Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>ISSN Online: 2355-8520</strong><br> <strong>ISSN Print: 2338-4603</strong><br>Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah&nbsp; (The &nbsp;Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development) is focused on publishing both theoretical and empirical papers in all areas economics, regional financing, and regional development. Using a wide range of research methods including statistical analysis, case studies, field research, articles examine significant research questions from a broad range of perspectives.<br>The Journal is published four times a year i.e. the period I January- March, the period II April - June, Period III July - September, and the period IV October - December</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:<br><br></p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/" target="_new">Creative Commons Attribution License</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> </ol> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol type="a"> <ol type="a"> <li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> </ol> </ol> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ol type="a"> <li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.</li> </ol> junaidi@unja.ac.id (Junaidi Junaidi) junaidi@unja.ac.id (Junaidi Junaidi) Sun, 04 Mar 2018 03:25:51 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Factors that influence the increase of Eucheuma cottonii Seaweed farmers’ income in Bantaeng, South Sulawesi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4649 <p>Seaweed is one of the marine production that authentically potential to be increased its production in quantity and quality. In economic side, it is not only for country’s foreign exchange earnings but also for a source of income to the seaweed farmers. The aims of research were to elaborate the influencing use of seed, number of labor, and farming experience on seaweed production in Bantaeng Regency and to analyze the influencing production to the farmers’ income. The research was conducted in Bantaeng Regency and the data were obtained through observation and structured interview. The samples were selected purposively consisting of 94 seaweed farmers using cobb-douglas and simple linear regression analysis. The results of the research indicated that; (a) regression coefficient variable in use of seed had influence to the increased of seaweed production but regression coefficient variable number of labor didn’t have to influence to increased seaweed production. For regression coefficient variable of farming experience also had influence to the increased seaweed production.Cobb-Douglas analysis indicated that production function in factors use of seed, number of labor and farming experience had&nbsp; significantly affected to the seaweed production. In simple linear regression analysis, regression coefficient of seaweed production variable explained if seaweed production increases, farmers’ income would be increase too. <br><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em> : Seaweed, Cobb-Douglas, Production, Farmers’ Income.</em></p> Rusni Fitri Y. Rusman, Ikawati Karim, Ariady Arsal ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4649 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 03:02:13 +0700 Study of the potential expansion of new rice fields in Central Maluku District to support food security in Maluku Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4650 <p>Maluku province is one of the Islands in Indonesia. Seram island is one of the largest islands in the Maluku province lies the Central Maluku Regency. Central Maluku district is one of the priorities regions in the development of paddy fields in the province of Maluku. According to the BPS Maluku province in the year 2015, Government Maluku province was only able to meet the needs of 58% of the rice. Fulfillment needs rice is one of the Government's efforts in food self-sufficiency, it is because of the availability of food is one of the primary needs. Increased agricultural productivity through the extension of new rice fields became one alternative settlement in fulfillment of rice. The increase in rice production through the expansion of rice fields is still possible, because of the potential land is suitable for the expansion of rice fields was still quite spacious. The success of the process of the expansion of paddy fields depend on the expansion of the activities of the mechanism of the rice is done. The process of the expansion of rice fields is preceded by feasibility investigation location. Feasibility study of the site was conducted to find out the feasibility of potential land with the observations in the field which is then processed and spatial dianalis in using ArcGIS software. Results of a survey investigating the Central Maluku district region with a total area of 594.29 achieved ha based on the suitability of the land for the potential expansion of new acres of rice paddies 587.35 ha from 2 (two) subdistricts include North Eastern Seram Subdistrict Kobi m2 170.87 ha and North Seram Subdistrict covering 416.82 ha.<br> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> The Expansion Of New Rice Fields, Agricultural Land Suitability Evaluation, Islands</em></p> Rusmin Nuryadin, Edy Suryadi, Robby Andoyo, Dwi Rustam Kendarto ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4650 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 02:55:38 +0700 Economic feasibility analysis of agribusiness sub terminal in integrated agricultural program area https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4501 <p>Agribusiness sub terminal development intends to enable the commodity handling system of the agricultural products covered by one agribusiness management. In addition, farmers and related stakeholders can gain benefits from the development of creating mutual prosperity. This research aims at; 1) analysing the feasibility of agribusiness subterminal in integrated agriculture program area based on financial non-financial aspects, such as market, organizational management, technical operation, and social economy including technical side of agribusiness sub terminal; and 2) generating a policy in supporting the establishment of agribusiness subterminal in integrated agriculture program area in Bone Bolango regency. This descriptive quantitative and qualitative research employs <em>mix method</em>, which consists of exponential comparison method, to determine the technical feasibility of agribusiness subterminal in the integrated agriculture area in Bone Bolango regency. The results reveal that: (1) based on the technique of location determination exponential comparison method, decent sub-districts for the development of agribusiness sub terminal, in sequence, are Tapa, Suwawa, Kabila, and Tilongkabila; (2) From the analysis of economic feasibility of agribusiness sub terminal, Bone Bolango regency shows its worthiness and therefore has potential to advance further; (3) The most potential site is Tapa district; (4) Based on the financial feasibility, specifically the economic aspect, the prospect of, implementing agribusiness sub terminal is high in Bone Bolango regency. <br>&nbsp;<strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong> <em>Agribusiness </em><em>Sub Terminal, Feasibility, Policy</em></p> Wawan Tolinggi, Amelia Murtisari, Yanti Saleh, Ahmad Fadhly ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4501 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 02:22:26 +0700 The The geothermal potentials for electric development in Maluku Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4546 <p>The characteristic of small to medium size islands is the limited amount of natural resources for electric generation. Presently the needs of energy in Maluku Province are supplied by the diesel generation units. The electricity distributes through an isolated grid system of each island. There are 10 separate systems in Maluku Province, namely Ambon, Namlea, Tual, Saumlaki, Mako, Piru, Bula, Masohi, Dobo and Langgur. From the geothermal point of view, this condition is suitable because the nature of the generation is small to medium and the locations are dispersed. The geological condition of Maluku Province is conducive for the formation of geothermal resources. The advanced utilization of geothermal energy in Maluku Province is in Tulehu located about 8 kilometers NE of Ambon. It is expected that 60 MW electric will be produced at the first stage in 2019. A total of 100 MW resources were estimated. Other places of geothermal potentials are Lauke and Tawen both located in Ambon Island with the potentials of 25 MW respectively. In Oma Haruku, Saparua and Nusa Laut the geothermal potentials were estimated to be 25 MW each. The total amount of geothermal energy in Maluku Province is thus, 225 MW which will contribute significantly to the needs of projected 184 MW in the year 2025. <br><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: Maluku Province, geothermal energy, suitable, dispersed, conducive</em></p> Vijaya Isnaniawardhani, Emi Sukiyah, Adjat Sudradjat, Martha Magdalena Nanlohy ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4546 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 02:19:44 +0700 The geologic potentials of Riau Islands Province and its development design https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4554 <p>Geologically Riau Islands is located in the topography of the old stadium erosion. The morphology is characterized by smooth hills with convex slopes and alluvial plain consisting of the erosion products. The morphology exhibits the remnants of peneplain that submerged at ca 13,000 BP now forming Sunda Shelf with the average depth of 120 meters. The irregular coast’s line of almost all the islands in Riau Islands characterized the submerged old morphologic stadium. The lithology consists of granites and metasediments. Granites contain various types of economic minerals. The weathered granites produce bauxite, kaolin and quartz sands. The metasediments are generally soft resulting in the formation of valleys suitable for agriculture and settlements due to the availability of surface and subsurface water. Irregular coastal line provides the bays for harbors. The geological potentials to be developed therefore consists of the provision of stable plain and resistance to landslide and earthquake, the bays suitable for various marine industries, granites for building materials, and base metals. The submarine hydrocarbon basins produce oil and gas. Geologically Riau Islands is very unique because it represents the remnants of the peneplain of Jurassic and Cretaceous age of about 63 to 181 years old now becoming the Sunda shelf which is the largest in the world. This region is very good when developed as an industrial area, trade, and marine tourism <br>&nbsp;<em>Keywords:</em> <em>Riau Islands, geologic potentials, granites, submerge, marine tourism</em></p> Emi Sukiyah, Vijaya Isnaniawardhani, Adjat Sudradjat, Fery Erawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4554 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 02:16:22 +0700 Linking personal attributes, technical skill and managerial competence towards entrepreneurial orientation and the success of traditional home culinary industry https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4604 <p>SSurveys had shown that there are lots of people who work in the culinary business industries in <em>Seberang</em> <em>Kota Jambi</em>, and even though they were not managed professionally they had survived for quite some time. This study aimed to test the relationship between personal attributes, technical skill and managerial competence toward entrepreneurial orientation and successes. The data were collected through the questionnaire for 44 people who owned small culinary businesses in several districts in <em>Seberang, </em>then were analyzed using Partial Least Squares Path Modeling (PLS-SEM). The result had shown that the personal attributes and technical skills have no siginificant influence on the entrepreneurial orientation, but their managerial competence had a significant influence on their entrepreneurial orientation. Then the entrepreneurial orientation&nbsp;have positive influence on the success of &nbsp;business. So in a way, the managerial competence determine their success in business. That’s why it was needed a lot of help from the government and academicians to increase their managerial competence by giving them special guidance, counselings and trainings continuously<br><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> personal attributes, technical skills, managerial competence, entrepreneurial&nbsp; orientation, culinary home industries</em></p> Shofia Amin, Husni Hasbullah ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4604 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 02:08:48 +0700 Business environment as an intervening variable of market orientation and business performance of Batik Jambi SMEs https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4605 <p>Batik Jambi is a unique product of Jambi Province, but the performance of batik Jambi SMEs business is still low. The purpose of the research is to analyze the role of the business environment on the relationship of market orientation, entrepreneurship orientation, and business performance. The research method used is qualitative and quantitative with interview approach, observation, documentation and sample survey. The sample of this research is Batik Jambi SMEs. Sampling used judgment sampling method. The analysis tools used are FGD and PLS (partial least square). The results show that the business environment is a variable between the relationship of market orientation and business performance, but not the intermediate variables on the relationship of entrepreneurial orientation and business performance.<br> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Business Environment, Market Orientation, Entrepreneurial Orientation, Business Performance.</em></p> Ade Octavia ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4605 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 01:59:31 +0700 Regional financial performance evaluation in the Indonesian fiscal decentralization era https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4607 <p>Under the decentralization policy, regions have the rights and obligations in arranging of themselves. Then many studies showed positive and negative impacts of fiscal decentralization in Indonesia. Regarding on this issue, this study was conducted in analyzing financial performance under fiscal decentralization. The analytical method used is the ratio indicator degree of fiscal decentralization, financial regional self-sufficiency indicator ratios and harmony indicator ratios of regional budget. From the degree of fiscal decentralization, in Indonesia from 2008 to 2014 has not yet been able to realize the aspects of the region's autonomy. Judging from the distribution per region, most of the regions in Indonesia are in a class of regions with less degree of fiscal decentralization. Meanwhile, indicators of local financial independence in Indonesia from 2008 to 2014 saw a significant increase. From the indicators of harmony expenses are still very dominant from the routine expenditure almost 70% -80% annually. From this result, mandatory for the local government to continue their improvement of the region's autonomy, especially in terms of funding through a mechanism that does not burden the private and public sectors. <br> <strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>: fiscal decentralization, regional financial performance, degree of fiscal decentralization, independence region, harmonious expenses</em></p> Joko Tri Haryanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4607 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 01:54:55 +0700 Strategy for developing of small medium industry to creative industry in special culinary, Sarolangun Regency https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4613 <p>This study aims to obtain a description of small and medium industries in the area of regional culinary Sarolangun, internal and external factors and formulate strategies to develop the industry to become a creative industry. The method that is used SWOT analysis,&nbsp; descriptive and qualitative analysis. Based on the research result found that the culinary that can be developed is coconut bread, dodol, kipang cake and curry fish curry fish. The weakness of internal factors lies in working capital, human resources, and external factors lie in marketing and institutional. The recommended strategy is to turn around.<br> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> SME’s, Culinary, SWOT Analysis, Turn around</em></p> Fitriaty Fitriaty, Dwi Kurniawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4613 Sun, 04 Mar 2018 01:48:48 +0700 Profile of informal sector workers and factors affecting informal sector employment in Jambi Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4417 <p>This study aims to analyze; 1) the profile of informal sector workers in Jambi Province; 2) The development of informal sector employment in Jambi Province; 3). the effect of economic growth, population, and income per capita on informal sector employment. The data used microdata of National Labor Force Survey, Jambi Province 2015. The results showed; 1) Informal sector workers in Jambi Province 81.5 percent are in rural areas, dominated by male workers, mostly poorly educated, and work in agriculture; 2). During the period 2005-2015, the average growth of the informal sector was 1.3 percent per year, and 3) Simultaneously the economic growth, population, and income per capita had a significant effect on informal sector employment.<br><em>Keywords: informal sector, economic growth, population, and income per capita</em></p> Purwaka Hari Prihanto, Adi Bhakti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4417 Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Rice farming and farmer income: a case study at Kota Utara Sub District, Gorontalo Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4418 <p>This research purpose to analyze the effect of the input use in rice farming on the income of farmers and analyze the efficiency of input in the production of&nbsp; rice farming to know farmers income at Kota Utara Subdistrict. The data obtained and analyzed used Cobb-Douglas analysis production function and efficiency analysis using input (allocative efficiency). The results showed that the use of production inputs together affect to the rice farming of farmers income. The results of efficiency indicate that the use of each input such as land, labor, seeds, fertilizers Phonska, urea, spontaneous drugs, score score &nbsp;are inefficient in the use of production input. Therefore, it is necessary to be reduced to achieve efficient use of production inputs. <br><em>Keywords: Rice Farming, Production Input, Production Efficiency</em></p> Yanti Saleh, Amir Halid, Rifni Mobi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4418 Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Feasibility and impact of Muara Bulian Bridge construction on the economy of Batang Hari Regency https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4419 <p>This study aims to determine the impact of Muara Bulian bridge construction on the economy of Batang Hari Regency. The number of vehicles transporting goods (transport coal and CPO) through the City of Muara Bulian has made congestion in the City of Muara Bulian. Therefore, &nbsp;it takes a diversion of currents for freight vehicles sothey will not cross the city of &nbsp;Muara Bulian. The scope of the research focused on the social and economic impacts of the bridge construction and the feasibility study of the bridge financially. The type of data used is the type of secondary data obtained from interviews and data from related agencies in Jambi Province and Batang Hari Regency in 2016. Based on the results of the research, it is found that: (1) Construction of Muara Bulian Bridge is intended to build isolated areas in the Maro Sebo Ilir Subdistrict. Maro Sebo Ilir Subdistrict has enormous potential in terms of both plantations and mining. Potential plantations in Maro Sebo Ilir Subdistrict are oil palm and rubber while for mining there is coal and oil. The construction of the Muara Bulian bridge is expected to create new economic growth centers in Batang Hari Regency and can increase the strength and opportunities of new business potentials that have not existed in Batang Hari Regency, and (2) road connectivity on the north of the Muara Bulian bridge will be connected to an existing provincial road. To facilitate the flow of transportation to the provincial road, it is necessary to create a new road along ± 3 km with an estimated cost of ± Rp. 8,400,000,000 with standard cost 2,800,000,000 /km.<br> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Financial feasibility, regional economy, socio-economic impact</em></p> Muhammad Safri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4419 Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Implementation of village empower program in supporting form of institutions of village business institutions (BUMDes) (Study on Dayang Suri Village Bungaraya Sub District Siak Regency Riau Province) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4420 <p>The purpose of this research is to investigate the implementation of village empowerment program in support of institutional formation of Village Owned Enterprise (BUMDes). The research carried out at Dayang Suri Village, Bungaraya Subdistrict, Siak Regency at UED-SP Karya Bersama. The data used consist of secondary data in the form of documents relating to the implementation of village empowerment program in support of the formation of BUMDes and primary data in the form of direct observation of research location and interview with key informant. Data analysis employed in descriptively qualitative. Based on the result, it mentioned that into the preparation stage, implementation and principles of management of UED-SP Karya Bersama program has been relatively good. However, there are still less maximal aspects such as lack of socialization conducted by village government, lack of transparency or clarity of information by village fund managers and lack of village facilitators as facilitators in decision making.<br> <strong>Keywords</strong>: poverty, community empowerment, savings and loans, transparency</p> Wasiah Sufi, Trio Saputra ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4420 Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0700 The role of local taxes on regional development in Jambi Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4421 <p>Regional tax is a compulsory duty made by an individual or entity to a region without equal direct repayment that can be enforced under applicable legislation, which is used to finance the administration of local government and regional development. The role of local taxes is to assist the development of APBD (Local Government Budget) activities. Local governments are also exploring new local taxes annually that can be used for regional expenditure. This research was conducted in Jambi Province. This research uses descriptive method that the data obtained then arranged in such a way and analyzed correctly based on theory relevant to the problem. From the research results obtained growth of Jambi provincial tax in 2011-2015 fluctuate and tend to increase. Local tax contribution on Jambi provincial expenditure has decreased from year to year.<br> <em>Keywords: Local Tax, Regional Expenditure, Regional Development</em></p> Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4421 Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Financial feasibility analysis, small business farm beef cattle livestock in Gorontalo District https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4422 <p>The objectives of this research are: 1) analyze the responses of farmers on small business farm beef cattle livestock in Gorontalo District, 2) analyze the feasibility of small business farm beef cattle livestock in Gorontalo District, 3) analyze the estimated increase of beef cattle production in Gorontalo District. The research method that used is survey method. The data analysis used in this research are descriptive analysis, feasibility analysis, and forecasting analysis. The result of this research showed: 1) The development of beef cattle business is an industry in the field of agribusiness with no limited. Beef cattle farmers said this business could give a huge profits. It can be seen from people welfare that increased, this business does not require a large cost from the technical point of view (cost of facilities and infrastructure), 2) Based on financial analysis aspect of beef cattle livestock is feasible to develop. 3) The result of forecasting analysis can be seen that there will be increased production for the Year 2017-2019 at all intervals except at 1-2cows.<br> <em>Keyword: Financial Feasibility, Beef Cattle, Agribusiness</em></p> Amir Halid, Muhammad Muhtar, Sri Yusnani Mokodompit ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/4422 Sat, 30 Dec 2017 00:00:00 +0700 The influence of cost at production inputs on farmer income at chili pepper commodity in Sub-District Dungaliyo Gorontalo Regency https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3858 <p>The research objective is 1) To analyze the earning of farmer of chili at Dungaliyo Sub-District in Gorontalo Regency; 2) To analyze of using cost in production influenced at farmer’s chili earning at Dungaliyo Sub-District&nbsp; Gorontalo Regency. The population is all of the chili pepper farmers in the sub-district Dungaliyo of Gorontalo Regency, wheter the sample is about 42 people. