed.</p> SOFYAN SOFYAN, DAMERIA SINAGA, RUBIATI RUBIATI Copyright (c) Sat, 06 Jun 2020 08:02:38 +0700 Investigating the Plights of Nigerians in Diaspora: A Case Study of Nigerians Studying in Malaysian Universities <p>In view of researchers’ personal experiences and report on numerous problems of Nigerians in diaspora, this study investigates the plights of Nigerians in diaspora with specific focus on Nigerians studying in Malaysian universities. In order to select participants for the study stratified, purposive and convenience sampling techniques were used to select 10 Nigerian students from three Malaysian universities, namely Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM), Universiti Malaya (UM) and Insaniah University College. Instrument used to collect data from the participants include interview and observation. Specifically, observation method was used to complement the interviews findings. Our findings revealed that Nigerians are faced with numerous challenges, which include apathetic attitude of Nigerian embassy in Malaysia, lack of part-time job opportunities, high exchange rate and visa issue. Also, our findings suggest solutions to the problems of Nigerians in Malaysia. They include quick response to students’ challenges by the Nigerian embassy, availability of part-time job opportunities for Nigerians and other international students and issuance of 2 years visa. The study recommends that Nigerian embassy in Malaysia should have a comprehensive list of Nigerians schooling in various Malaysian institutions with a view to enable them to have an accurate data of their citizens. By doing so, the embassy will be able to use the data to attend to students’ requests at all times. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> YUSUF SULEIMAN, KAWULEY MIKAIL IBRAHIM Copyright (c) Mon, 01 Jun 2020 11:02:07 +0700 The Extent of Principals’ Empowerment and Their Functions towards Management of Public Elementary Schools <p>This study examined the relationship between the extent of empowerment of public elementary school principals and their functions towards school management in the District of Aliaga, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. 18 public elementary principals/school heads were involved. Anchored on Zimmerman’s (2000) empowerment theory, both process and outcomes-based empowerment had been carefully assessed. This lens provided principles and framework in looking at processes such as individual action and engagement activities within a particular social context.&nbsp; Survey questionnaire was used involving statements measured through Likert scale. With a six-month period of data gathering, Pearson r was utilized in the analysis.&nbsp; Results revealed that instructional (r=.408,<em> p</em>&nbsp;&lt;0.01) and administrative empowerments (r=.776, <em>p</em>&nbsp;&lt;0.01) established highly significant relationships with school safety and orderliness, opportunities to learn, time on task and instructional leadership respectively. Recommendations on sustainability of quality instruction in relation to school-based management are further taken into account as these might likewise impact the teaching and learning process to enhancing the identity of instructional leadership.</p> PAULA ANJELICA P. RIVERA, FLORANTE P. IBARRA Copyright (c) Sun, 31 May 2020 20:46:46 +0700