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze the earning of farmer of chili. Multiple regression model was used to analyze factors affecting income farming.&nbsp; The results showed that (1) revenue gained by chili pepper farmers in sub Dungaliyo Gorontalo district average Rp. 9166666.7 with value/ha Rp. 2.037,037.44 and the total cost is Rp. 4.233,961.905 with value/ha Rp. 940,880.2 net income of farmers of chili pepper Rp. 4,932,704.762 with value/ha Rp. 1,096,156,- (2) The results of multiple regression analysis showed that the cost of production facilities impact on farm income chili pepper in Sub-district Dungaliyo such as equipment rental costs and agricultural machinery (X1) the significant value &lt;0.01 was highly significant, costs fertilizers (X2) the significant value &lt;0.01 highly significant, Cost Drugs – drugs (X3) significant value &lt;0.05 was significant, and the cost of seed (X4) the significant value &lt;0.01 was highly significant in the farming chili pepper.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Production input cost, Revenue, Chili pepper</em></p> Amir Halid, Yuriko Boekoesoe, Ratna Mohune ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3858 Fri, 01 Sep 2017 15:42:24 +0700 Analysis of investment in Sarolangun Regency https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3857 <p>This study aims to analyze the condition and the development of investment, especially invesment in oil palm plantation and coal mining in Sarolangun Regency. The results found that 1) Based on the ownership of capital, investment realization in Sarolangun Regency in oil palm plantation and coal mine is still dominated by domestic investment, referred as PMDN; 2) Based on the stages of activity, investment in oil palm plantation is dominated by operational stage, while in coal mining is dominated by exploration stage; 3) In terms of invesment realization, investment in oil palm plantation sector decreased while in coal mining sector increased every year.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Investment</em><em>, Palm plantation, Coal Minning</em></p> Siti Aminah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3857 Fri, 01 Sep 2017 15:40:51 +0700 Leading sector development in Muaro Jambi District https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3856 <p>Efforts to improve economic development and economic growth of Muaro Jambi Regency is a must. Efforts to increase economic development and economic growth can occur, if local governments are able to determine or identify priority sectors or become a base sector. Given the importance of determining and defining the right and correct strategy in the development of leading economic sectors/bases, it is necessary to conduct further study related to the development of leading sector policy in Muaro Jambi Regency. Analysis tools that are used are LQ (Location Quotient) and SWOT analysis. The results of the analysis found that of there are three sectors that are the main sector or base in Muaro Jambi Regency, namely agriculture, livestock, plantation, fishery and forestry sector, mining and quarrying sector and manufacturing industry sector. Strategies that can be done in order to maintain and develop the sector and sub-sectors/recommended base there are several alternative strategies that combine internal environmental conditions and external environment Muaro Jambi Regency is S - O (power against opportunities), S - T (power against threats) W - O (weakness to opportunity) and W - T (weakness to threat).</p> <p><em>Keywords: Location Quotient, SWOT Analysis, Base Sector</em>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Safri, Slamet Rachmadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3856 Fri, 01 Sep 2017 15:39:05 +0700 Analysis of palm oil industry cluster in Jambi Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3855 <p>This study aims to analyze palm oil industry clusters in Jambi Province. This study is a collective case study (survey and case study). The result shows that Jambi Province has a considerable potential for the development of palm oil industry. It can be seen from the development of plantation area, production of Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches, Crude Palm Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, and Palm Oil Mill. However, there are still very limited downstream products of palm oil that can be produced. Based on SWOT analysis, it shows that beside having large opportunities, Jambi Province also faces with various obstacles and threats on the way to develop palm oil industry.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Industry cluster, palm oil industry, SWOT analysis</em></p> Erfit Erfit ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3855 Fri, 01 Sep 2017 15:36:57 +0700 Partnership models and income of micro-small enterprises as Gerbang Emas funds beneficiaries in East Flores Regency https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3854 <p>This study aims to describe the business partnership model in the development of Micro, Small Enterprises (MSE) of the creative economy and to prove and explain if there is or there is not the increase in MSEs income after obtaining Community Block Grant or <em>Bantuan Langsung Masyarakat</em> (BLM) from <em>Gerakan Membangun Ekonomi Masyarakat</em> (<em>Gerbang Emas</em>) (Community Economic Development Movement). The study used cluster sampling method on 16 types of business. From sampling, we got 105 out of 502 MSEs that are BLM from <em>Gerbang Emas</em> program beneficiaries. The data used in this study are primary data obtained by interviews and questionnaires with both open and closed sentences and questions. Descriptive statistical, correlation, and paired sample t-test methods were used for data processing. The results show that 85.85% of the MSEs partner with government agencies, NGOs, and Church, 11.32% of them work in partnership with other MSEs and other institutions, 49% of them partner with distributor, 75% of them partner with raw material supplier, and 8% of them don’t partner with any party. The revenue of MSEs in creative economy sector experienced an average increase of 12.76% from Rp. 4,248,007 in the previous year and there is statistically a strong correlation (0.999) between income before getting BLM and after getting BLM. There is a significant difference between income before and after getting BLM from <em>Gerbang Emas</em>. <em>Gerbang Emas</em> program only focuses on funding or providing capital to MSEs, doesn’t try to give training on financial management in business so that only 48.5% of respondents differentiate or separate the funds for business purposes and for household use.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Community, Creative Economy, Partnership</em></p> Hironnymus Jati, Indri Astuti, Dominikus Fernandez ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3854 Fri, 01 Sep 2017 15:35:11 +0700 Analysis of leading sector of Jambi City https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3853 <p>This study aims to analyze the leading sectors in the city of Jambi. The main data used is GDP data of Jambi City series 2010 for the period of 2012-2014. Analysis tool that is used are Location Quotient, Shift Share, Klassen Typology and Overlay Analysis. The results of the analysis found that of the 14 basic sectors in Jambi City (based on LQ analysis), there are four priority sectors namely electricity and gas procurement, building, large and retail trade, car and motorcycle repairs, health service, and social activities.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Location Quotient, Shift Share, Klassen Tipology, Overlay Analysis</em></p> Hardiani Hardiani, Tona Aurora Lubis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3853 Fri, 01 Sep 2017 15:32:11 +0700 Analysis for corruption and decentralization (Case study: earlier decentralization era in Indonesia) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3799 <p style="text-align: justify;">In many countries, relationship between decentralization of government activities and the extent of rent extraction by private parties is an important element in the recent debate on institutional design. The topic of corruption was actively, openly and debated in Indonesia by government, its development partners, and a broadly based group of political and civil society leaders are engaged in meetings and exchange on a daily basis. In the ongoing debate on corruption a lot of attention is paid to the role of public sector salaries, particularly in the decentralization era. Based on this phenomenon, the authors want to analyze the relationship between corruption and decentralization. Using OSL model, we can find a very strong and consistent positive association between the two variables across a sample of region, thereby providing some support for theories of decentralization that emphasize its benefits. This association is robust to controlling for a wide range of potential sources of omitted variable bias as well as endogeneity bias.&nbsp; <em>Keywords: Corruption, Decentralization, OSL Model&nbsp;</em><br><br> <strong>Abstrak</strong><strong>.</strong><br><br>Di banyak negara, hubungan antara desentralisasi pemerintah dan tingkat ekstraksi sewa oleh pihak swasta merupakan elemen penting dalam perdebatan baru pada desain institusional. Topik korupsi secara aktif, terbuka dan diperdebatkan di Indonesia oleh Pemerintah, mitra pembangunan, dan kelompok berbasis luas dari para pemimpin politik dan masyarakat sipil yang terlibat dalam pertemuan dan pertukaran setiap hari. Dalam perdebatan tentang korupsi banyak perhatian diarahkan untuk peran gaji sektor publik, terutama di era desentralisasi. Berdasarkan fenomena ini, penulis ingin menganalisis hubungan antara korupsi dan desentralisasi. Menggunakan OSL model, kita dapat menemukan hubungan positif yang sangat kuat dan konsisten antara dua variabel di seluruh sampel dari daerah, sehingga memberikan beberapa dukungan untuk teori desentralisasi yang menekankan manfaat. Asosiasi ini adalah kuat untuk mengendalikan berbagai kemungkinan potensial dari upaya menghilangkan sebagian variabel serta bias endogenitas.&nbsp; <em>Kata Kunci: Korupsi, Desentralisasi, OSL Model</em> <br><br><strong>REFERENCES</strong><br>,<br>Ades, Alberto and Di Tella, Rafael, 1994, “Competition and corruption” Institute of Economics and Statistics Discussion Papers 169. University of Oxford.<br><br>____, 1995, “National champions and corruption: some unpleasant competitiveness arithmetic”.University of Oxford. Photocopy.<br><br>Barro, Robert, 1992, “Human capital and economic growth”. in policies for long run economic growth. Federal Reserve bank of Kansas City: 199-216.<br><br>____, 1990, “Government spending in a simple model of endogenous growth.” Journal of Economy, 98, no.5, part 2, S103-S125.<br><br>Bhagwati, Jagdish, 1982, “Directly unproductive, profit-seeking (dup) activities.” Journal of Political Economy, 90, no.5.<br><br>Clemets, Benedict, Rejane Hugounenq, and Gerd Schwartz, 1995, “Government subsidies: concept, international trends and reform options”, IMF Working Papers 95/91. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.<br><br>Easterly, William, 1990, “Endogenous growth in developing countries with government induced distortions.” In Vittorio Corbo, Stanley Fischer and Steve Webb, Policies to Restore Growth. Washington DC: The World Bank.<br><br>Fisman, Raymond, and Roberta Gatti, 2002, “Decentralization and corruption: evidence across countries”, Journal of Public Economics 83: 325-345.<br><br>Hague, Nadeem Ui, and Ratna Sahay, 1996, “Do government wage cuts close budget deficits? IMF Working Papers 96/19. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.<br><br>Hines, James, 1995, “Forbidden payment: foreign bribery and american business.” NBER Working Papers 5266. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.<br><br>Keefer, Philip, and Stephen Knack, 1995, “Institutions and economic performance: cross-country tests using alternative institutional measures.” Economics and Politics.<br><br>Kraay, Aart, and Van Rijckeghem, Caroline, 1995, “Employment and wages in public sector-a cross-country study.” IMF Working Papers 95/70. Washingtin, DC: International Monetary Fund.<br><br>Krueger, Anne, 1974, “The Political economy of the rent-seeking society.” American Economic Review 64, No.3 (June): 291-303.<br><br>Levine, Ross and David Renelt, 1992, “A sentivity analysis of cross-country growth regressions.” American Economic Review 82, No.4 (September): 942-963.<br><br>Loayza, Norman, 1996, “The economics of informal sector: a simple model and some empirical; evidence from Latin America.” The World Bank. Photocopy.<br><br>Martinez. Jorge-Vazquez, F. Javier Arze, Jameson Boex, 2004, “Corruption, fiscal policy and fiscal management, USAID Report (October).<br><br>Mauro, Paolo, 1995, “Corruption and growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics CX, no.3 (August): 681-712.<br><br>_____, 1997, “The Effect of Corruption on growth, investment and government ex-penditure: a cross country analysis, in Corruption and the global economy, K.A. Elliot, ed., Eashington D.C., Institute for International Economics, pp.83-107.<br><br>_____, 1998, corruption and the composition of government expenditure, Journal of Public Economics, vol.69:263-279.<br><br>Megantara, Andie and Noor Fuad, 2003, “The impact of institutional environment on public official performance: does institutional environment affect the rate of corruption?”, Jurnal Keuangan Publik vol.1, no.1 (September):1-23.<br><br>Murphy, Kevin, Andrei Shleifer and Robert Vishny, 1991, “Allocation of talent: implications for growth.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 106.<br><br>Raunch, James, 1995, “Bureaucracy, infrastructure and economic growth: evidence from U.S. Cities During the Progressive Era.” American Economic Review 85, no.4 (September): 968-979.<br><br>Rose-Ackerman, Susan, 1978, Corruption: a study in political economy, New York, NY: Academic Press.<br><br>_____, 1996, Democracy and grand corruption, International Social Science Journal, vol.48. no.3.<br><br>_____, 1997, Corruption and development, Paper presented at the annual Bank Conference on Development Economics, Washington D.C.<br><br>_____, 1999, Corruption and government: causes, consequences and reform, Cambridge University Press.<br><br>Sachs, Jeffrey, and Warner, Andrew, 1995, “Natural resource abundance and economic growth.” NBER Working Papers 5398. Cambrdge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.<br><br>Shleifer, Andrei, and Robert W. Vishny, 1993., Corruption, the quarterly journal of economics, 108 (August): 599-617.<br><br>Tanzi, Vito, 1994, “Corruption, governmental activities and markets.” IMF Working Papers 94/99. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.<br><br>Taylor, Charles L. and Michael C Hudson, 1972, World handbook of political and social indicators. Ann Arbor, MI: ICPSR.<br><br>Treisman, Daniel, 2000, “The causes of corruption: a cross-national study”, Journal of Public Economics 76: 399-457.<br><br>Tullock, Gordon, 1967, “The welfare costs of tarriffs, monopolies and theft.” Western Economic Journal5.<br><br>Vernon, Henderson, and Ari Kuncoro, 2006, “Sick of local government corruption” Vote Islamic”, NBER Working Paper 12110 (March): 1-41.<br><br></p> Joko Tri Haryanto, Esther Sri Astuti S.A. ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3799 Fri, 30 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Socio-economic determinants of tourism trips by Jambi residents https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3801 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to analyze: 1) characteristics of trips generated by Jambi residents both for tourism purposes or other purposes; 2) characteristics of Jambi residents going on a tourism trip; 3) Socio-economic factors affecting tourism trips generated by Jambi residents. Data was taken from raw data provided in the result of Indonesian National Social Economic Survey (SUSENAS) for Jambi Province 2015. Descriptive research method was used to analyze the characteristics of trips by Jambi residents and of the tourists. Binary logistic regression model was used to analyze factors affecting tourism trips generated by residents. The study found: 1) Number of trips generated by Jambi residents are still relatively low. Only 14.4 percent of the total population has traveled within the last six months; 2) Besides the low number of trips, tourism activities are still relatively limited. Only 17.79 percent of population go on a tourism trip; 3) Tourist attractions in Jambi Province itself are the most common tourism destinations for Jambi residents, then followed by tourist attractions in South Sumatra, West Sumatra and Bengkulu; 4) Tourism trips generated by residents are mostly family trips, so they are relatively dominated by children and parents; 5) Socio-economic factors that significantly influence residents to go on a tourism trip are age, education, and family status. In addition, there is a probability difference of tourism trips by residents of the city and of the regency in Jambi Province. <br><em>Key words: tourism attraction, family trip, tourism trip</em><br><br><strong>Abstrak</strong><br><br>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: 1) karakteristik perjalanan penduduk di Provinsi Jambi baik untuk tujuan wisata maupun tujuan lainnya; 2) karakteristik penduduk yang melakukan perjalanan wisata di Provinsi Jambi; 3) Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang mempengaruhi perjalanan wisata penduduk di Provinsi Jambi. Data bersumber dari “raw data” SUSENAS Tahun 2015 Provinsi Jambi. Untuk menganalisis karakteristik perjalanan penduduk, dan karakteristik individu wisatawan dilakukan secara deskriptif. Untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi perjalanan wisata penduduk digunakan model regresi binary logistik. Hasil penelitian menemukan: 1). Aktivitas perjalanan penduduk di Provinsi Jambi masih relatif rendah. Hanya 14,14 persen dari total penduduk yang pernah melakukan perjalanan dalam enam bulan terakhir; 2)&nbsp; Selain rendahnya aktivitas perjalanan tersebut, aktivitas perjalanan untuk wisata juga masih relatif terbatas. Hanya 17,79 persen total penduduk yang melakukan perjalanan untuk berwisata; 3) Objek tujuan wisata penduduk Provinsi Jambi didominasi objek wisata yang ada di Provinsi Jambi sendiri, selain objek wisata yang ada di provinsi-provinsi berdekatan yaitu Sumatera Selatan, Sumatera Barat dan Bengkulu; 4). Perjalanan wisata penduduk didominasi oleh perjalanan wisata keluarga, sehingga relatif didominasi oleh anak-anak dan orang tua; 5) Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang berpengaruh nyata terhadap perjalanan wisata penduduk adalah umur, pendidikan dan status dalam keluarga. Selain itu, terdapat perbedaan probabilita perjalanan penduduk untuk wisata antara kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi.<br><em>Kata Kunci: objek wisata, wisata keluarga, perjalanan wisata</em> <br><br><strong>REFERENCES</strong> <br><br>Agustin, Sentosa S U, Aimon H. (2014). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi permintaan wisatawan domestik terhadap ojek wisata bahari Pulau Cingkuak Kabupaten Pesisir Selatan. Jurnal Kajian Ekonomi, July, Vol. III No. 5, 2014; 1 – 20.<br><br>Cohen, E. (1972). Towards a sociology of international tourism. Social Research, 39(1), 164-182.<br><br>Damanik, Janianton dan Weber, Helmut. (2006). Perencanaan ekowisata dari teori ke aplikasi. Yogyakarta: PUSPAR UGM and Andi.&nbsp;<br><br>Ernita. Y 2001. Karakteristik pola perjalanan wisata di obyek-obyek Tawangmangu Kabupaten Karanganyar. Bachelor’s Thesis. Surakarta, Fakultas Geografi, UMS<br><br>Fandeli, C. (1995). Dasar-dasar manajemen kepariwisataan alam. Yogyakarta: Liberty<br><br>Foster, D. (1985). Perjalanan dan manajemen pariwisata. Mac.Milan<br><br>Gamal, S. (1997). Dasar-dasar pariwisata. Edisi pertama. Cetakan pertama. Penerbit Andi.Yogyakarta.<br><br>Hardiani,H; Junaidi,J. (2011). Analisis kuantitas dan kualitas penduduk sebagai orientasi pembangunan di Provinsi Jambi. Laporan Penelitian. Kerjasama BKKBN dengan PSK UNJA. Jakarta<br><br>Irawan, K. (2010). Potensi objek wisata air terjun Serdang sebagai daya tarik wisata Di Kabupaten Labuhan Batu Utara. Paper works. Non-Degree Tourism Education Programs. Universitas Sumatera Utara.<br><br>Junaidi,J; Hardiani,H. (2009). Dasar-dasar teori ekonomi kependudukan. Jakarta. Hamada Prima<br><br>Junaidi, J. (2015). Bentuk fungsional regresi linear (aplikasi model dengan Program SPSS). Jambi. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis<br><br>Marpaung, H.(2002). Pengantar pariwisata. Bandung :Alfabeta<br><br>Mulyani, R. (2006). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kunjungan wisatawan ke kawasan wisata Pantai Carita Kabupaten Pandeglang. Bachelor’s Thesis. Fakultas Pertanian. IPB<br><br>Novitri, Q., Junaidi, J., &amp; Safri, M. S. M. (2014). Determinan penerimaan daerah dari sektor pariwisata di kabupaten/kota Provinsi Jambi. <em>Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah</em>, <em>1</em>(3), 149.<br><br>Pendit.N S. (1994). Ilmu pariwisata sebuah pengantar. Perdana. Jakarta.<br><br>Pitana, I Gde. 2005. <em>Sosiologi</em> <em>pariwisata, kajian</em> <em>sosiologis</em> <em>terhadap</em> <em>struktur, sistem, dan</em> <em>dampak-dampak</em> <em>pariwisata.</em> Yogyakarta: Andi Offset<br><br>Sinclair, M. Theadan Mike Stabler. 1997. Economics of tourism. Routledge London<br><br>Soekadijo, R.G, (2000), anatomi pariwisata: memahami pariwisata sebagai ”system lingage”, PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.<br><br>Smith, Valene., (1977). Hosts and guests: the anthropology of tourism, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia.<br><br>Yoon, Y., Uysal, M. (2005).An examination of the effects of motivation and satisfaction on destination loyalty: a structural model. Tourism Management, 26(1), 45-56.<br><br>Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 10.Tahun 2009. tentang Kepariwisataan.</p> Hardiani Hardiani, Amril Amril ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3801 Fri, 30 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Distribution development strategy of corn processed (corn stick and corn dodol) production to achieve corn competitive product market in Gorontalo Province https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3802 <p style="text-align: justify;">Reseach object are; 1) to know about the profile of maize farmer enterprise in Gorontalo Regency; 2) to know the people characteristic at home industry group in Todito village at Pulubala sub-district; 3) Economics analysis for Sweat Maize Dodol. Data analysis used is descriptive method, SWOT and economics analysis. The result of this research is 1) Groups of farmers enterprise, the more much of members and land is worked on by maize farmer found at Dunggala village in Batudaa sub-district. At Pulubala Sub-district the&nbsp; more much of groups of farmer enterprise at Puncak Village, and the members is more much found at Toidito, but the largest land worked on by maize farmer is at Puncak village; 2) Production analysis for home industry for Maize Stick with tasted by Shrimp from Llimboto Lake will get profit if the income above of break event is Rp 120.000,- if production is over of break even point is 11,975 gram and will follow of the price over of break even point about Rp 52.500. Production analysis for home industry for Dodol sweat maize will get profit if the income earned over of break even point is Rp 170,174, if production is earned over of break even point 6,90 basket and if the price is over of break even point is about 19.550; 4) Main distribution development strategy of corn stick and corn dodol are developing corn distribution product, increased the volume of production, to reach the market target, and increased the promotion of product and price information.<br> <em>Key words: Corn Production, Distribution Development Strategy&nbsp;</em><br> <br><strong>Abstrak</strong><br>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk; 1) Mengetahui profil petani jagung di Kabupaten Gorontalo; 2) Mengetahui karakteristik pelaku industri rumah tangga di Desa Todito, Kecamatan Pulubala; 3) Analisis ekonomi dodol jagung manis. Analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif, SWOT, dan analisis ekonomi. Hasil peneltian: 1) Kelompok, jumlah anggota dan luas tanaman jagung terbanyak di Kecamatan Batudaa terdapat di Desa Dunggala. Di Kecamatan Pulubala kelompok petani jagung terbanyak dan lahan terluas terdapat di Desa Puncak, dan jumlah anggota kelompok terbanyak terdapat di Desa Toidito; 2) Keuntungan industri stik jagung rasa udang di Danau Limboto dengan pendapatan di atas BEP (Break Even Point) sebesar Rp. 120.000,- dengan BEP produksi sebesar 11,975 gram dan BEP harga Rp. 52.500. Keuntungan industri dodol jagung manis dengan pendapatan di atas BEP sebesar 170,174, dengan BEP produksi sebesar 6,90 keranjang, dan BEP harga sebesar 19.550. 3) Strategi utama pengembangan distribusi stik jagung dan dodol jagung adalah mengembangkan produk distribusi jagung, meningkatkan volume produksi, untuk mencapai target pasar, dan meningkatkan promosi produk dan informasi harga. <em>Kata Kunci: Produksi Jagung, Strategi Pengembangan Distribusi</em><br> <br><strong>REFERENCES</strong><br><br>Ahmad, Lisna. 2011 dan 2012.Analisis sifat fisiokimia dan respon konsumen terhadap tepung pudding instan hasil formula siteping jagung dan karagenan. Laporan Penelitian. Gorontalo: Lemlit UNG.<br><br>Ahmad, Lisna. 2013. Kajian dan pengembangan crackers nike hasil formulasi tepung jagung dan ikan nike. Laporan Penelitian. Gorontalo: Lemlit UNG.<br><br>Muhammad, Fadel. 2012. Indonesia effortstowards the leading of maize agribusiness and agroindustry in the world by 2025. Paparan disampaikan pada International Maize Conference. Gorontalo 22-24 November 2012.<br><br>Friedman, John. 1990. Empowerment: the politics of alternative development (Cambridge MA &amp; Oxford UK: Blaekwell, 1982<br><br>Halid, Amir. 2010. Dampak agropolitan jagung terhadap penurunan angka kemiskinan di Kabupaten Gorontalo;.Laporan Penelitian<br><br>Halid, Amir, 2014. Pengembangan profitabilitas jagung, Idaes Publishing, Gorontalo.<br><br>Halid, Amir, M.I. Bahua, Z. K. Antuli. I. Abdul 2016 Maize processing production development as the economic driven of people in Gorontalo Province. Cnference On Proceedings Malaysia Indonesia International Conference on Economic, Management and Accounting (MIICEMA) 2016, ISBN 978-602-98081-4-8<br><br>Hasan, M. Ani. 2011. Aktualisasi program pemberdayaan masyarakat pedesaan guna peningkatan pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah dalam rangka ketahanan nasional. Laporan Penelitian.<br><br>Hasan, A.M., R. Ilato, A. Halid dan L. Ahmad. 2016. Farmer empowerment through prcessing of maize and each waste in to productive economic comodity in Boalemo Regency of Gorontalo. International Journal of Bussiness, Accounting and Management. Vol.1 Issue 3. ISSN 2527-3531: 53-64<br><br>Hatu, Rauf . 2010. Pemberdayaan dan pendampingan sosial masyarakat. Gorontalo: Jurnal inovasi.<br><br>Ibrahim, Amin. 2009. Pokok-pokok administrasi publik dan implementasinya. Bandung: Refika Aditama<br><br>Ilato, Rosman dan Bahua, M. Ikbal. 2013. Analisis rantai nilai komoditas jagung serta strategi peningkatan pendapatan petani jagung di Propinsi Gorontalo. Penelitian MP3EI 2011-2025). Gorontalo: Lemlit UNG.<br><br>Junaidi, J., Amir, A., &amp; Hardiani, H. (2014). Potensi klaster agroindustri usaha mikro kecil dan menengah di Provinsi Jambi. <em>Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah</em>, <em>2</em>(1), 9-20.<br><br>kajian kebijakan agribisnis komodistas unggulan daerah di Provinsi Gorontalo, Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian (BPTP) Gorontalo, 2012<br><br>Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Perekonomian Republik Indonesia: Masterplan percepatan dan perluasan pembangunan ekonomi Indonesia 2011-2025: Jakarta: 2011<br><br>Mubyarto, 1984. Strategi pembangunan pedesaan. Yogyakarta: P3PK UGM.<br><br>Ruslan, M. dan Anwari WMK. 2006. Pemberdayaan masyarakat – mengantar manusia mandiri, demokratis dan berbudaya. Khanata.<br><br>Sjahrir dan Koreten, 1988. Pembangunan berdimensi kerakyatan. Jakarta. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.<br><br>Suyono, Haryono dan Haryanto, R. 2007. Pedoman pembentukan dan pengembangan pemberdayaan keluarga – POSDAYA.Balai Pustaka.<br><br>Renstra Dinas Pertaniandan Ketahanan Pangan Provinsi Gorontalo 2012-2017<br><br>Sutomo. 2009. Pembangunan masyarakat. Yogyakarta. Pustaka Pelajar.<br><br>Tesoriero, Frank, Jim Ife. 2008 Community development. community based alternatives in an age of globalisation. Yogyakarta. Pustaka Pelajar</p> Amir Halid, Mohammad Ikbal Bahuwa, Zainudin K Antuli, Irawati Abdul ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3802 Fri, 30 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Road Map Bureaucracy Reform Public Service Government Provincial Riau https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3803 <p>Purpose of this research is to describe the direction of bureaucracy reform road map policy in the field of public service with the focus of service standard in Riau Provincial government. This research uses qualitative analysis. Field data obtained in Riau Province is set in description or report in the form of table, so it can get a clear picture about what is going on about the direction of bureaucratic reform policy of Riau Province public service. government. Based on the results of the research indicates that the road map of bureaucratic reform of the provincial government in the field of public service already has the standard of service but has not provided the form of legality and seriousness in the form of promise of giving the right of society in service. In SOP sub-indicators for the implementation of service standards already exist in most types of services, but improvements to service standards do not involve stakeholders and improvements to SOP have not been done regularly. Therefore, the direction and policy of bureaucratic reform, especially in the field of public services, must be prepared in accordance with the action plan because this stage is important to describe the activities and techniques in more detail in a short period of one year. <br><em>Keywords: Bureaucratic Reform, Public Service, Government, Road Map</em><br><br><strong>Abstrak</strong><br>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendiskripsikan arah kebijakan road map reformasi birokrasi bidang pelayanan publik dengan fokus standar pelayanan di pemerintah Provinsi Riau. Metode penelitian menggunakan analisis kualitatif. Data lapangan yang diperoleh dituangkan dalam suatu uraian atau laporan dalam bentuk tabel, sehingga diperoleh gambaran yang mengenai arah kebijakan reformasi birokrasi pelayanan publik pemerintah Provinsi Riau. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukkan road map reformasi birokrasi pemerintah Provinsi Riau di bidang pelayanan publik sudah memiliki standar pelayanan tetapi belum memberikan bentuk legalitas dan kesungguhan dalam bentuk janji yang memberikan hak masyarakat dalam pelayanan. Dalam sub-indikator SOP bagi pelaksanaan standar pelayanan sudah ada pada sebagian besar jenis pelayanan, tetapi perbaikan atas standar pelayanan tidak melibatkan stakeholder dan perbaikan atas SOP belum berkala. Untuk itu sebaiknya arah dan kebijakan reformasi birokrasi khususnya dibidang pelayanan publik disusun sesuai rencana aksi karena tahap ini penting menggambarkan kegiatan yang lebih detail dan teknis dalam waktu singkat yaitu satu tahun<br> <em>Kata Kunci : Reformasi Birokrasi, Pelayanan Publik, Pemerintah, Road Map</em> <br><br><strong>REFERENCES</strong><br><br>Gubernur Riau. (2015). Peraturan gubernur No.61 tahun 2015 tentang prosedur tetap pengendalian bencana kebakaran hutan dan lahan di Provinsi Riau. Pekanbaru.<br><br>Gubernur Riau. (2015). Peraturan Gubernur Riau Nomor 99 Tahun 2015 tentang pedoman penyusunan standar operasional prosedur di lingkungan pemerintah Provinsi Riau. Pekanbaru.<br><br>Gubernur Riau. (2015). SK Gubernur Riau Nomor 1300 tahun 2015 tentang pembentukan tim reformasi birokrasi Provinsi Riau. Pekanbaru.<br><br>Gubernur Riau. (2016). Road map reformasi birokrasi pemerintah Provinsi Riau 2015-2019. Pekanbaru.<br><br>Haribowo, G., &amp; Wijaya, A. F. (2012). Faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi upaya implementasi reformasi birokrasi POLRI ( Studi Pada Polres Pacitan Berdasarkan Peraturan Kepala Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 23 Tahun 2010 ), 15(3), 18–28.<br><br>Hidayah, A. (2014). Reformasi birokrasi bidang pelayanan publik pada suku dinas pendidikan di wilayah administrasi kabupaten Kepulauan Seribu. Jakarta: Universitas Islam Negri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.<br><br>Josef Kurniawan Kairupan. (2014). Pengaruh reformasi birokrasi terhadap kualitas pelayanan publik di Dinas Kependudukan Dan Catatan Sipil Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. JSP, 9(2).<br><br>Kastanti, H. L., Satoto, K. I., Widianto (2015). Sistem informasi evaluasi pelayanan publik puskesmas berbasis website pada Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara Dan Reformasi Birokrasi. Jurnal Teknologi Dan Sistem Komputer, 3(1), 103–109.<br><br>Nurbarani, M. (2009). Reformasi birokrasi pemerintah Kota Surakarta. Semarang.<br><br>Presiden Republik Indonesia. (2010). Peraturan Presiden nomor. 81 tahun 2010 tentang Grand Design Reformasi Birokrasi 2010 – 2025.<br><br>RB, M. (2014). Peraturan Menteri Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi nomor 14 Tahun 2014 tentang pedoman evaluasi reformasi birokrasi instansi pemerintah.<br><br>Saputra, T. (2016). Kepuasan masyarakat terhadap penyelenggaraan pelayanan publik ( studi kasus kantor Kecamatan Tambang Kabupaten Kampar ), Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah, 4(2), 89–100.<br><br>Triantoro, B. W. (2004). Citizens charter dan reformasi birokrasi. Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik, 8(2), 33–40.</p> Trio Saputra, Bunga Chintia Utami ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3803 Fri, 30 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0700 The effect of financial performance on state-owned banks credit in Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3808 <p>This study examines the effect of financial performance on state-owned banks credit in Indonesia. Banks selected to be analyzed are Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI), Bank Nasional Indonesia (BNI), Bank Mandiri, and Bank Tabungan Negara Indonesia (BTN). Panel data used is annual secondary data interpolated into quarterly data from Financial Services Authority, Bank Indonesia, The National Development Planning Agency or Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional (Bappenas), Central Bureau of Statistics or Badan (BPS), and other official publications. The influence of independent variables to the amount of credit is estimated using multiple regression, Random Effects Model (REM). The result of the study indicates that all state-owned banks had fluctuations in financial performance growth and it is different for all banks, while the test results using semi-log panel data with REM shows that non-performing loan (NPL) variable and loan to deposit ratio (LDR) variable have a significant positive effect to the state-owned banks credit in Indonesia. Meanwhile, Return On Assets (ROA) variable has no significant effect. <br><em>Key words: Third party funds, NPL, LDR, ROA, State-owned banks credit</em><br><br> <strong>Abstrak</strong> <br>Penelitian ini mengkaji pengaruh kinerja keuangan terhadap kredit perbakan BUMN di Indonesia. Perbankan yang terpilih menjadi objek penelitian adalah Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI), Bank Nasional Indonesia (BNI), Bank Mandiri dan Ban Tabungan Negara Indonesia (BTN). Data yang digunakan adalah data panel yaitu data sekunder tahunan yang diinterpolasi dalam data per triwulan, yang bersumber dari otoritas jasa keuangan, Bank Indonesia, Bappenas, BPS dan publikasi resmi lainnya. Pengaruh variabel bebas terhadap jumlah kredit diestimasi menggunakan regresi berganda metode Random Effect Model (REM. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan rata-rata kinerja keuangan perbankan BUMN mengalami fluktuasi dan mengalami variasi masing-masing Bank, sedangkan hasil pengujian menggunakan data panel semi log dengan model REM menunjukkan bahwa variabel non performing loan dan loan to deposit ratio memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap variabel jumlah kredit perbankan BUMN di Indonesia, sementara itu return on assets tidak berpengaruh signifikan. <br><em>Kata Kunci : Dana pihak ketiga, NPL, LDR,ROA, dan Kredit Perbankan BUMN</em><br> <br><strong>REFERENCES</strong><br><br>Bonifrm, D. 2003. Credit risk drivers: evaluating the contribution of firm level information and macroeconomic dynamics. Journal of Banking &amp; Finance, 33 (2009), : 281-299<br><br>Febrianto, Dwi Fajar Dan Muid, Dul. 2013. Analisis pengaruh dana pihak ketiga, LDR, NPL, CAR, ROA, Dan BOPO terhadap jumlah penyaluran kredit (studi pada bank umum yang terdaftar di bursa efek Indonesia periode Tahun 2009-2012). Jurusan Manajemen Fakultas Ekonomi Dan Bisnis Universitas Diponegoro.<br><br>Hapsari, Agustina Widhy. 2008. Analisis pengaruh loan to deposit ratio, non performing loan, return on total asset, dan return on equity terhadap pemberian kredit KPR (studi kasus pada PD. BPR di Jawa Tengah Periode 2003-2005). Skripsi Program S1 Manajemen Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.<br><br>Hamidu, PN. 2013. Pengaruh kinerja keuangan terhadap pertumbuhan laba pada perbankan di BEI. Jurnal Riset Ekonomi, Manajemen, Bisnis dan Akuntansi. Universitas Sam Ratulangi (UNSRAT).<br><br>Jakubik, P. 2007a. Macroeconomic environtment and credit risk. Czech Jurnal of Economics and Finance, 2007, 57 (1-2)<br><br>Jhingan ML, 2004. Ekonomi pembangunan dan perencanaan, Jakarta: Rajawali, Press.<br><br>Juanda, Bambang dan Junaidi.2012. Ekonometrika deret waktu. Bogor: IPB Press<br><br>Junaidi, J. (2014). Regresi dengan Microsoft Office Excel. Jambi. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi<br><br>Junaidi, J. (2015). Bentuk fungsional regresi linear (aplikasi model dengan program SPSS). Jambi. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis<br><br>Kasmir, 2000, Manajemen perbankan, Edisi 1, Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.<br><br>Lincolin, Arsyad. 2004. Ekonomi pembangunan Edisi 5. Yogyakarta: Unit Penerbit Dana Percetakan STIM YKPN.<br><br>Oktaviana, Irene Rini Demi Pangestuti. 2012. Pengaruh DPK, ROA, CAR, NPL, Dan jumlah SBI terhadap penyaluran kredit perbankan (studi pada bank umum go public Di Indonesia Periode 2008-2011). Jurusan Manajemen Fakultas Ekonomika dan Bisnis Universitas Diponegoro. Tersedia di http://ejournal- s1.undip.ac.id/index.php.djom’<br><br>Gujarati. DN. 2005. Basic econometics. New York: MC-Craw Hill International Edition.<br><br>Pratama, Billy Arma. 2012. Analisis faktor - faktor yang mempengaruhi kebijakan penyaluran kredit perbankan (studi pada bank umum di Indonesia Periode Tahun 2005–2009). Masters thesis. Universitas Diponegoro. Tersedia di www.eprints.undip.ac.id.<br><br>Putri. Dewiyani 2014. Pengaruh net interest margin, non performing loan, capital adequacy ratio, dana pihak ketiga dan jumlah suku bunga terhadap penyaluran kredit (studi kasus pada bank umum yang terdaftar di BEI Periode 2008-2012).Fakultas Ekonomi Dan Bisnis Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.<br><br>Tan, Syamsurijal. 2015. Perencanaan pembangunan (Teori dan implementasi pada pembangunan daerah). Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi.<br><br>Tan, Syamsurijal. 2016. Ekonomi internasional (perdagangan internasional dan implementasi). Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Jambi.</p> Syamsurijal Tan, Lidya Anggraeni ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3808 Fri, 30 Jun 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Flypaper Effect pada Belanja Daerah (Studi Komparasi Daerah Induk dan Pemekaran kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3639 <p>This research aims to compare the fiscal capacity between the main districs and new autonomy districts in Jambi Province, determine whether the Revenue-Sharing (DBH), General Allocation Fund (DAU) and Specific Allocation Fund (DAK) from the central government and Local Revenue (PAD), affects Regional Expenditures and to detects the flypaper effect. Estimates done by using panel data regression. The analysis showed that the contribution and the composition of the sources of PAD to PAD reception, both in the area of the main and new autonomy districs is still relatively low. But the main districts have a better ability to explore the sources of PAD compared to the new autonomy districts. Equalization funds had a higher contribution in financing regional expenditure in main and new autonomy districs. The allocation of regional expenditure in main and new autonomy districs have increased each year, but most of the regional expenditure was allocated to operating expenditures. The regression results indicate that main and new autonomy districs, there is simultaneously a significant influence between the variables of PAD, DBH, DAU and DAK to variable regional expenditure. However partial, variable PAD and DAU have a significant effect on regional expenditures, while variable DBH and DAK has no significant effect on regional expenditures. The flypaper effect are not found on the main and new autonomy districts in Jambi Province.<br> <em>Keywords : Revenue-Sharing (DBH), General Allocation Fund (DAU), Specific Allocation Fund (DAK), Local Revenue (PAD), Regional Expenditure, Flypaper Effect.</em><br><br> <strong>Abstrak.</strong> Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perbandingan kemampuan keuangan daerah antara kabupaten/kota induk dan kabupaten/kota pemekaran di Provinsi Jambi dan untuk mengetahui apakah Dana Bagi Hasil (DBH), Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK) dan Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) dari Pemerintah Pusat dan Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) berpengaruh terhadap Belanja Daerah serta untuk mendeteksi terjadinya flypaper effect. Estimasi dilakukan dengan regresi data panel. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kontribusi dan komposisi sumber-sumber PAD terhadap penerimaan PAD, baik pada daerah induk maupun pada daerah pemekaran masih tergolong rendah. Namun daerah induk memiliki kemampuan yang lebih baik dalam menggali sumber-sumber PAD dibandingkan dengan daerah pemekaran. Dana perimbangan memiliki kontribusi yang tinggi dalam membiayai belanja daerah pada daerah induk dan daerah pemekaran. Alokasi belanja daerah pada daerah induk dan daerah pemekaran mengalami peningkatan setiap tahunnya, namun sebagian besar anggaran belanja daerah masih dialokasikan untuk belanja operasi. Hasil regresi menunjukkan bahwa pada daerah induk dan pemekaran, secara simultan terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan antara variabel PAD, DBH, DAU dan DAK terhadap variabel Belanja Daerah. Namun secara parsial, variabel PAD dan DAU mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap belanja daerah, sedangkan variabel DBH dan DAK tidak mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap belanja daerah. Tidak terjadi flypaper effect pada daerah induk dan pemekaran di Provinsi Jambi.<br> <em>K</em><em>a</em><em>t</em><em>a</em><em> kunci : </em><em>Dana Bagi Hasil (DBH), </em><em>Da</em><em>na </em><em>Alokasi Umum </em><em>(</em><em>DAU</em><em>),</em> <em>Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK), </em><em>Pendapatan Asli</em><em> D</em><em>aerah </em><em>(</em><em>PAD), Belanja Daerah</em><em>, Flypaper Effect.</em></p> Shita Unjaswati Ekawarna ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3639 Thu, 04 May 2017 10:28:38 +0700 Pengaruh Perkembangan Industri Terhadap Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3642 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to analyze the influence of industrial development on the absorption of manpower in districts/cities in Jambi Province. The data used are secondary data in district /cities of Jambi Province from 2010-2014, using panel data analysis. The result of the research shows that there is a significant positive influence between business unit variables, investment value and production value on employment absorption at districts/cities in Jambi Province.<br> <em>Keywords: labor, business units, investment, production.</em><br> <br><strong>Abstrak.</strong> <br>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalis pengaruh perkembangan industri terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dari tahun 2010-2014, dengan menggunakan analisis data panel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat pengaruh positif yang signifikan antara variabel unit usaha, nilai investasi dan nilai produksi terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi.<br> <em>&nbsp;Kata kunci: tenaga kerja,unit usaha, investasi, produksi.</em></p> Muhtamil Muhtamil ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3642 Thu, 04 May 2017 10:25:13 +0700 Meningkatkan Daya Saing Daerah Melalui Peningkatan Kinerja Bisnis Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3638 <p>The purpose of this study was to test the model orientation influence entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial training, market orientation with business performance and management skill of SME’s. The approach used is the sample survey with quantitative methods. Based on the survey against 200 SME’s &nbsp;found that there were no significant effects of market orientation on performance of the business. However there are significant effects between entrepreneurial orientation and business performance against management capabilities. To improve the competitiveness of the area required the role of Government and the private sector to be able to improve the SME’s business performance<br> <em>Key words: entrepreneurial orientations, market orientation, business performance</em><br><br> <strong>Abstrak.</strong> Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji model pengaruh orientasi kewirausahaan, pelatihan kewirausahaan, orientasi pasar dengan kemampuan manajemen dan kinerja bisnis UMKM. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah survey sampel dengan metode kuantitatif. Berdasarkan survey terhadap 200 UMKM ditemukan bahwa tidak terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan orientasi pasar terhadap kinerja bisnis. Namun terdapat pengaruh yang signifikan antara orientasi kewirausahaan dan kemampuan manajemen terhadap kinerja bisnis. Untuk menigkatkan daya saing daerah maka diperlukan peran pemerintah dan swasta untuk dapat meningkatkan kinerja bisnis UMKM<br> <em>&nbsp;</em><em>Kata Kunci: </em><em>orientasi kewirausahaan, orientasi pasar, kinerja bisnis.</em></p> Ade Octavia, Zulfanetti Zulfanetti, Erida Erida ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3638 Thu, 04 May 2017 10:16:38 +0700 Pemanfaatan Dana Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Untuk Pembiayaan Pembangunan Pertanian di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3637 <p>This study aims to describe the distribution of corporate social responsibility (CSR) partnership funds by various companies in Jambi Province, both State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) and Private Owned Enterprises (BUMS). This study is a collective case study (survey and case study). The results of this study indicate the large potential of CSR partnership fund for Jambi Province. Based on CSR partnership fund distribution can generally be divided into two forms: Partnership and Community Development Program (PKBL). The partnership program includes the provision of revolving fund credit with low interest to UMKM with various business fields in Jambi province. Development of CSR fund disbursement is more directed to community empowerment efforts. The various forms of Community Development cover the areas of education with the provision of scholarships, health, construction of public facilities, natural disaster relief and environmental conservation. Furthermore, although the potential of CSR funds for Jambi Province is quite large, it has not been able to encourage the development of the agricultural sector in Jambi Province. This is evident from the relatively small amount of CSR partnership program funds channeled for the development of the agricultural sector.<br> <em>Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, financing development, agricultural development</em><br><br> <strong>Abstrak.</strong> Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penyaluran dana kemitraan corporate social responsibility (CSR) oleh berbagai perusahaan yang ada di Provinsi Jambi baik Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) maupun Badan Usaha Milik Swasta (BUMS). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus kolektif (survei dan studi kasus).&nbsp; Hasil penelitian menunjukkan cukup besarnya potensi dana kemitraan CSR untuk Provinsi Jambi. Berdasarkan penyaluran dana kemitraan CSR&nbsp; secara umum dapat dibedakan dalam 2 bentuk yaitu Program Kemitraan dan Bina Lingkungan (PKBL). Program kemitraan meliputi pemberian kredit dana bergulir dengan bunga rendah kepada UMKM dengan berbagai bidang usaha yang ada di Provinsi Jambi.&nbsp; Bina Lingkungan penyaluran dana CSR lebih banyak diarahkan kepada upaya pemberdayaan masyarakat. Berbagai bentuk Bina Lingkungan tersebut meliputi bidang pendidikan dengan pemberian bidang bea siswa, bidang kesehatan, pembangunan fasilitas umum, bantuan bencana alam dan pelestarian lingkungan. Selanjutnya, meskipun potensi dana CSR bagi Provinsi Jambi cukup besar ternyata belum banyak dapat mendorong pembangunan sektor petanian di Provinsi Jambi.&nbsp; Hal ini terlihat dari relatif kecilnya dana program kemitraan CSR yang disalurkan untuk pengembangan sektor pertanian.<br> <em>Kata kunci:</em> <em>Corporate Social Responsibility</em><em>, </em><em>pembiayaan pembangunan, pembangunan pertanian</em></p> Erfit Erfit ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3637 Thu, 04 May 2017 10:15:10 +0700 Determinan Belanja Pegawai Pada Pemerintah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3641 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to analyze: 1) The allocation of personnel expenditures in the district/city in Jambi Province. 2) Factors affecting personnel expenditure in the Regency / City in Jambi Province. The data used is secondary data based on panel data. The analysis tool used is panel data regression analysis. The results of the study found that: 1) During the period 2010-2014, the development of personnel spending in districts / city in Jambi Province showed an increasing trend; 2) The number of employees has a significant negative and significant impact on the expenditure of district / municipality employees in Jambi Province, while the number of Local Government’s Agencies (SKPD) has a positive and significant impact.<br> <em>Key Word : Personnel Expenditure, employees dan Local Governments’ Agencies</em><br><br> <strong>Abstrak.</strong><br>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: 1) Alokasi belanja pegawai kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. 2) Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi belanja pegawai pada Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder berdasarkan data panel. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi data panel. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1) Selama periode 2010-2014, perkembangan belanja pegawai pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi menunjukkan kecenderungan yang terus meningkat; 2) Jumlah pegawai berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap belanja pegawai Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi, sedangkan jumlah SKPD berpengaruh positif dan signifikan.<br>&nbsp;<em>Kata Kunci : Belanja Pegawai, Pegawai, Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah</em></p> Yowana Rachma Mutmaina ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3641 Thu, 04 May 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Disparitas Pendapatan dan Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhinya di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3588 <p>The research aims to analyzing: 1) Typology economic growth from regency/city of Jambi Province 2) Disparity income among regency/city in Jambi Province 3) Factors which influence disparity income in Jambi Province. Klasen typology is used for typology analysis of economic growth. Williamson’s index used to calculate analysis disparity income, while for analyze factors which affect it used panel data regression. Result from this research is, &nbsp;for Klasen typology economic growth, there is no regency in Jambi Province, which include at first quadrant. Beside there are four regencies on Jambi province, which include at second quadrant. There is one regency include at third quadrant, while for forth quadrant there are 6 regencies. &nbsp;Calculation of Williamson’s index shown fluctuated result, on 2009 its 0.365, on 2010 its 0.397, on 2011 its 0.394, on 2013 0.401, and on 2013 0.397. Furthermore, based on regression analysis found that direct spending and LFPR significant effect on per capita income districts / cities in Jambi There is no significant affect on long road with GRDP per capita.</p> Darzal Darzal ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3588 Sun, 16 Apr 2017 06:49:14 +0700 Analisis Kinerja Keuangan Pemerintah Provinsi Jambi dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3586 <p>The purpose of this research is to analise government’s financial performance of Jambi Province. This research is using multiple linear regression to calculate and to see the effect of direct and indirect expenditure variable to the economic growth. This research is using secondary data that includes of local revenues, equalization funds, financial reception area, direct and indirect expenditure and also total expenditure of Jambi Province. This research is using verifikatif and kuantitatif analysis which is suite for analise fiscal autonomy degree, fiscal dependency of Jambi Province toward central government and also to find out whether the direct and indirect expenditure has effect to economic growth. Research results showed that Jambi Province’s DOF based on local revenue is 39,57%, placed in average condition, however if local revenue is add on DBH, it showed that the criteria is very good with 58,92%. The level of fiscal dependency 34,80% in average for years during observasion periode. By using multiple linear regression, the result showed that direct and indirect expenditure were positively and significantly effected to the economic growth of Jambi Province</p> Mohar Mondes ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3586 Sun, 16 Apr 2017 06:39:48 +0700 Kepuasan Masyarakat terhadap Penyelenggaraan Pelayanan Publik (Studi Kasus Kantor Kecamatan Tambang Kabupaten Kampar) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3584 <p>The purpose of the study was to measure public satisfaction survey with services at the Sudistrict Office Tambang, Kampar District with reference to the Regulation of the Minister of Administrative Reform and Bureaucratic Reform of the Republic of Indonesia Number 16 Year 2014 on Guidelines for the Implementation of Public Satisfaction Survey of Public Service. This research method is using descriptive research with quantitative approach. The sampling technique used in this study was incidental sampling, with a total sample of 100 people who become customers in the Tambang subdistrict officest. Data collection techniques in this research is using questionnaires, observation, interviews and documentation. Data analysis technique in this research is quantitative descriptive. The results showed that the votes on each of the indicators broadly expressed satisfied with the services at the subdistrict office Tambang with the assessment in the amount of 78.8% for the indicator requirements, while indicators of service procedures at 76.9%, an indicator of service time amounted to 56.3%, the cost and rate of 74.6% indicator of product specifications types of services amounted to 76%, the indicator amounted to 78.8% executive competence, executive behavioral indicators of 62.1%, the indicator amounted to 81.1% of service notice, as well as indicators of the handling of complaints, suggestions and feedback at 81.9%. Overall community satisfaction with services Tambang Subdistrict office at 74.02 in the category of "satisfied"</p> Trio Saputra ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3584 Sun, 16 Apr 2017 02:59:30 +0700 Pola dan Prilaku Konsumsi Masyarakat Muslim di Provinsi Jambi (Telaah Berdasarkan Tingkat Pendapatan dan Keimanan) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3583 <p>This research aims to: 1) determine the characteristics and patterns of consumption of the Muslim community in Jambi Province is based on the type of work, education, income and the level of Iman; 2) relationship between type of work, education, income and level of Iman towards food consumption and for religious.The data used are primary data. The number of samples as 150 Muslim households by the "purposive random sampling", taking into account the allocation of the sample based on the status and social organization that followed. Data analysis using cross table and Chi-Square test. The results of this research: 1) The proportion of food consumption Muslim community for food at 43.48%, while for non-food needs reached 56.52%. 2). The proportion of spending on religious amounted to 28.08% of non-food expenditure, or 15.87% of the total expenditure. 3) There is a close link between type of work, education, income and level of religiosity with food and non food expenditure. The higher the education, income and Iman, then the food expenditure is lower. 4). The link between this type of work, education, income and the level of Iman related closely with the expenses of the religious. The higher the level of education, income and Iman, then the expenditure for the religious tend to be higher.</p> Amri Amir ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3583 Sun, 16 Apr 2017 02:57:47 +0700 Analisis Pengaruh Investasi Swasta dan Pengeluaran Pemerintah Daerah Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi dan Kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3587 <p>This study aimed to analyze the effect of private investment and local government spending to economic growth and poverty in Jambi Province. Research using time series data from 1985 to 2012 year. The analytical tool used is regression by the method of "Ordinary Least Squares" (OLS). The findings of this study show that private investment and local government spending made a positive impact on economic growth Jambi Province.</p> Siti Aminah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3587 Sun, 16 Apr 2017 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Permintaan Uang Riil di Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3507 <p><strong>Abstract</strong><strong>.</strong></p> <p>This research aims to determine how the relationship between variables GDP, inflation rate, interest rate and exchange rate against the real demand for money in Indonesia. The data used in the empirical study of a sequence of data monthly time of year 2011.01 through 2015. 12 from Central Bank of Indonesia and the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). The analysis method in this research is Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The results showed that there is a one-way relationship between the real demand for money on interest rates, one-way relationship between GDP against exchange rate and interest rates, then the one-way relationship between inflation against exchange rate. Then, there is a two-way relationship between GDP and the real demand for money, two-way relationship between inflation and demand for real money, two-way relationship between GDP and inflation, two-way relationship between interest rates and inflation as well as two-way relationship between interest rates and exchange rate. The results also showed GDP does not significantly affect the real demand for money. Variable exchange rate positively and significantly affect the real demand for money in the short term. While the interest rate a significant negative effect on the real demand for money. The real demand for money in Indonesia in the long term positively and significantly influenced by variables GDP. While the variable exchange rate and interest rate negative effect.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Real demand for money, Inflation, GDP, Exchange rate, Interest rate,</em></p> <p><em> </em><em> </em></p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p><p><strong> </strong>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa keterkaitan antar variabel pdb, tingkat inflasi, tingkat suku bunga dan nilai tukar terhadap permintan uang riil di Indonesia. Data yang digunakan dalam kajian empiris ini merupakan data runtutaan waktu bulanan dari tahun 2011.01 sampai 2015. 12 yang berasal dari Bank Indonesia dan Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Alat analisis yang digunakan yaitu <em>Vector Error Correction Model </em>(VECM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan searah antara permintaan uang riil terhadap tingkat suku bunga, antara PDB terhadap Kurs dan tingkat suku bunga, antara Inflasi terhadap Kurs. Terakhir, terdapat hubungan dua arah antara PDB dan permintaan uang riil, hubungan dua arah antara Inflasi dan permintaan uang riil, hubungan dua arah antara PDB dan Inflasi, hubungan dua arah antara tingkat suku bunga dan Inflasi serta hubungan dua arah antara tingkat suku bunga dan Kurs. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukan PDB tidak signifikan mempengaruhi permintaan uang. Variabel Kurs berpengaruh positif dan signifikan mempengaruhi permintaan uang riil dalam jangka pendek. Sedangkan tingkat suku bunga berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap permintaan uang riil. Permintaan uang riil di Indonesia dalam jangka panjang dipengaruhi secara positif dan signifikan oleh variabel PDB. Sedangkan variabel Kurs dan suku bunga berpengaruh negatif.</p><em>Kata Kunci: Permintaan Uang Riil, Inflasi, PDB, Kurs, Suku Bunga</em><em> </em> Halia Butra Aini, Syamsurijal Tan, Arman Delis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3507 Wed, 14 Sep 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Kinerja Keuangan Daerah dan Pembiayaan Belanja Modal Kabupaten Merangin https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3531 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This research aimed to test and obtain empirical evidence of a direct effect of the components of financial performance of local governments to capital expenditure Merangin Regency in 2001-2015. The results showed that the degree of decentralization is still very low as the average over 15 years amounted to only 5.16% were categorized as very reendah. It is claimed that PAD Merangin Regency is still a major effect on revenues, seen from efectifivity PAD and PAD Merangin Regency efficiency has been very effective and efficient. The results of multiple linear regression with the variables DOF, effectiveness and efficiency of significant positive effect on capital spending. This suggests that any increase in the financial performance Capital expenditure will also rise.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Financial Performance, Capital Expenditures, Decentralization</em></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kinerja anggaran keungan daerah Kabupaten Merangin menggunakan pendekatan rasio keuangan untuk mengukur derajat desentralisasi, tingkat efisiensi dan efektifitas keuagan daerah, serta mengetahui, menguji dan memperoleh bukti empiris pengaruh langsung komponen kinerja keuangan pemerintah daerah terhadap alokasi belanja modal Kabupaten Merangin tahun 2001-2015. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa derajat desentralisasi masih sangat rendah dimana rata-rata selama 15 tahun hanya sebesar 5,16 % yang termasuk dalam kategori sangat rendah.  Hal ini menyatakan bahwa Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) Kabupaten Merangin masih belum berpengaruh besar terhadap pendapatan daerah, dilihat dari efektifivitas  dan efisiensi Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kabupaten Merangin sudah sangat efektif dan efisien. Hasil dari regresi linear berganda dengan variabel derajat otonomi fiskal, efektifitas dan efisiensi  keuangan daerah berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap belanja modal.  Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa setiap kenaikan Kinerja keuangan maka Belanja Modal juga akan ikut naik.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci: Kinerja Keuangan, Belanja Modal, Desentralisasi</em></p> Elliya Agus, Muhammad Safri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3531 Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Pengaruh Kinerja Keuangan terhadap Alokasi Belanja Modal di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3530 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p><p>This research aimed to analyze the financial performance of the District/ Municipality in Jambi Province and to determine the effect of financial performance either simultaneously or partially on capital expenditure. The data used in this research is a panel data comprising time series data is data in 2010 - 2013 and cross section data is data of 9 (nine) District and 2 (two) Municipality is located in the Province of Jambi. The analytical method used panel data regression analysis. The analysis showed that the financial performance of the District/ Municipality in Jambi Province is still relatively low as the PAD contribution to regional revenue is still small so transfer income still dominate the local revenue to finance most of the regional expenditure. The results of panel data regression using the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) showed that the financial performance simultaneously significant effect on capital expenditure allocation of the District/Municipality in Jambi Province from 2010 to 2013 and partially Ratio Degree of Decentralization significant positive effect on the allocation of capital expenditure. Financial dependency ratio, Financial Independence Ratio and the ratio degrees contributions public enterprises significant negative effect on capital expenditure . Effectiveness ratio of PAD does not significantly influence the allocation of capital expenditure.</p><p><em>Keyword: Financial Performance, Decentralization, Financial Independence, </em></p><p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kinerja keuangan Pemerintah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi dan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kinerja keuangan baik secara simultan maupun secara parsial terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini merupakan data panel yang terdiri dari data time series yaitu data tahun 2010 – tahun 2013 dan data cross section yaitu data 9 (sembilan) Kabupaten dan 2 (dua) Kota yang berada di Provinsi Jambi. Metode analisis yaitu analisis regresi data panel. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kinerja keuangan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi masih tergolong rendah. Hasil regresi data panel dengan menggunakan metode Fixed Effect Model (FEM) menunjukkan bahwa kinerja keuangan secara simultan berpengaruh signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi dari tahun 2010 sampai dengan tahun 2013 dan secara parsial  Rasio Derajat Desentralisasi berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Rasio Ketergantungan Keuangan, Rasio Kemandirian Keuangan dan Rasio Derajat Kontribusi BUMD berpengaruh negatif signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal. Rasio Efektifitas PAD tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap alokasi belanja modal.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci : Kinerja Keuangan, Desentralisasi, Ketergantungan Keuangan</em></p> Eko Indra Praza ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3530 Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Pengaruh Akuntabilitas Publik, Transparansi Publik dan Pengawasan Terhadap Kinerja Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah di Kabupaten Bungo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3533 <p><strong>Abstract</strong><strong>.</strong><strong> </strong><strong></strong></p> <p>This research is intended to analyze the influence of public accountability, public transparency and control to the SKPD performance with the local financial management as a variable intervening. The population in this study is SKPD environment Bungo district government.  The simultaneous and partial test of the hypothesis is done with test “F” and test “t” using the path analysis method. Results shows that simultaneously public accountability, public transparency, control, and local financial management, affect the performance of SKPD in Bungo district government. Partially, public accountability, public transparency, control, and local financial management affect the performance of SKPD in Bungo district government. Results shows that simultaneously public accountability, public transparency, and control, affect to local financial management. Partially public accountability, pubic transparency and control affect on local financial management, so that local financial management is not an intervening variable in this study</p> <p><em>Keywords:  Public Accountability, Public Transparency, Local Financial Management, </em><em></em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong><strong>.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis  pengaruh akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, dan pengawasan terhadap kinerja SKPD dengan pengelolaan keuangan daerah sebagai variabel intervening. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah SKPD di dilingkungan  Pemerintah Kabupaten Bungo. Pengujian hipotesis secara simultan maupun parsial digunakan Uji F dan Uji t  dengan menggunakan metode analisis jalur. Hasil penilitan menunjukan bahwa secara simultan akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, pengawasan, dan pengelolaan keuangan daerah, berpengaruh terhadap kinerja SKPD pada Pemerintah Kabupaten Bungo. Secara parsial akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, pengawasan, dan pengelolaan keuangan daerah  berpengaruh terhadap kinerja SKPD pada Pemerintah Kabupaten Bungo. Secara simultan akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik, dan pengawasan berpenagaruh terhadap pengelolaan keuangan daerah. Secara parsial akuntabilitas publik, transparansi publik dan pengawasan berpengaruh terhadap pengelolaan keuangan daerah, sehingga pengelolaan keuangan daerah bukan merupakan variabel intervening dalam penelitian ini.</p> <em>Kata Kunci: Akuntabilitas Publik, Transparansi Publik, Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah</em> Harry Eka Setiawan, Muhammad Safri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3533 Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Cadangan Devisa Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3529 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to determine the relationship between variables export, import, and exchange rate against Foreign Exchange Reserves in Indonesia. The data used in the empirical study of a sequence of data monthly time of year 2011.01 through 2014.12 from Bank Indonesia and the Central Statistics Agency (BPS). The analysis tool used is Auto Regression Vector Model (VAR). The results of this study indicate that the one-way relationship between the variables of foreign reserves and export. Then one-way relationship between exchange rate and exports. Lastly, there is a two-way relationship between imports and foreign exchange reserves, two-way relationship between exchange rate and foreign exchange reserves, two-way relationship between imports and exports, two-way relationship between the exchange rate and imports. The results also showed foreign exchange reserves are significantly influenced by the movement itself at a probability of 1 %. Export variable negative and not significantly affect the foreign exchange reserves. While imports of positive and not significant to the foreign exchange reserves. Foreign Exchange Reserves Indonesia is positively influenced by the exchange rate and not significant.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="3" height="8"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p><em> </em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Foreign exchange reserves, exports, imports, exchange rate</em><em> </em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui seberapa keterkaitan antar variabel ekspor, impor, dan nilai tukar rupiah terhadap Cadangan Devisa Indonesia. Data yang digunakan dalam kajian empiris ini merupakan data runtutaan waktu bulanan dari tahun 2011.01 sampai 2014. 12 yang berasal dari Bank Indonesia dan Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS). Alat analisis yang digunakan yaitu <em>Vector </em><em>Autoregression</em><em> Model </em>(VAR). Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa hubungan searah antara variabel cadangan devisa ke ekspor. Lalu hubungan searah antara kurs terhadap ekspor Terakhir, terdapat hubungan dua arah antara impor dan cadangan devisa, hubungan dua arah antara kurs dan cadangan devisa, hubungan dua arah antara impor dan ekspor, hubungan dua arah antara kurs dan impor. Hasil penelitian ini juga menunjukan Cadangan devisa  dipengaruhi secara signifikan oleh pergerakan dirinya sendiri pada probabilitas 1%. Variabel Ekspor berpengaruh negatif dan tidak signifikan mempengaruhi cadangan devisa. Sedangkan impor berpengaruh positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap cadangan devisa. Cadangan Devisa Indonesia dipengaruhi secara positif dan tidak  signifikan oleh kurs.</p> <p>Kata Kunci: Cadangan Devisa, Ekspor, Impor, Kurs</p> Lusia Bunga Uli ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3529 Mon, 05 Sep 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Struktur Pajak dan Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Rasio Pajak di Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3528 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the per capita income, economic growth, economic structure (industrial), tax rates (agency / company) affect Indonesia's tax ratio for the period of 2000 to 2014 were obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Finance, the World Bank, World-Wide Tax. Therefore, the per capita income, economic growth, economic structure (industrial), tax rates (agency / company) plays an important role in increasing the tax ratio, then the independent variables used in this study were (1) of per capita income, (2) growth economy, (3) the structure of the economy (industry), (4) the tax rate (agency / company), as well as the dependent variable used is the tax ratio. This study uses secondary data analysis tools used in this research is multiple linear regression with small squares method, multicolinearity test. Results from this study showed that the partial structure of the economy (industry) significantly affect the tax ratio. While simultaneously the economic structure (industrial) significantly affects the tax ratio.</p> <p><em>Keyword: Per Capita Income, Economic Growth, Economic Structure (industrial) Tax rate (agency /company), Tax Rati</em><em>o.</em></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis apakah pendapatan per kapita, pertumbuhan ekonomi, struktur ekonomi (industri), tarif pajak (badan/perusahaan) mempengaruhi rasio pajak Indonesia selama kurun waktu tahun 2000-2014 yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik, Kementerian Keuangan, Bank Dunia, World-Wide Tax. Oleh karena itu pendapatan per kapita, pertumbuhan ekonomi, struktur ekonomi (industri), tarif pajak (badan/perusahaan) berperan penting dalam meningkatkan rasio pajak, maka variabel independen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah (1) pendapatan per kapita, (2) pertumbuhan ekonomi,(3)struktur ekonomi (industri), (4)tarif pajak (badan/perusahaan), serta variabel dependen yang digunakan adalah rasio pajak.  Penelitian inimenggunakan data sekunder, alat analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah regresi linier berganda dengan metode kuadrat kecil, uji multikolinearitas. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa secara parsialstruktur ekonomi(industri) berpengaruh secarasignifikanterhadap rasio pajak. Sedangkan secara simultan struktur ekonomi (industri) berpengaruh signifikan terhadap rasio pajak.</p> <em>Kata Kunci : Pendapatan Per Kapita, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Struktur Ekonomi (industri), Tarif Pajak (badan/perusahaan), Rasio Pajak</em> Surya Leksmana Ikhsan, Amri Amir ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3528 Sun, 05 Jun 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Penerimaan PAD Pada Dinas Perikanan dan Peternakan Kabupaten Tebo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3524 <p><strong>Abstract. </strong></p> <p>This study aims to analyze potential, efficiency, effectivity and contribution of PAD admission at Department of Fishery and Animal Husbandry in Tebo Regencyincluding the strategy establishment to increase its revenue.The analysis used is a potential formula, efficiency ratio, effectivity ratio, contributions ratio and SWOT analysis.The results shows that the potential revenue of retribution slaughterhouse (RPH), the potential sales of livestock, and potential sales fishery product are beyond the current target. The efficiency level of retribution slaughterhouse (RPH) and sales of fishery product is poor, but the sales of livestock is very efficient. Effectivity level of livestock and fishery product sales are low, whileretribution slaughterhouses(RPH) is not effective regarded to its potential  but in the contrary for its target. Contribution of PAD admission of Fishery and Animal Husbandry Department is very low regarded Tebo Regency PAD. The result of SWOT analysis of retribution slaughter house (RPH) admission using WO (Weakness-Opportunity) strategy, livestock sales using SO (Strength-Oppurtunity) strategy, and fishery product sales using ST (strength-threat) strategy.</p> <p><em>Keywords: </em><em>Retribution </em><em>SlaughterHouse (RPH), Sales of Fishery, Livestock Sales, SWOT Analysis</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis potensi, efisiensi, efektivitas dan kontribusi penerimaan PAD pada Dinas Perikanan dan Peternakan Kabupaten Teboserta menetapkan strategi untuk peningkatan penerimaan PAD. Analisis yang digunakan adalah rumus potensi, rasio efisiensi, rasio efektivitas, rasio kontribusi dan analisis SWOT.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa potensi penerimaan retribusi rumah potong hewan (RPH), potensi penjualan hasil peternakan, potensi  penjualan hasil perikanan lebih besar dari target yang telah ditetapkan. Tingkat efisiensi retribusi RPH dan penjualan hasil perikanan tidak efisien, penjualan hasil peternakan sangat efisien. Tingkat efektivitas penjualan hasil peternakandan penjualan hasil perikanan tidak efektif, retribusi RPH tidak efektif berdasarkan potensi dan sangat efektif berdasarkan target.Kontribusi penerimaan PADDinas Perikanan dan Peternakan sangat kurang terhadap PAD Kabupaten Tebo. Hasil analisis SWOT penerimaan retribusi RPH menggunakan strategi WO (Weakness-Opportunity), penjualan hasil Peternakan menggunakan strategi SO (Strength-Oppurtunity), dan penjualan hasil perikanan menggunakan strategi ST (Strength-Threat).</p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <em>Kata Kunci : Retribusi Rumah Potong Hewan, Penjualan Hasil Perikanan, Penjualan Hasil Peternakan, Analisis SWOT</em> Eko Purnarianto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3524 Sun, 05 Jun 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Kompetensi Sumberdaya Manusia, Perangkat Pendukung dan Peran Auditor Internal terhadap Kualitas Laporan Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Kerinci https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3525 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze the effect of the competence of human resources, support tools and the role of the internal auditor of the quality of local government financial statements Kerinci. The method used is quantitative, criteria respondents in this study those concerned and involved technically in financial management, evaluating financial, and preparation of financial reporting in local government agencies Kerinci of 27 SKPD each SKPD researchers took four respondents consist of Subsection Head of Finance, Kasubbag Program, Evaluation and Reporting, Spending Treasurer and Treasurer Storage of Goods. Data processed by using multiple regression analysis. The results of this study demonstrate that the competence of human resources, support tools and the role of internal auditors jointly positive effect on the quality of financial reports of local government Kerinci district, the dominant factor is the competence of human resources this caused that for the preparation of financial statements required human resources who understand the financial management procedures.</p> <p><em>Keywords:</em><em> Human Resources</em><em>, </em><em>Financial Management</em><em>, Role of Internal Auditor</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kompetensi sumber daya manusia, perangkat pendukung dan peran auditor internal terhadap kualitas laporan keuangan pemerintah daerah Kabupaten Kerinci. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian kuantitatif, Kriteria responden dalam penelitian ini mereka yang berkaitan dan terlibat langsung secara teknis dengan pengelolaan keuangan, pengevaluasian keuangan, dan penyusunan pelaporan keuangan di instansi pemerintah daerah Kabupaten Kerinci dari 27 SKPD masing-masing SKPD peneliti mengambil 4 orang responden terdiri dari Kasubbag Keuangan, Kasubbag Program, Evaluasi dan Pelaporan, Bendahara Pengeluaran, dan Bendahara Penyimpan Barang. Data diolah dengan menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa kompetensi sumber daya manusia, perangkat pendukung dan peran auditor internal secara bersama-sama berpengaruh positif terhadap terhadap kualitas laporan keuangan pemerintah daerah Kabupaten Kerinci, faktor yang paling dominan yaitu kompetensi sumber daya manusia hal ini di sebabkan bahwa untuk penyusunan laporan keuangan dibutuhkan sumber daya manusia yang mengerti tata cara pengelolaan keuangan.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci :</em><em> Sumberdaya Manusia</em><em>, </em><em>Manajemen Keuangan</em><em>, Peran Auditor Internal</em></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> Freddie Lasmara, Sri Rahayu ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3525 Sun, 05 Jun 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Tingkat Kemandirian Keuangan Daerah dan Hubungannya Dengan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3526 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The purpose of this study was to analyze: 1) The level of local financial independence Jambi Province; and (2) Relationship level of local financial independence Jambi Province with economic growth. The results showed that: 1) The level of local financial independence Jambi province is still low; 2) There is no significant relationship between the ratios of local financial independence (the degree of fiscal decentralization, the dependency ratio, the ratio of the independence and effectiveness PAD) with economic growth.</p> <p><em>Keywords: local financial independence, fiscal decentralization, economic growth</em></p> <p><strong><em> </em></strong></p> <p><strong><em>Abstrak.</em></strong></p> <p>Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis: 1) Tingkat kemandirian keuangan daerah Provinsi Jambi; dan (2) Hubungan tingkat kemandirian keuangan daerah Provinsi Jambi dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa : 1) Tingkat Kemandirian keuangan Daerah Provinsi Jambi dalam pelaksanaan otonomi daerah masih rendah; 2) Tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara rasio-rasio kemandirian keuangan daerah (derajat desentralisasi fiskal, rasio ketergantungan, rasio kemandirian dan efektivitas PAD) dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci: kemandirian keuangan daerah, desentralisasi fiskal, pertumbuhan ekonomi</em></p> Rico Putra, Surya Hidayat ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3526 Sun, 05 Jun 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Perencanaan dan Penganggaran Pada Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3527 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This research tried to investigate the analysis of consistency between planning and budgeting in education departement of Jambi Province year 2011 to 2015 which viewed by the planning and budgeting document of education in Jambi Province such as; RPJMD year 2010-2015, Renstra year 2010-2015, RKPD yaer 2011-2015, Renja year 2011-2015, PPAS year 2011-2015, RKA year 2011-2015, and DPA of APBD Education department year 2011-2015. The result of the analysis continuosly was analyzed by using Matrik of Planning and Budgeting Consolidation (MKPP) for investigate level of consistency that occur and analyzed what kind of factors which caused inconsistency and what kind of effort has been done to create consistency between planning and budgeting.             The result showed level of planning and budgeting consistency between document of planning and budgeting still low. The highest consistency available in PPAS document and APBD document. The cause of inconsistency is leader policy, human resources limitedness, less coordination between sub-department and SKPD, high frequency of leader commutation and goverment’s role changing. Efforts are being made to achieve consistency between planning and budgeting is the functional improvement of human resource planning, improved coordination between field and education and the establishment of an electronic planning system (E-Planning).</p> <p><em>Keyword : Consistency, Planning, Budgeting, Education, Region Goverment </em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p><strong> </strong>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran pada Dinas Pendidikan Provinsi Jambi Tahun 2011-2015 yang dilihat dari dokumen perencanaan dan pengaggaran pendidikan di Provinsi Jambi seperti RPJMD Tahun 2010-2015, Renstra Tahun 2010-2015, RKPD Tahun 2011-2015, Renja 2011-2015, PPAS Tahun 2011-2015, RKA Tahun 2011-2015, dan DPA Dinas Pendidikan APBD Tahun 2011-2015.Hasil analisa tersebut selanjutnya di analisis dengan menggunakan Matrik Konsolidasi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran (MKPP) untuk mengetahui tingkat konsistensi yang terjadi dan menganalisis faktor-faktor apa yang menyebabkan inkonsistensi serta upaya apa yang dilakukan untuk mewujudkan konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran.             Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan tingkat konsistensi perencanaan dan penganggaran antara dokumen perencanaan dan penganggaran masih rendah. Konsistensi tertinggi ada pada dokumen PPAS dan APBD. Penyebab ketidakkonsistenan adalah kebijakan pimpinan, keterbatasan sumberdaya manusia, kurangnya koordinasi antar bidang dan SKPD, sering terjadinya pergantian pejabat, dan perubahan peraturan pemerintah. Upaya yang dilakukan untuk mewujudkan konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran adalah peningkatan kualitas sumberdaya manusia fungsional perencana, peningkatan koordinasi antar bidang dan SKPD dan pembentukan sistem perencanaan elektronik (E-Planning).</p> <em>Kata Kunci : Konsistensi, Perencanaan, Penganggaran, Pendidikan, Pemerintah Daerah</em> Meri Darlina, Yannizar Yannizar, Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3527 Sun, 05 Jun 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Kinerja Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah Terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3514 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p>The purposes of this study are to analyze the development of local revenue and expenditures in the Jambi Province, to analyze financial performance in view of the ratio of the degree of fiscal decentralization, the financial dependence, independence, effectiveness PAD, PAD efficiency and harmony of direct expenditures and) to analyze the effect of the financial performance on the Human Development Index (HDI). The analysis of statistics descriptive is used to describe and explain the data such as status/level variables were given in the form of a ratio/percentage, table graphs and diagrams. The data were also analyzed using several analytical tools to test classic assumption, multiple linear regression was used to test the hypothesis. The results showed that only 2 (two) variables (the ratio of the degree of fiscal decentralization and harmony direct spending) affect the HDI significantly. Meanwhile, three other variables (financial dependency, effectiveness and efficiency of PAD) do not significantly affect the HDI. Based on the findings, it could be concluded that the HDI in Jambi Province in the time frame of 2001-2014 was only influenced by the ratio of the degree of fiscal decentralization and harmony direct spending.<p><em>Keywords : Fiscal decentralization, the local government financial dependency ratio, Human Development Index (HDI)</em></p><p> </p><p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perkembangan pendapatan daerah dan belanja daerah di Provinsi Jambi.Untuk menganalisis kinerja keuangan di lihat dari rasio derajat desentralisasi fiskal, ketergantungan keuangan daerah, kemandirian daerah, efektivitas PAD, efisiensi PAD dan keserasian belanja langsung dan untukmenganalisis pengaruh kinerja keuangan terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM). Analisis ini adalah metode statistik deskriptif dengan mendeskripsikan dan menjelaskan data yang telah terkumpul secara deskriptif yakni satus/level variabel-variabel yang diamati dalam bentuk rasio/persentase, tabel grafik ataupun diagram dan dengan menggunakan beberapa alat analisis uji asumsi klasik, regresi linear berganda dan uji hipotesis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: dari varabel penelitian hanya 2 (dua) variabel yang signifikan berpengaruh terhadap IPM, dari ke dua variabel tersebut adalah rasio derajat desentralisasi fiskal dan keserasian belanja langsung. Sementara itu, tiga variabel yaitu: rasio ketergantungan keuangan daerah, efektivitas PAD dan efisiensi PAD tidak signifikan berpengaruh terhadap IPM. Berdasarkan temuan penelitian, maka diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa IPM di Provinsi Jambi periode 2001-2014 dipengaruhi oleh rasio derajat desentralisasi fiskal dan keserasian belanja langsung</p> <p><em>Kata kunci : </em><em>D</em><em>esentralisasi fiskal, rasio ketergantungan keuangan daerah, Indeks Pembagunan Manusia</em></p><p><em><br /></em></p><p><em><br /></em></p> Eka Marisca Harliyani, Haryadi Haryadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3514 Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Kondisi dan Proyeksi Ketenagakerjaan di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3516 <strong>Abstract.</strong><p>The study aimed to: (1) Analyze labor force conditions in Jambi province; (2) Labor force projection in Jambi province in the next five years including supply, demand, and the balance between labor supply and demand. Data that were used are secondary data including the total population, labor, workforce, GRDP, and other supporting data. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze labor conditions using measurements of labor force. Projection of labor supply was obtained from projection of LFPR (Labor Force Participation Rate) and projection of population. Exponential growth method was used for projection of LFPR. Projection of population was based on projected results of population in Indonesia 2010 – 2035 per provinces that has been compiled by Badan PusatStatistik RI or Central Bureau of Statistics of Republic of Indonesia. Projection of labor supply was using <em>Employment Elasticity</em> based on Cobb-Douglas’ derivation of production functions with two inputs. Results indicated that: 1) The majority of working population in Jambi province works in agricultural sector in status as informal sector, has low level of education (secondary education or below) and working hours more than 35 hours per week; 2) The average percentage of LFPR in Jambi province is 66,74 percent per year with the average percentage of Tingkat Pengangguran Terbuka (TPT) or Open Unemployment Rate in Jambi province is 4,66 percent per year. According to the labor force projection in Jambi province, in 2020 it is estimated that the total number of labor force in Jambi province is 1.938.058 while the number of labor demands or employment opportunities in Jambi province is only 1.903.625, with the total labor surplus is 34.443.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Labor Force, Unemployment, Labor Supply, Labor Demand</em></p><strong>Abstrak.</strong><p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) Menganalisis kondisi ketenaga kerjaan di Provinsi Jambi; (2) Proyeksi ketenaga kerjaan di Provinsi Jambi dalam 5 tahun mendatang yang mencakup persediaan, kebutuhan dan kesesuaian persediaan dengan kebutuhan tenaga kerja. Data yang digunakan data sekunder meliputi jumlah penduduk, tenaga kerja, angkatan kerja, PDRB dan data pendukung lainnya. Untuk menganalisis kondisi ketenagakerjaan dianalisis secara deskriptif dengan menggunakan ukuran-ukuran ketenagakerjaan. Proyeksi persediaan tenaga kerja diperoleh dari proyeksi TPAK dan proyeksi penduduk. Proyeksi Proyeksi TPAK dengan metode pertumbuhan eksponensial. Proyeksi penduduk didasarkan hasil proyeksi penduduk Indonesia 2010 – 2035 per provinsi yang telah disusun oleh Badan Pusat Statistik RI. Proyeksi kebutuhan tenaga kerja menggunakan <em>Employment Elasticity </em>berdasarkan derivasi fungsi produksi Cobb-Douglas dengan 2 input. Hasil penelitian menemukan: 1) Mayoritas penduduk yang bekerja di Provinsi Jambi bekerja pada sektor pertanian dan pada status usaha sektor informal, dengan  pendidikan umumnya SMP ke bawah  dan jam kerja lebih dari 35 jam seminggu; 2)Rata-rata Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja (TPAK) di Provinsi Jambi adalah sebesar 66,74 persen pertahun dengan rata-rata Tingkat Pengangguran Terbuka (TPT) di Provinsi Jambi adalah sebesar 4,66 persen pertahun; Berdasarkan proyeksi terhadap ketenagakerjaan di Provinsi Jambi maka pada Tahun 2020 di perkirakan jumlah angkatan kerja yang ada di Provinsi Jambi sebanyak 1.938.058 orang sementara jumlah kebutuhan tenaga kerja atau kesempatan kerja di Provinsi Jambi diperkirakan hanya sebanyak 1.903.625 orang, dengan surplus tenaga kerja sebanyak 34.433 orang.</p> <p><em>Kata kunci: Angkatan Kerja, Pengangguran, Persediaan tenaga kerja, Kebutuhan Tenaga Kerja</em></p> Junaidi Junaidi, Zulfanetti Zulfanetti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3516 Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Konsistensi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran serta Implikasinya terhadap Capaian Target Kinerja pada Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Merangin https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3517 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze the consistency between planning and budgeting as well as the gains at SKPD. Because planning and budgeting at SKPD greatly contributed to the success of the planning and budgeting in the city. SKPD who becomes the object of study is Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Merangin. Assessment of consistency between the programs and activities carried out by using a document Matrik Konsolidasi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran (MKPP) and cause inconsistent by analyzing the results of indepth interviews.    The analysis shows that the consistency between planning and budgeting documents at Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin been consistent. The highest consistency is documents RKA and DPA. The cause is not consistent is the Government’s strategic policy areas, political interest, fiscal capacity, lack of quality planning officials and the lack of commitment in maintaining the consistency of planning and budgeting. Analysis of performance achievements at Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin showed that in general the achievement of objectives, programs and activities in accordance with the target that has been set.</p> <p><em>Keywords : The Consistency of Planning and Budgetting, and The Achievement of Performance Targets</em></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis konsistensi antara perencanaan dan penganggaran serta capaian kinerja pada SKPD. Karena perencanaan dan penganggaran di SKPD sangat berkontribusi terhadap suksesnya perencanaan dan penganggaran di daerah. SKPD yang menjadi objek penelitian adalah Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten Merangin. Penilaian konsistensi antara program dan kegiatan dokumen dilakukan dengan menggunakan Matrik Konsolidasi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran (MKPP) dan penyebab ketidak konsistenan dilakukan dengan menganalisis hasil wawancara mendalam. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa konsistensi antara dokumen perencanaan dan penganggaran pada Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin sudah konsisten. Konsistensi tertinggi ada pada dokumen RKA dan DPA. Penyebab ketidak konsistenan adalah adanya kebijakan strategis pemerintah daerah, kepentingan politik, kemampuan keuangan daerah, kurangnya kualitas pejabat perencana dan rendahnya komitmen dalam menjaga konsistensi perencanaan dan penganggaran. Analisis capaian kinerja pada Bappeda Kabupaten Merangin menunjukkan bahwa secara umum pencapaian sasaran, program dan kegiatan telah sesuai dengan target yang telah ditetapkan.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci : Konsistensi Perencanaan dan Penganggaran, dan Capaian Target Kinerja</em></p> Namira Osrinda, Arman Delis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3517 Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Sektor/Sub Sektor Unggulan di Kabupaten Bungo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3519 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze the leading sectors in Bungo. The method used is Location Quotient (LQ), Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ), specialization index, Growth Ratio Model (MRP). Based on analysis of LQ and DLQ, there are only two basis sectors at present and in the future, namely the construction sector and trade, hotels and restaurants. Based on the analysis of Specialization Index, in Bungo Regency has a concentration of the economy in the agricultural sector and the manufacturing sector. Based on MRP analysis also showed that prominent sector growth at the level of Bungo and Jambi Province, namely electricity, gas and water supply; the building sector; and trade, hotels and restaurants.</p> <p><em>Keywords</em><em> : Location Quotient (LQ)</em><em>, </em><em>Dinamic Location Quotient (DLQ), </em><em>Specialization Index</em><em>, </em><em>Growth Ratio Model<strong></strong></em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sektor unggulan di Kabupaten Bungo. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis Location Quotient (LQ), Dinamic Location Quotient (DLQ), indeks spesialisasi, Model Rasio Pertumbuhan (MRP). Berdasarkan analisis LQ dan DLQ,  hanya ada 2 sektor yang menjadi sektor basis pada saat ini dan pada masa yang akan datang yaitu sektor bangunan dan sektor perdagangan, hotel dan restoran. Berdasarkan analisis Indeks Spesialisasi, di Kabupaten Bungo telah terjadi konsentrasi ekonomi pada sektor pertanian dan sektor industri pengolahan. Berdasarkan analisis MRP juga dapat diketahui bahwa sektor yang menonjol pertumbuhannya pada tingkat Kabupaten Bungo dan Provinsi Jambi yaitu sektor listrik, gas dan air bersih; sektor bangunan; serta sektor perdagangan, hotel dan restoran.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci : Location Quotient (LQ)</em><em>, </em><em>Dinamic Location Quotient (DLQ), indeks spesialisasi, Model Rasio Pertumbuhan</em><strong><em></em></strong></p> Gafur Gafur, Muhammad Safri, Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3519 Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Pemanfaatan Teknologi Informasi pada Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3535 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze the use of information technology in small and medium micro enterprises in the Municipality of Jambi. Surveys conducted at 43 businesses SMEs. The results showed the low utilization of information technology in SMEs because: 1) the lack of understanding of the benefits of information technology; 2) the low availability of investment; 3) low support government institutions</p> <p><em>Keywords: technology,  investment, government,</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pemanfaatan teknologi informasi pada usaha mikro kecil dan menengah di Kota Jambi. Untuk kepentingan tersebut dilakukan survai pada  43 pelaku usaha UMKM. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan masih rendahnya pemanfaatan teknologi informasi pada UMKM yang disebabkan: 1) rendahnya pemahaman terhadap manfaata tekonologi informasi; 2) rendahnya ketersediaan investasi;  3) rendahnya dukungan lembaga pemerintah.</p> <em>Kata kunci: teknologi,  investasi, pemerintah</em> Tona Aurora Lubis, junaidi junaidi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3535 Thu, 03 Mar 2016 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Terhadap Pendapatan Asli Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2638 <p>This study aimed to analyze the effect of economic growth on revenue districts / cities in Jambi Province. The data used is data panel districts / cities in Jambi province during the Year 2007-2013. Data were analyzed using panel data regression. The study found that a significant effect of economic growth to local revenue. This means that the economic growth of the district/city has been effective in increasing revenue growth. In other words, economic growth has spread in the economic sector is a source of local revenue.</p> Ayu Desmawati, Zamzami Zamzami, Zulgani Zulgani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2638 Sat, 06 Feb 2016 02:23:26 +0700 Potensi Penerimaan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan Sektor Perdesaan dan Perkotaan di Kabupaten Batang Hari https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2636 This research aims at looking at levels of growth, contribution, potency and projection of income from Land and Building Tax (PBB) in rural and urban sectors in Batang Hari Distric. The analysis instruments used are : growth, contribution, potency analysis and projection. Analysis result shows  that the average of income growth of Land and Building Tax in rural and urban sectors since observation period is  9,67% ; and the contribution  of Land and Building Tax in rural and urban sectors to Budget of Local revenue and Expenditure (APBD) is only in the average of 0,89%, meaning that it is still low. Whereas  the average targetted is 59,34% of the known potency. This means that the target can be increased.  Furthermore, in accordance with estimates projection result for  2014-2020 get increased. This means that the income prospect will continuonsly increase The growth of income will be better if data collection is accurately carried out every year ; human resources of this division is increased; and coordination is continuously improved. Rama Adi Putra, Arman Delis, Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2636 Sat, 06 Feb 2016 02:20:42 +0700 Analisis Derajat Kejenuhan dan Biaya Kemacetan pada Ruas Jalan Utama di Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2614 <p>This study aimed to analyze: 1) The degree of saturation levels that occur on main roads in Jambi City; 2) Congestion costs borne by road users and the wider community as a result of the congestion that occurs on the main roads in Jambi City. The study was conducted with <em>traffic counting</em> method of survey and <em>moving car observer </em>method of survey. The study was conducted on Jalan Kapten A. Bakaruddin, Jambi City. To analyze the level of congestion, researcher used degree of saturation of roads equation. To calculate the cost of congestion, it was done by reducing the general cost of travel on the actual conditions with the conditions expected. Models of calculation use a method approach of LAPI ITB, MHS resulted from World Bank study in Indonesia and study approach of IHCM. The results from this research are: 1) the degree of saturation of traffic flow at peak activity is 0.89, which means "unstable flow, low speed and different, as well as volume approaches capacity”; 2) The occurrence of congestion on the roads has caused a charge of USD 638.82 per vehicle (SMP) per km of travel. Based on the number of vehicles passing through the toll road, the total additional costs due to the congestion is Rp 2,744,972.07 per an hour of congestion.</p> Hardiani Hardiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2614 Wed, 03 Feb 2016 19:17:03 +0700 Dampak Pemberian Subsidi Produksi Terhadap Keseimbangan Pasar pada Pasar Persaingan Sempurna dan Pasar Monopoli https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3505 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze: (1) the impact of subsidies on the market equilibriumin perfect competition and monopoly markets (2) the impact of subsidies on the efficiency of markets, surplus buyer-seller on the market perfect competition and monopoly market. Research using method of experimental economics. The simulated market in the form of a) a perfectly competitive market with goods subsidized and non-subsidized goods; b) a monopoly market with goods subsidized and non-subsidized goods. Data were analyzed at each simulation and the market structure of each type of goods. The result showed that: (1) Empirical equilibrium price higher than the market monopoly of perfect competition and the higher the subsidy conditions than non-subsidized either on transaction systems double action or decentralization; (2) market with subsidized monopoly has a level of market efficiency is better than a perfectly competitive market both with and without subsidies; (3) The allocation of the surplus on the market almost entirely monopoly enjoyed by the seller. In contrast to the perfectly competitive market, relatively more surplus enjoyed by the buyer, but the difference is not too great.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="1" height="3"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p><em>Keywords: experimental economics, monopoly market, perfect competition market, subsidies</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis: (1) dampak subsidi terhadap keseimbangan pasar pada pasar persaingan sempurna dan pasar monopoli (2) dampak subsidi terhadap efisiensi pasar, surplus pembeli-penjual pada pasar persaingan sempurna dan pasar monopoli. Penelitian menggunakan metode percobaan ekonomi. Pasar disimulasi dalam bentuk a) pasar persaingan sempurna dengan barang non subsidi dan barang subsidi desentralisasi; b) pasar monopoli dengan barang non subsidi dan barang subsidi desentralisasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis pada masing-masing simulasi struktur pasar  dan pada masing-masing jenis barang. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa: (1) Harga keseimbangan empiris lebih tinggi pada pasar monopoli dibandingkan persaingan sempurna dan lebih tinggi pada kondisi subsidi dibandingkan non-subsidi baik pada sistem transaksi <em>double action</em><em> </em>ataupun desentralisasi; (2) Pasar monopoli dengan subsidi memiliki tingkat efisiensi pasar lebih baik dibandingkan pasar persaingan sempurna baik dengan subsidi maupun tanpa subsidi; (3) Alokasi surplus pada pasar monopoli hampir seluruhnya dinikmati oleh penjual. Sebaliknya pada pasar persaingan sempurna, surplus relatif lebih banyak dinikmati oleh pembeli, tetapi dengan selisih yang tidak terlalu besar.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="1" height="5"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p><em>Kata Kunci: Ekonomi Percobaan, Pasar Monopoli, Pasar Persaingan Sempurna, Subsidi</em></p> Hardiani Hardiani, Etik Umiyati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3505 Sun, 20 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Partisipasi Penganggaran terhadap Kinerja Manajerial SKPD dengan Kejelasan Sasaran Anggaran, Komitmen Tujuan Anggaran, Keadilan Distributif dan Pengawasan Internal sebagai Variabel Intervening https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3501 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This research aims to determine the effect of budgetary participation on managerial performance with clarity budgetary targets, budget goal commitment, distributive fairness, and internal controls as intervening variables. Data collection was done using questionnaires and dedicated to 138 middle level managers of SKPD in Jambi Province as respondents. Respondents was selected by purposive sampling method in which the respondents should have middle level manager position, minimum of one year experience in that position, and involved in the making of budget. The analysis technique used in this study is Partial Least Square (PLS). Stastical analysis showed budget participation could not influenced on managerial performace, but that clarity budgetary targets, budget goal commitment, distributive fairness, and internal controls could be a intervening variables in the relationship of budget participation on managerial performace.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="1" height="9"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p> </p> <br /> <p><em>Keywords: Managerial performance, budgetary participation, clarity budgetary targets, distributive fairness, and internal controls<strong> </strong></em></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh partisipasi penganggaran pada kinerja manajerial dengan kejelasan sasaran anggaran, komitmen tujuan anggaran, keadilan distributif, dan pengawasan internal sebagai variabel intervening. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner, dengan 138 orang manajer tingkat menengah pada SKPD Provinsi Jambi sebagai responden. Responden dipilih berdasarkan metode purposive sampling, yaitu memiliki jabatan (kepala bidang/kepala bagian/kepala unit dan kepala sub bidang/kepala sub bagian/kepala sub unit), telah menduduki jabatan tersebut minimal 1 tahun, serta terlibat dalam proses penyusunan anggaran. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah Partial Least Square (PLS). Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan bahwa partisipasi penganggaran secara langsung tidak berpengaruh  pada kinerja manajerial namun partisipasi penganggaran berpengaruh pada kinerja manajerial dengan kejelasan sasaran anggaran, komitmen tujuan anggaran, keadilan distributif, dan pengawasan internal</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="1" height="12"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p><em> </em></p> <br /> <p><em>Kata kunci:</em><em> </em><em>Partisipasi penganggaran, Kinerja Manajerial, Kejelasan Sasaran Anggaran, Keadilan Distributif, dan Pengawasan Internal.</em></p> Miftahul Jannah, Sri Rahayu ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3501 Sun, 20 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3502 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aims to determine the development of third-party funds of Islamic Banking in Indonesia. This study uses time series data Q1 2008 to Q4 2012. The analysis tool used is multiple regression. Based on the survey results revealed that conventional banking interest rate (r), the equivalent rate (ER), Economic Growth (PE) and Growth Outlet (PO) are jointly very significant effect on Islamic Banking Deposits While partially known that  conventional banking interest rate (r) significantly affects deposits, equivalent rate (ER) was not statistically significant effect, Economic Growth (PE) no statistically significant effect and Growth Outlet (PO) statistically significant effect on Deposits Islamic Banking.</p> <p><em>Keywords:</em><em>interest rate, outlet, equivalent rate</em></p><p><em> </em></p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="2" height="1"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <br /> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perkembangan penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK) Perbankan Syariah di Indonesia. Penelitian ini menggunakan data time series triwulan 1 tahun 2008 sampai dengan triwulan 4 tahun 2012. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah regresi berganda. Berdasarkan hasil analisis diketahui bahwa Suku Bunga perbankan konvensional (r), Equivalen rate (ER), Pertumbuhan Ekonomi (PE) dan Pertumbuhan Outlet (PO)secara bersama-sama berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap DPK Perbankan Syariah. Sementara secara parsial diketahui bahwa Suku bunga Perbankan konvensional (r) berpengaruh signifikan terhadap DPK, Equivalen rate (ER) tidak berpengaruh signifikan secara statistik, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi (PE) tidak berpengaruh signifikan secara statistik dan Pertumbuhan Outlet (PO) berpengaruh signifikan secara statistik terhadap DPK Perbankan Syariah.</p> <p><em>Kata Kunci:</em><em> tingkat bunga, outlet, equivalent rate</em></p><p><em> </em></p> Bambang Prasetya, Syamsurijal Tan, Arman Delis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3502 Sun, 20 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Keterkaitan Industri Pengolahan dalam Perekonomian Provinsi Jambi (Pendekatan Input Output) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3503 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>Analysis of the manufacturing sector in the province of Jambi found that: 1) The manufacturing sector which has the greatest value of direct forward linkage is the fertilizer industry sector, while the manufacturing sector which has the gratest value of direct and indirect forward linkage is the CPO industry sector ; 2) The manufacturing sector that has the largest value of backward linkage  is fertilizer industry sector, while the manufacturing sector which has has the greatest value of direct and indirect backward linkage is CPO industry sector; 3) The results of the simulation injection indirect spending generates economic growth is small, while simulating the injection of direct expenditure economic growth is relatively large compared to injection of indirect expenditures.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="1" height="7"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p>Keyword : <em>Input Output , forward linkage, backward linkage</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstrak.</strong></p> <p>Hasil analisis terhadap sektor industri pengolahan di Provinsi Jambi menemukan bahwa: 1) Industri pengolahan yang memiliki nilai keterkaitan langsung ke depan terbesar adalah industri pupuk, sedangkan yang memiliki nilai keterkaitan langsung dan tidak langsung kedepan terbesar adalah sektor industri CPO; 2) Industri pengolahan yang memiliki nilai keterkaitan ke belakang terbesar adalah industri pupuk, sedangkan yang memiliki nilai keterkaitan langsung dan tidak langsung kebelakang terbesar adalah industri CPO; 3) Hasil simulasi injeksi belanja tidak langsung secara keseluruhan menghasilkan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang kecil, sedangkan simulasi injeksi belanja langsung secara keseluruhan mampu menghasilkan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang relatif besar dibandingkan injeksi belanja tidak langsung.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="1" height="11"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p>Kata Kunci :<em>Input Output, Keterkaitan Kedepan,</em><em> </em><em>Keterkaitan Kebelakang</em></p> Muhammad Firmansyah, Haryadi Haryadi, Etik Umiyati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3503 Sun, 20 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Sektor Ekonomi Unggulan di Kabupaten Batanghari https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3504 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze the leading sectors in the district of Batanghari. The analysis tool used is location quotient, dynamic location quotient, shift-share and specialisation index. Based on the analysis found that the sectors of the economy in the district of Batanghari can be grouped into four criteria: 1) The leading sector is the services sector; 2) The main supporting sectors are the electricity sector and the transportation sector; 3) The prospective sectors are agriculture, industry, building and construction and trade sectors; 4) The less promising sector are the mining sector and the financial sector.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="2" height="9"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p><em>Keywords: </em><em>Leading sector, Main supporting sector, prospectif sector</em></p><p><em> </em></p> <p><strong> </strong></p> <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis sektor ekonomi unggulan di Kabupaten Batanghari. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah location quotient, dinamic location quotient, shift-share dan indeks spesialisasi. Berdasarkan hasil analisis ditemukan bahwa sektor perekonomian di Kabupaten Batanghari dapat dikelompokkan atas empat kriteria yaitu: 1) sektor unggulan adalah sektor jasa-jasa; 2) sektor andalan adalah sektor listrik dan sektor pengangkutan; 3) sektor prospektif adalah sektor pertanian, industri, bangunan dan konstruksi serta sektor perdagangan; 4) sektor kurang prospektif adalah sektor pertambangan dan sektor keuangan.</p> <table cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left"><tbody><tr><td width="2" height="8"></td></tr> <tr><td></td> <td></td></tr></tbody></table><p>Kata kunci: Sektor unggulan, sektor andalan, sektor prospektif</p> Yurliana Yurliana, M.Rachmad R, Selamet Rachmadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/3504 Sun, 20 Dec 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Tingkat Ketergantungan Fiskal dan Hubungannya dengan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2635 This study aimed to quantify the fiscal needs in the city jambi and analyze the relationship between the level of fiscal dependency of between the level of fiscal dependency of economic growth in the city of Jambi and see how big the city’s fiscal dependence on the central govermeny Jambi. The results of this study indicate that the Fiscal Needs  in Jambi has increased significantly each  year,  with an  average growth of 27  times  greater where the level of dependence of the Local Government Fiscal Jambi city against the central government is still very High, on average within 6 year (2008 to 2013) obtained the proportion of revenue to the level of fiscal decentralization Jambi each including a small category with an average of 10.93%. This suggests that the fiscal capacity of the city of Jambi to implement regional autonomy  means  that  the  dependency  ratio  is  the  small  city  of  Jambi  to  the  central government is very high at 89.07 to the relationship between the Fiscal Dependence Levels of Economic Growth in Jambi indicates perfect correlation and positive direction. Dito Wijaya, Haryadi Haryadi, Zulgani Zulgani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2635 Mon, 06 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Kebutuhan dan Kapasitas Fiskal serta Hubungannya dengan Belanja Pegawai di Kabupaten Tebo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2637 The ability of fiscal capacity that does not support the fiscal needs allows the fiscal gap . General Allocation Grand which comes from the central government aims to address the fiscal gap . Based on the explanation Regulation No. 55 of 2005 on the balance funds , General Allocation Grand (DAU) aimed at inter- regional equalization capabilities through the application of a formula that takes into account the needs of personnel expenditure , fiscal needs and potential of the region . This study was conducted to determine the effect of Construction Cost Index , Relative Poverty Index and Human Development Index for Fiscal Needs . This study uses multiple regression analysis 2001-2011 . And to determine the relationship of DBH and Local Revenue Fiscal Capacity in Tebo regency, as well as to determine the relationship between Fiscal Capacity, Fiscal Needs and personnel expenditures performed by Pearson correlation test . The survey results revealed that the Construction Cost Index and  relative poverty index negatively affect on Fiscal Needs . Human Development Index positive effect on Fiscal Needs in Tebo. Pearson correlation of test results are known DBH positively and significantly associated with a P value or Sig 0,000 and Locally Generated Revenue  positive and significant with a P value Fiscal Capacity sig 0.033 or less than 0.05 . Fiscal Needs and Fiscal Capacity positively associated with personnel expenditures and significant with a P value or Sig 0.000 or less than 0.05. Sri Rosmawati, M. Rachmad. R, Zamzami Zamzami ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2637 Mon, 06 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Struktur Biaya dan Profitabilitas Usaha Tani Kacang Tanah di Desa Pulahenti Kecamatan Sumalata Kabupaten Gorontalo Utara https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2639 This study aims to determine the cost structure of the peanut farm in the village of Pulahenti and to determine the profitability of farming in the village Pulahenti peanuts. The method used in this study is a survey method consists of primary data obtained through interviews with peanut farmers using questionnaires / questionnaire and secondary data obtained from the Office of Rural Pulahenti and BPS. sampling technique is done by using the method of sampling saturated or where all members of a population census respondents sampled farmers. Analysis of the data used is the cost of farming, farm receipts, farm profits, and analysis of R / C ratio. Results of data analysis showed that the cost structure of the peanut farm in the village Pulahenti consisting of a fixed fee that includes the cost of land taxes, depreciation of equipment, and wage labor in the family and the variable costs include the cost of seeds, fertilizers, medicines, and wage labor work outside the family. The average profitability of peanut farm profitability in the Village Pulahenti of Rp. 4.859.992,5/ farmers with the R / C ratio of Rp. 1,86. Based on the criterion value R / C ratio of more than one meaning can be said peanut farm in the village of Pulahenti profitable and worth the effort Yuriko Boekoesoe, Yanti Saleh ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2639 Mon, 06 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Dinamika Ekonomi dan Peluang Kerja Rumah Tangga Perkebunan Rakyat di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2634 This study aimed to analyze: (1) to analyze the economic dynamics of the household smallholder plantation  in Tanjung Jabung Barat which include changes in household assets, expenditure and consumption patterns of the household; (2) to analyze the dynamics of domestic employment opportunities household smallholder plantation  in Tanjung Jabung Barat which includes changes in working hours and employment status both of head or household members. The main data used in this study is raw data SUSENAS Year 2010 and 2014. Descriptive data were analyzed quantitatively using a single frequency tables. The research found that: 1) During the period from year 2010 to 2014, the general economic welfare of households smallholder plantations in Tanjung Jabung Barat has shown. This can be seen from the aspect of increasing ownership and quality of housing and the ownership of productive assets and other household assets. In addition, the increase in prosperity is also evident from the increase in household expenditures and changes in food consumption patterns and non-food; 2) In terms of working hours devoted a good show that a relatively large proportion of heads of households and household members who work above the normal working hours. Allocation of long working hours is one of the survival strategies of households smallholder plantations in Tanjung Jabung Barat; 3) From the job status shows most heads of households trying to temporary laborers/workers are not paid. These unpaid workers generally are members of the household Amril Amril, Erfit Erfit, Yulmardi Yulmardi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2634 Wed, 01 Jul 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Potensi Sektor Perekonomian di Kabupaten Malinau Provinsi Kalimantan Utara https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2613 This study uses LQ Analysis Tool, DLQ, Shift Share, and Overlay during 5 yeares (2009 – 2013). As for the operating variable in this study is the GDP at Constant Prices, Economic Growth, Growth Sector, in the economy of Malinau Regency and the North of Borneo Province. Based on the results of the analysis are sector LQ base (seed) in Malinau Regency is agriculture, electricity, gas and water, building and construction sector, the hotel and restaurant trade, and services sectors. DLQ analysis results show that, of the nine in the field of business, only the mining and quarrying sector that has a great chance to be developed in the future. Then, with a Shift Share Analysis results it is known that there is a change in the sectoral aggregate workmanship compared to the changes in the same sector in the economy with the Malinau Regency Regional Share (Rj) of -557,195.12 million rupiah. Shift Differential category (Dj) are seven sector experienced more rapid economic growth in Malinau Regency than North of Borneo Province or Pj &lt;0. From category Proportional Shift (Pj) are eight sectors experiencing economic growth more quickly in Malinau Regency than North of Borneo Province or Pj&gt; 0. The other side, from the results of the Analysis of Overlay, there are six sector, which has a value notation is quite positive and dominant namely: agriculture, electricity, gas and water, building and construction sector, trade, hotels and restaurants, as well as services sector dominates with results notation (+ - +). Dio Caisar Darma, Haryadi Haryadi, Etik Umiyati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2613 Fri, 03 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Strategi Pengembangan Koperasi Unit Desa (KUD) Berkat Telaga Kecamatan Telaga Kabupaten Gorontalo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2618 <p class="Default">The purpose of this study (1) to determine the internal and external factors that influence the development of KUD Berkat, (2) determine the development strategy of KUD Berkat. The collection of data is based on surveys and interviews. Analysis of the data used is the SWOT analysis. These results indicate that strategy is applied to the activities of KUD Berkat which is a strategy (SO): Utilizing the business units that are managed by looking at market opportunities for commodities produced cooperatives, improve the quality of service to members, (ST): increase the business unit is managed in order to reduce competition intensifies, (WO): improve guidance and training of government employees and cooperative management, hiring back employees in accordance with the competencies required cooperative, (WT): optimizing a computerized system in order efensiensi and effectiveness of operational activities KUD Berkat, improve internal cooperation in the operational management of the cooperative.</p> Yanti Saleh, Siska Ismail ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2618 Fri, 03 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Klasifikasi Pertumbuhan, Sektor Basis dan Kompetitif Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2617 <p>This study aims to determine the classification of economic growth in the city of Jambi, base and non-base sectors in the economy of the city of Jambi, Competitive sectors in the economy of the city of Jambi and to determine the leading sectors in Jambi city.The results showed that based on the analysis tipology Klassen, there are three (3) sectors forward and grow exponentially (quadrant I), namely manufacturing industry, trade sector, hotel and restaurant as well as transport and communication sectors.           During the period 2000-2012 the leading sectors in the city of Jambi based analysis of location Quetiont (LQ) there are as many as seven sectors, namely Manufacturing (LQ = 1.37), sector Electricity, Gas and Water (LQ = 3.25), Construction sector (LQ = 1.61), the sector of Trade, Hotels and Restaurants (LQ = 1.38), transport and communications sector (LQ = 2.52), Financial sector, Leasing &amp; Business Services (LQ = 1.76) Offices and Services sector (LQ = 1.44). Based Shift Share Analysis for the period 2000-2012, the sectors that possess proporsioal growth component value (P) positive namely Mining and Quarrying sector, sectors Electricity Gas and Water, Building sector, the hotel and restaurant trade sector, as well as the financial sector, leasing and services company. Sectors which show the value of diffrential Shift (D) is positive Manufacturing sector, trade sector, hotel and restaurant as well as transport and communications sectors. Based on a combined analysis of three tools of analysis shows that the sector is the dominant sector in the sector that belong criteria developed and grown by leaps and bounds, and competitive sector basis is the sector of Trade, Hotels and Restaurants.</p> Yusral Yusral, Junaidi Junaidi, Adi Bhakti ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2617 Fri, 03 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Produksi dan Pendapatan Petani Karet di Kabupaten Bungo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2616 <p>The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of rubber farmers, to determine and analyze revenue and  profit    rubber production in the sample, to determine and analyze the level of income    inequality  rubber  farmers  of  the  people  in the sample,  and to identify   and   analyze  the factors that affect smallholder rubber production in the sample. Based on these results suggested to the government should work closely with farmers in encouraging the opening of degraded land through various cooperation for optimal land use, because the land proved to have a significant influence on people's rubber production in Bungo.</p> Jonni Ali, Arman Delis, Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2616 Fri, 03 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Kelayakan Finansial dan Non Finansial pada Usaha Kopra di Desa Siduwonge Kecamatan Randangan Kabupaten Pohuwato https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2615 <p>The purpose of this study were: 1). To determine whether the copra business financially   worth  the  effort  in  the  Village  District  of  Randangan  Siduwonge Pohuwato. 2). To determine whether the effort is worth the effort copra nonfinancial Siduwonge Village District of Randangan  Pohuwato. This study was conducted in May to July. This type of research is survey research. The data obtained in this study is that the data in the form of primary and secondary data. Sampling will  be done against  the  30  respondents  using  purposive  sampling.  The  analysis  used  is  the financial  analysis of the Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Gross B / C Ratio, Net B / C Ratio and Payback Period. The results showed 1). Financially copra business in the Village District of Randangan  Pohuwato  Siduwonge  worth  the  effort  with  9.2  Million  NPV,  IRR (20.11%), Gross B / C ratio (1.27), Net B / C ratio (3.38 ) and payback period of 7 years  6  months.  2).  In  non-financial  businesses  in  the  village  copra  Siduwonge District of Randangan Pohuwato divided on several aspects which are as follows: a). Aspects  of  the  Market.  In  a  marketing  system  for  businesses   in  the  Village Siduwonge   copra,   farmers   sell   directly   to   buyers   who   typically   have   long subscription. Where the buyer directly come to the farmers who sell the copra. b). Technical  Aspects. In this technical aspect of the farmers in the village siduwonge almost all have their own land as many as 25 people, but there are also some who rent land that is 5 people. c). Management  aspects. In the management aspect of the planning is done before the process of harvesting coconuts into copra to be produced, the farmers in the village siduwonge not incorporated in the organization and for the direction and supervision in accordance with the land held by the copra farmers and for supervision also aims to work performed by farm workers in accordance with a predetermined agreement.</p> Yuriko Boekoesoe, Amelia Murtisari, Yenni Umar ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2615 Fri, 03 Apr 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Estimasi Nilai Basis Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan di Kota Jambi: Pendekatan Hedonic Price Function https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2271 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang paling dominan yang menentukan tingkat harga tanah dan bangunan dan untuk mengukur rasio antara harga tanah dan bangunan berdasarkan harga yang ditetapkan pada Surat Pemberitahuan Pajak Terhutang (SPPT). Estimasi tingkat harga dan nilai wajib pajak atas tanah dan bangunan didasarkan pada fungsi harga hedonis. Data yang digunakan adalah data kerat-lintang dari hasil survei lapangan 100 pemilik tanah dan bangunan di wilayah Kecamatan Telanaipura, Pelayangan, Pasar Jambi dan Kota Baru. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat harga tanah dan bangunan yang tertinggi ada di Pasar Jambi dan yang terendah di Pelayangan. Variabel yang paling dominan yang menentukan tingkat harga tanah adalah kepadatan penduduk, jarak tanah ke lokasi pusat kota dan jenis jalan yang melewati lokasi tanah, sedangkan tingkat harga bangunan ditentukan oleh luas lantai bangunan, jenis rumah dan ketersediaan garasi. Secara rata-rata, rasio harga tanah pada NJOP terhadap harga tanah aktual yang dikehendaki pemiliknya dan harga prediksinya masing-masing adalah 29,30 persen dan 44,13 persen. Rasio rata-rata yang relatif rendah ini menunjukkan bahwa harga tanah yang ditetapkan pemerintah pada SPT dalam perhitungan NJOP sebagian besar masih terlalu jauh jaraknya bila dibandingkan dengan harga tanah yang dikehendaki pemiliknya dan harga prediksinya. Ini berarti bahwa potensi menaikan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan di Kota Jambi masih sangat besar..</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> harga aktual, harga yang diinginkan, harga prediksi</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This research is aimed to identify the most dominant factors which determine the rate of price of lands and buildings, to measure the ratio between the price of lands and buildings based on price set on Income Tax Payable (SPPT). The estimated value taxpayer on land and buildings and the value of the estimation is based on the hedonic price function. Estimates of the level of the price of land and buildings carried out with the hedonic price function approach. The data used is the cross-sectional data obtained from the results of a field survey of 100 owners of land and buildings are scattered in the subdistrict Telanaipura, Pelayangan, Pasar Jambi and Kota Baru subdistrict.  The results showed that the level of the price of land and buildings in the district are highest and lowest Jambi Market in Subdsitrict Pelayangan. The most dominant variable that determines the level of the price of land is population density, distance to the city center location of the land and the type of road that passes through the location of the land, while the price level is determined by the building floor area of ​​the house, the type of home and the availability of the garage wall. On average, the ratio of the price of land in the SPT to the actual price of the desired land owners and the price of each prediction is 29.30 percent and 44.13 percent, while the ratio of the price of houses for the price of the actual building and the price of the average prediction of 39.57 percent and 33.04 percent. The relatively low Figures of ratio indicates that the price of land and buildings are set by the government on the tax return in the calculation of taxable value mostly still too far away when compared with the price of land and building the desired owners and price prediction. This means that the potential increase in the Land and  Property Tax in the city of Jambi is still very large.</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> actual price, desired price, prediction price</em> Arman Delis, Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2271 Thu, 19 Mar 2015 17:28:17 +0700 Pengaruh Ekspor dan Impor Minyak Bumi terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2267 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh ekspor minyak mentah dan impor terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia. Penelitian didasarkan pada perubahan besar dalam nilai ekspor dan impor minyak mentah Indonesia. Data yang digunakan data time series pada periode 1993-2011. Analisis menggunakan pendekatan pemodelan regresi, yang terdiri dari model regresi linier sederhana dan Error Correction Model (ECM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai ekspor minyak mentah berpengaruh signifikan positif  terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia. Hasil yang sama juga ditunjukkan oleh impor minyak mentah Indonesia juga berpengaruh signifikan positif terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia. Dengan menggunakan ECM  diketahui bahwa untuk jangka panjang yang nilai ekspor minyak mentah berdampak negatif pada pertumbuhan ekonomi di Indonesia. Hasil yang berbeda ditunjukkan oleh nilai impor minyak mentah yang berpengaruh positif terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi Indonesia untuk jangka panjang.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Pertumbuhan ekonomi, Ekspor Minyak Minyak, Impor Minyak Mentah.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The aim of this research is to analyze the effect of crude oil exports and imports on economic growth in Indonesia. This research based on the large changes in the value of Indonesia crude oil exports and the crude oil imports too.  This research uses time series data in the period of 1993-2011. The analysis uses regression modeling approach, which consists of simple linear regression model and Error Correction Model (ECM).   The result of the research shows that the value of crude oil exports a significant effect on economic growth in Indonesia in a positive relationship. Similar results were also shown by Indonesia's crude oil imports are also significant effect on economic growth in Indonesia is also in positive relationship. By using the error correction model known that for the long term that value of crude oil exports negatively affect on economic growth in Indonesia. The different result shows by the value of crude oil imports which positive influence on Indonesia's economic growth for the long run.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> economic growth, crude oil exports, crude oil imports</em><em></em></p> Mustika Mustika, Haryadi Haryadi, Siti Hodijah ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2267 Thu, 19 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Determinan Kemiskinan Rumah Tangga di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2268 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) menganalisis perkembangan kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi (2) untuk menganalisis karakteristik rumah tangga miskin di Provinsi Jambi (3) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan rumah tangga di Provinsi Jambi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi pada tahun 2012 meningkat dibandingkan tahun 2011, tetapi umumnya dalam lima tahun terakhir angka kemiskinan menurun di Provinsi Jambi. Karakteristik rumah tangga miskin di Provinsi Jambi adalah mayoritas tinggal di daerah pedesaan, mayoritas kepala rumah tangga miskin adalah laki-laki, mayoritas kepala rumah tangga miskin di Provinsi Jambi telah dididik di bawah SMP, mayoritas kepala miskin rumah tangga yang bekerja di sektor pertanian, sebagian besar rumah tangga miskin memiliki anggota lebih dari empat orang dan mayoritas rumah tangga miskin di Provinsi Jambi tidak pernah memperoleh kredit usaha. Berdasarkan  analisis regresi logistik ditemukan bahwa variabel yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan rumah tangga di Provinsi Jambi adalah klasifikasi desa/kota, jenis kelamin kepala rumah tangga, pendidikan kepala rumah tangga, pekerjaan kepala rumah tangga, ukuran rumah tangga dan variabel bantuan pinjaman usaha..</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Kemiskinan,  Rumah Tangga, Pendidikan, Pekerjaan, Kredit Usaha</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to: (1) to analyze the development of poverty in Jambi Province (2) to analyze the characteristics of poor households in Jambi Province (3) to analyze the factors that affect household poverty in Jambi Province. The results showed that the poverty rate in the Jambi Province in 2012 was increased compared to the year 2011, but generally in the last five years the poverty rate was decreased in Jambi Province. The characteristics of poor households in Jambi Province were the majority were living in rural areas, the majority of heads of poor households were male, the majority of heads of poor households in Jambi Province had educated under junior high school, the majority of heads of poor household were working in agriculture, the majority of poor households had a member more than four people and the majority of poor households in Jambi Province had never obtained business credit.Based on the results of logistic regression analysis found that the variables that affect household poverty in the province of Jambi was the classification of rural/urban variable, the head of household sex variable, the head of household education variable, the head of household occupation variable, household size and business loan assistance variable.</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> </em>Poverty,  household, education,  employment, business credit Nopriansyah Nopriansyah, Junaidi Junaidi, Etik Umiyati ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2268 Thu, 19 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Pendapatan, Sumber dan Distribusi Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Petani Jagung di Kabupaten Bone Bolango https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2269 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis pendapatan, sumber dan distribusi pendapatan rumah tangga petani jagung di Kabupaten Bone Bolango. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari dua jenis data yaitu data primer dan data sekunder. Analisis data dilakukan secara deskriptif dan ukuran gini rasio. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pendapatan petani jagung di Kabupaten Bone Bolango yang bersumber dari usahatani jagung saja berada dalam kategori timpang sedang yaitu 0,336, pendapatan yang bersumber dari semua usahatani berada dalam kategori timpang sedang yaitu 0,313, dan pendapatan yang bersumber dari seluruh sumber-sumber pendapatan (usahatani dan luar usahatani) berada dalam kategori timpang rendah yaitu 0,298.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Pendapatan, ketimpangan, usaha tani, luar usaha tani.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to analyze income, sources and distribution of corn farmer household income in Bone Bolango District. The data used consist of primary and secondary data. The data were analyzed descriptively and the size of the Gini ratio. The results showed income of corn farmers in the district of Bone Bolango sourced from only corn farming are in the category of moderate inequality, income derived from all the farms are in the category of moderate inequality, and income derived from all sources of income (farm and off farm) are in the category of low inequality</p> <br /> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> </em><em>income, inequality, farm, off farm</em> Amelia Murtisari ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2269 Thu, 19 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Flypaper Effect pada Kinerja Keuangan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2270 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fenomena flypaper effect pada kinerja keuangan kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Untuk tujuan tersebut dikembangkan dua model regresi data panel yang memperlihatkan keterkaitan antara perilaku belanja pemerintah daerah dengan penerimaan daerah. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1) Dana bagi hasil (DBH), dana alokasi (DA), lag belanja operasional (Boit_1) dan dummy otonomi (DO) berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja operasional kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja operasional lebih besar dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja operasional, yang artinya terjadi <em>flypaper effect </em>pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi; 2) Dana bagi hasil (DBH), dana alokasi (DA), pendapatan perkapita (Y) dan dummy otonomi (DO) berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja modal kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja modal lebih kecil dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja modal, yang artinya terjadi <em>flypaper effect </em>pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dimana DA cenderung digunakan untuk membiayai belanja operasional.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> </em><em>Dana Perimbangan, Belanja Modal, Belanja Operasional.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to analyze the phenomenon of flypaper on the financial performance of the district / city in the province of Jambi. For this purpose developed two panel data regression model showing the relationship between the behavior of local government expenditure by the regional income. The research found that: 1) Revenue-sharing (DBH), allocation funds (DA), lag operational expenditure (Boit_1) and dummy autonomy (DO) significantly affect the operational expenditure district / city in the province of Jambi. The effect of DA on operating expenditure is greater than from DBH to operational expenditure, which means there flypaper in the district / city in the province of Jambi; 2) Revenue-sharing (DBH), funds allocation (DA), per capita income (Y) and dummy autonomy (DO) significantly affect capital expenditures district/city in the Province of Jambi. The effect of DA on capital expenditure is smaller than from DBH to capital expenditures, which means there flypaper in the district / city in the Province of Jambi where DA tends to be used to finance operating expenditure..</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> fund balance, capital expenditure, operational expenditure</em> Amril Amril, Erfit Erfit, M. Safri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2270 Thu, 19 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Kinerja Pembangunan Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2272 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) menganalisis peringkat kinerja pembangunan antar kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi, dan (2) mengkategorikan kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi berdasarkan kinerja pembangunan ekonomi, sumber daya manusia, dan infrastruktur. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder dari 2009-2012 dari Badan Pusat Statistik, terdiri dari delapan indikator untuk menilai kinerja pembangunan ekonomi, lima indikator untuk menilai kinerja pembangunan sumber daya manusia, dan delapan indikator untuk menilai kinerja pembangunan infrastruktur. Metode analisis untuk mencapai tujuan pertama adalah analisis komponen utama (PCA) dan analisis faktor serta untuk tujuan ketiga adalah analisis kluster. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Kota Jambi menempati peringkat pertama dalam kinerja pembangunan secara keseluruhan, diikuti oleh dari Tanjab Barat dan Kabupaten Batang Hari, (2) Empat kelompok kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi terbentuk berdasarkan kinerja pembangunan, yaitu: cluster I (Kerinci, Merangin, dan Tebo) memiliki kinerja yang pembangunan daerah paling rendah, klaster II (Tanjab Timur) memiliki kinerja pembangunan di atas rata-rata, klaster III (Sarolangun, Batang Hari, Muaro Jambi, Tanjab Barat, Bungo Kabupaten, dan Kota Sungai Penuh) memiliki kinerja pembangunan rata-rata (menengah), dan kelompok IV ( Kota Jambi) memiliki kinerja pembangunan paling tinggi.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Analisis Faktor, Analisis Klaster, Pembangunan Ekonomi, Sumberdaya Manusia, Infrastruktur.</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims (1) to analyze the performances among regencies/ cities in Jambi Province, and (2) to categorize the regencies/ cities in Jambi Province based on economic, human resources, and infrastructure development performances. Datas used in this study are secondary data of 2009-2012 from Statistics Indonesia, consists of eight component indicators to assess the performance of economic development, the five component indicators to assess the performance of the components of human resources development, and eight component indicators to assess the performance of infrastructure development. The analytical method used to achieve the objectives of the first research purposes is principal component analysis (PCA) which followed by factor analysis and to achieve the third purpose is cluster analysis. The results showed that (1) Jambi City is ranked first in the overall development performance, followed by of Tanjab Barat and Batang Hari Regencies, (2) four clusters of regencies/ cities in Jambi Province are formed based on the performance of development, namely: cluster I (Kerinci, Merangin, and Tebo Regencies) have lower performance of regional development, cluster II (Tanjab Timur Regency) has average to high performance of regional development, cluster III (Sarolangun, Batang Hari, Muaro Jambi, Tanjab Barat, Bungo Regencies, and Sungai Penuh City) have average performance of regional development, and cluster IV (Jambi City) has high performance of regional development.</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Factor Analysis, Cluster Analysis, Economic Development, Human Resources, Infrastructure.</em> Raina Damarsari, Junaidi Junaidi, Yulmardi Yulmardi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2272 Thu, 19 Mar 2015 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum dan Jumlah Penduduk terhadap Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2255 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) dan jumlah penduduk terhadap belanja daerah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Ketika diamati dari pengaruhnya dengan menggunakan model fixed effect, dapat dilihat bahwa PAD dan DAU secara simultan dan parsial dapat meningkatkan belanja langsung dan belanja tidak langsung sementara jumlah penduduk mengurangi peningkatan belanja langsung. Hal ini berbeda dengan belanja tidak langsung yang memiliki efek positif karena pertumbuhan penduduk di kabupaten/kota di Jambi dapat meningkatkan alokasi belanja pegawai sedangkan untuk belanja langsung terutama untuk belanja modal tidak efisien.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum, Anggaran.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aimed to analyze the influence of Locally-Generated Revenue (PAD), General Allocation Fund (DAU), and the population of the regional budget district/city in Jambi Province. Data in this research is regional budget, PAD, DAU and population. When it is observed from its effect by using fixed effect model, it can be seen that PAD dan DAU in total or partial can improve direct spending and indirect spending meanwhile population can reduce the improvement of direct spending. It is different with indirect spending which has positive effect because the growing of population in regency/city in Jambi can improve the allocation of employee spending meanwhile for direct spending especially for capital spending is not efficient.</p> <p><br /> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> </em><em>Locally-Generated Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Budget</em><em></em></p> Andri Devita, Arman Delis, Junaidi Junaidi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2255 Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Penerapan Sistem Tanam Legowo Usahatani Padi Sawah dan Kontribusinya Terhadap Pendapatan dan Kelayakan Usaha di Kecamatan Dungaliyo Kabupaten Gorontalo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2256 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh sistem tanam padi sawah Legowo terhadap pendapatan petani padi dan kelayakan usahatani padi. Lokasi penelitian di Kecamatan Dungaliyo Kabupaten Gorontalo. Penelitian menggunakan metode survei.  data primer diperoleh dari sampel petani dengan menggunakan panduan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa penerapan sistem tanam legowo 4:1 menghasilkan pendapatan Rp 21.844.604 / ha, dan sistem tanam legowo 2:1 menghasilkan pendapatan sebesar Rp 21.705.833 / ha. Kelayakan padi tanam pertanian sistem legowo 4: 1 = 2.16 dan 2: 1 = 2.63. Kedua sistem tanam legowo adalah layak diterapkan untuk padi pertanian padi.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Sistem tanam legowa, pendapatan petani, kelayakan usaha tani</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to determine the effect of lowland rice cropping system Legowo on farmers' income and eligibility paddy rice. Location research in Subdistrcit Dungaliyo Subdistrict, District of Gorontalo. Research using survey method. primary data obtained from a sample of farmers using an interview guide. The results found that the application of the system of planting Legowo 4: 1 generates a revenue of Rp 21,844,604 / ha, and cropping systems legowo 2: 1 generate a revenue Rp 21,705,833 / ha. Feasibility of transplanting rice farming system legowo 4:1 = 2.16 and 2:1 = 2.63. Both legowo cropping system is feasible for paddy rice farming.</p> <p><br /> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> </em><em>Legowo cropping system , farm income, farming feasiliblity</em><em></em></p> Asda Rauf, Amelia Murtisari ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2256 Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Dinamika Penduduk Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2259 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dinamika penduduk pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi yang mencakup kondisi dan perkembangan kuantitas penduduk (jumlah, komposisi dan distribusinya) serta kualitas penduduk (pendidikan, kesehatan dan kemiskinan). Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif, dengan memanfaatkan indikator-indikator kependudukan. Hasil penelitian menemukan: 1) Jumlah penduduk Provinsi Jambi relatif sedikit dengan tingkat kepadatan yang rendah tetapi dengan ketimpangan tinggi dari distribusi penduduk antar kabupaten/kota; 2) Provinsi Jambi merupakan salah satu daerah di Indonesia dengan pertumbuhan penduduk yang relatif tinggi; 3) Struktur umur penduduk di Provinsi Jambi sudah tidak tergolong lagi pada struktur umur muda, tetapi belum memenuhi kategori struktur umur tua; 4) Membandingkan dengan provinsi-provinsi lainnya di Indonesia, kondisi pendidikan dan kesehatan penduduk Provinsi Jambi sudah relatif memadai; 5) Tingkat kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi ini relatif rendah dibandingkan secara nasional, dengan penurunan yang juga relatif lebih cepat.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> </em><em>Pendidikan, Kesehatan, Kemiskinan.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to analyze the dynamics of the population in the district / city in the province of Jambi which include the condition and development of the population quantity (amount, composition and distribution) as well as the quality of the population (education, health and poverty). Data were analyzed by descriptive quantitative and qualitative, using indicators of population. The results found: 1) The population of the province of Jambi relatively little with low density but with high inequality of the distribution of population among districts / cities; 2) Jambi Province is one of the areas in Indonesia with a relatively high population growth; 3) the age structure of the population in the province of Jambi is no longer belong to the young age structure, but do not meet the age structure of the old category; 4) Comparing with other provinces in Indonesia, education and health conditions of the population has been relatively adequate Jambi Province; 5) The level of poverty in the province of Jambi is relatively low compared nationally, with a decrease in the relatively faster..</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Education, Health, Poverty</em> Hardiani Hardiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2259 Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Permintaan Masyarakat terhadap Pasokan Gula Pasir di Kota Gorontalo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2260 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis permintaan dan pasokan gula pasir di Kota Gorontalo serta pengaruh permintaan konsumen terhadap pasokan gula pasir di Kota Gorontalo. Data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder bulanan selama Tahun 2012. Data diperoleh dari kantor dinas perindustrian, perdagangan, koperasi Kota Gorontalo dan BPS. Analis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis deskriptif dan regresi linier sederhana. Berdasarkan analisis regresi memperlihatkan bahwa terdapat pengaruh positif yang signifikan antara permintaan masyarakat terhadap gula pasir terhadap pasokan gula pasir di Kota Gorontalo..</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Pasokan, Gula Pasir, Permintaan, Konsumen.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study aims to analyze the demands and supply of sugar in Gorontalo city and to analyze the effect of consumer demand for the supply of sugar in the city of Gorontalo. The data used are secondary data monthly during 2012. Data were obtained from the offices of industry, trade, cooperatives and BPS Gorontalo city. Analysts data used are descriptive analysis and simple linear regression. Based on regression analysis showed that there is a significant positive effect between public demand for sugar to supply sugar in Gorontalo City.</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> Supply, Sugar, Demand, Consumer</em> Amir Halid, Amelia Murtisari, Aguswanto Aguswanto ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2260 Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Pada Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) di Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2261 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja dan faktor yang paling dominan dalam mempengaruhi penyerapan tenaga kerja pada usaha mikro dan kecil menengah (UMKM) di Kota Jambi. Metode analisis data adalah model regresi linier berganda (OLS), dengan menggunakan data sekunder time series dari tahun 1993-2010 yang bersumber dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) dan Kota Jambi Bank Indonesia. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa upah riil memiliki efek negatif yang signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja dan pembentukan modal tetap bruto dan memiliki pengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesempatan kerja pada usaha mikro di kota Jambi. Tingkat bunga riil memiliki efek signifikan negatif dan upah regional riil memiliki pengaruh positif yang signifikan. Variabel upah riil lebih dominan dalam mempengaruhi kesempatan kerja pada UMKM di kota Jambi..</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> Upah riil, Tingkat bunga riil, Pembentukan Modal Tetap Bruto,.</em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that affect employment and the most dominant factor in influencing the labor absorption in the small micro and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi. Methods of data analysis used in this research is the model of multiple linear regression (OLS), by using data from the years 1993-2010 time series derived from the Central Statistics Agency (BPS) and Bank Indonesia Jambi. The results of data analysis showed that real wages and a significant negative effect on employment in micro and gross fixed capital formation has positive and significant impact on employment in micro businesses in the town of Jambi. The real interest rate significant negatif and the regional real wages in small and medium enterprises in the city of Jambi has positive and significant. Variable the real wage is more dominant in affecting employment in micro, small and medium enterprises in the town of Jambi.</p> <strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> real wages, real interest rates, and gross fixed capital formation</em> Siti Syuhada, Aulia Tasman, Hardiani Hardiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2261 Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Interaksi Spasial Perekonomian dan Ketenagakerjaan Antar Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2262 <p><strong>Abstrak</strong></p> <p>Analisis pembangunan daerah perlu mempertimbangkan masalah dalam daerah (intraregional) dan keseimbangan pembangunan antar wilayah (antar). Masalah antar seperti pengaruh yang berasal dari luar daerah akan menciptakan interaksi spasial dan hubungan antar daerah (ketergantungan spasial). Oleh karena itu, menjadi penting untuk mengetahui pengaruh riil interaksi spasial perkembangan perekonomian daerah dalam hal PDRB dan tenaga kerja pada kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Jambi. Indeks Morans'I yang digunakan untuk menggambarkan hubungan antara daerah menunjukkan bahwa kabupaten atau kotamadya tidak bisa mandiri dalam membangun ekonomi, tetapi dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas ekonomi di daerah sekitarnya. Dengan menggunakan Moran scatterplot, Kota Jambi menjadi satu-satunya daerah dengan ekonomi yang tinggi dikelilingi oleh daerah ekonomi yang tinggi. Sementara sebagian besar kabupaten dan kota di Provinsi Jambi berada di daerah kelompok dengan ekonomi rendah yang dikelilingi oleh wilayah ekonomi rendah.</p> <p><strong>Kata kunci :</strong><em> interaksi spasial, keterkaitan regional, indeks Morans’I</em></p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>An analysis of the regional development needs to take into account the problems within regions (intraregional) and the balance of development between regions (interregional). Interregional problems such as influence which comes from the outside of the region will create spatial interaction and linkages between regions (spatial dependence). Therefore, it becomes important to know the real effect of spatial interaction toward the development of regional economy in term of GDRP and labor of regencies and municipalities in Jambi Province. Morans’I index that is used to describe the linkages between regions  indicates that a regency or municipality can not be independent in establishing its economy, but affected by economic activity in the surrounding areas. By using Moran scatterplot, Jambi Municipality being the only region with high economic surrounded by high economic regions. While most of the regencies and municipality in Jambi Province are on the group areas with low economic which surrounded by low economic regions.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords:</em></strong><em> </em><em>spatial interaction, regional linkage,</em><em> Morans’I index</em><em></em></p> Yanti Heryanti, Junaidi Junaidi, Yulmardi Yulmardi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/2262 Fri, 19 Dec 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Produksi, Distribusi Pendapatan Petani dan Dampak Program Optimalisasi Lahan Terhadap Produksi Padi Sawah di Kabupaten Muaro Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1883 <p>The purposes of this study are ; ( 1 ) How does the social and economic characteristics of rice farmers in Jambi Muaro ; ( 2 ) What factors are affecting rice production in Muaro Jambi; ( 3 ) How is the impact of the land optimization program toward the increase of rice production in Muaro Jambi and ( 4 ) How is the income distribution of rice farmers in Muaro Jambi. The methodology of research used in this study is survey method using primary data and secondary data . Analysis tools used in this study are qualitative description and quantitative description using Cobb Douglas Production-Function Model , and the Gini Index Ratio . The findings in this study are ; ( 1 ) The Average production per hectare of rice farmers in the study area during the growing season was below the average production of Muaro Jambi district . ( 2 ) <em>Over-All Test ( F Test ) </em>showed that the land variable, orea fertilizer , seeds, labor capital , farming experience and education level have  influenced the rice production . While based on the partial test, it was showed that only the land area variable ( X1 ) and orea fertilizer ( x2 ) which significantly influence rice production while the amount of seed variable ( X3 ) , labor ( X4 ) , capital ( X5 ) , experience ( D1 ) , and formal education ( D2 ) had no significant effect on rice production in the research area ' ( 3 ) The land optimization has increased the income of the farmers' compared to pre-optimization condition, but the gini index ratio is higher as a result of the maximization of income to farmers who have more land which is proven by The Gini Index Ratio: 0.30 in pre-optimization and after optimization of land it raises to 0:32 ; ( 4 ) The Land-Optimization Program which has implemented by the Government Muaro Jambi has positive impact both on increasing rice production and the income of farmers.</p> <p> </p> <p><em>Key words : Optimization of Land , Production Optimization , Gini Ratio</em></p> Junaidi Junaidi, Zamzami Zamzami, Erni Achmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1883 Wed, 19 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Faktor Penentu Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Kabupaten Bungo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1884 <p>This study aims to: (1) analyze the economic growth Bungo district; (2) analyze the factors that affect economic growth Bungo district. The analysis tool used is multiple regression model. Observation data during the period of 2000-2010. The study found that government spending, employment and investment have a significant effect on economic growth Bungo. In contrast, inflation and interest rates showed no significant effect.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>government spending, employment ,investment; inflation; interest rate</em><em></em></p> Eva Riani, Haryadi Haryadi, Amril Amril ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1884 Wed, 19 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Pendapatan dan Pola Pengeluaran Rumah Tangga Miskin Di Kabupaten Sarolangun https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1879 <p>The purpose of the research entittled ’<em>An Analysis of Income and Expenditure Patterns of the Poor Households di Sarolangun Regency</em>’, they are: <em>First</em>, to analyze the poor households income in Sarolangun Regency. <em>Second</em>, to analyze the education level of the poor households in Sarolangun Regency. <em>Third</em>, to analyze the expenditure pattern of the poor households in Sarolangun Regency. <em>Forth</em>, to analyze the poor households income’s inequality in Sarolangun Regency. The result of the research shows that, <em>First</em>; the monthly average of poor households income in Sarolangun Regency is Rp.852.057,- each family. <em>Second</em>, in the education level point of view, 90,6% of the poor household only completed their Elementary School. <em>Third</em>, in the expenditure-pattern point of view, in average, the expenditure-pattern of  72,96%  poor households in Sarolangun Regency spent their income in food consumption, other 12,07% spent their income in primary needs (electricity, gas, water) and the rest 14,97% for vary. It is indicate that the expenditure pattern of poor households in Sarolangun Regency still concern to the primary consumption. <em>Fourth</em>, the poor households income’s inequality in Sarolangun Regency in average is 0,30.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>primary need, expenditure pattern, income’s inequality</em><em></em></p> Bahrun Bahrun, Syaparuddin Syaparuddin, Hardiani Hardiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1879 Wed, 19 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Sektor Basis dalam Hubungannya dengan Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja di Kabupaten Batang Hari https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1881 <p>The purpose of the study is to (1) analyze the economy sector which become basis sector with its development rates in Batang Hari Regency, (2) the correlation between the developments of basis sector with employment and to (3) analyze the policy of local government on developing that basis sector through bibliography methods on secondary PDRB data according to constant price 2000 of Batang Hari Regency and Jambi Province from 2003 to 2012 and also employment data in the same periods and regency.  This analysis uses Location Quotient (LQ) model and Dynamic Location Quotient (DLQ) model.  Whereas the correlation between the developments of basis sector with employment uses Pearson’s Coefficient Of Correlation. The output of LQ analysis shows that there are four economy sectors as basis sector (LQ &gt;1) in Batang Hari, which are agricultures, industry and manufactures, trades, hotels, restaurants, and another distinction service. While from the DLQ analysis, there are four sectors identified can be a basis sector in the future (DLQ &gt;1), which are mining and excavation, electricity, gases and fresh water, transportation and communications, and distinction sectors.  Only distinction sector which is identified as basis sector nowadays as well as in the future.  From the study of the PDRB rate in Batang Hari from 2003 to 2013 shows that average growth rate of agriculture, industry and manufactures, trades, hotels and restaurants are relatively smaller than other sectors in Batang Hari, excluding distinction sectors which are higher. Pearson’s Coefficient Of Correlation analysis evinces there only two basis sectors which its growth has a strong and positive correlation with employment in Batang Hari, which are distinction and trades with hotels and restaurants. The PDRB growth of these sectors moving in the direction of the employment rates.  In the agriculture and manufacture industry sectors, the correlation with employment is low and very weak.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>competitive, basis sector, agriculture, manufacture</em><em></em></p> Syaiful Syaiful, Syaparuddin Syaparuddin, Dearmi Artis ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1881 Wed, 19 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Potensi Klaster Agroindustri Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1880 <p>The purpose of research is to 1). Analyzing the agro-industry group of SMEs that have the potential to be developed as an agro-industry clusters of SMEs in Jambi Province; (2. Analyze the various potentials, opportunities, barriers and challenges in the development of agro-industry SMEs in Jambi Province. The data used consist of primary data and secondary data. Primary data were collected from experts and stakeholders associated with agro-industry and agro-industry businesses. Collecting data using a structured questionnaire and interview. Secondary data sourced from related institutions / organizations at the national, provincial, district and sub-district. To identify and analyze the potential for agro-industry SME cluster development is done with consideration of the number of business units and discussions with the experts to get the cluster potential agro-industry group. Furthermore, to analyze the potential, opportunities, barriers and challenges of development of agro-industry cluster analyzed descriptively based on surveys and direct observation in the agro-industry businesses that have the potential clusters in Jambi Province. . The analysis was done by descriptive against internal and external conditions of SMEs. The results found that there are five groups of agroindustrial SMEs that have the potential to be developed in clusters, namely: industrial tempe / tofu soy: copra industry; industrial crackers, chips, dent and the like; industrial woven from rattan and bamboo instead of wood furniture as well as industry. Furthermore, in terms of business development, SMEs in Jambi Province showed relatively good progress, especially when seen from the development of production volume, revenue / turnover, product selling prices, raw material prices and profits. However, there are major obstacles in the development of the agro-industry is the future of SMEs, especially those related to the availability of raw materials, labor, market share and production equipment.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>cluster,agro-indsutry,business development</em><em></em></p> Junaidi Junaidi, Amri Amir, Hardiani Hardiani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1880 Wed, 19 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Daya Saing Produk Agroindustri Subsektor Perkebunan dalam Perekonomian Wilayah Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1882 <p>This study aims to identify the potential competitiveness of the agro-industry sub-sector leading commodity plantations in Jambi Province. The long term goal of this research is obtained by a concrete formulation of the strategy of development of agro-industry sub-sector competitiveness leading commodity plantations integrated with the strategy of revitalizing the agricultural sector. The research method used was a secondary data analysis methods. This study was conducted over a period of two years. In the first year will be to identify potential agro industry leading commodity subsector mapping plantations and agro-industry plantation subsector superior product that has a high economic value, while the second year will be pursued to design the strategy and policy development of agro-industry commodity or superior products that possess the plantation sub-sector competitiveness and related to the realize the quality of economic growth and sustainable region.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: agro-industry, the quality of economic growth, sustainable</em><em></em></p> Zulgani Zulgani, Syaparuddin Syaparuddin, Parmadi Parmadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1882 Wed, 19 Nov 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Perbandingan Usahatani Cabai Rawit Dan Tomat Dengan Pendekatan Resiko Investasi di Desa Tolite Jaya Kecamatan Tolinggula Kabupaten Gorontalo Utara https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1710 The objective research is to know which business farmer is more benefit and have more risk invest at Tolite Jaya village Tolinggula district Gorontalo Utara regency. Do on may-July 2013. The research design is using survey method consist primer data by interview chili and tomato farmer is using questionnaire and secondary data get from Tolite Jaya village work and BPS. The sample using surfeited sample where, the all population are sample. Data analysis is R/C and deviation standard analysis. Result analysis indicated the reception of chilly is Rp.58.986.000, with R/C Ration 3, 6 values.  Based on decision criteria R/C Ratio values is more than one, it give benefits and can be afford and have more infestation risk 1,949. While tomato the reception is Rp. 7.575.600, with value R/C Ratio 0,8, it based on risk criteria is smaller and harm also have smaller infestation risk 1,113 Amir Halid, Amelia Murtisari, Ilin Abuya ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1710 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Anggaran Pendidikan Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1711 Education was essentially non-discriminatory. Education is for all the children of the nation. If there are people who can not get an education, especially basic education of nine years, it is the duty of the government to take action so that no more children of school age are not in school. With the enactment of the nine-year compulsory education program means all Indonesian children nine years of compulsory schooling and compulsory funded by the government. The government has set the education budget is allocated 20% of the APBN or APBD. The case study is the achievement of 20% was never achieved in the education budget in Jambi Province despite budget each year tends to increase. The purpose of this study was to analyze the proportion of the education budget Jambi formula comparison, how big the proportion and deconcentration progress with the development of the formula, is there a relationship between the increase in the education budget with APM and APK with pearson product moment correlation formula and how big the budget needs field education for 8 years to come up with a method of exponential trend. The research yielded information that the average proportion of education budgets to the provincial budget over a period of 12 years by 7,6 percent, and the proportion of development deconcentration lowest occurred in 2010 of 21,3 percent and the largest occurred in 2012 amounted to 228,5 percent, the significance of the correlation results turned out to be the APBN/APBD with APM SD, APK SMP and APK SMA were not significant, while the correlation/relationship between the APBN/APBD with APM SD, APK SMP and APK SMA are very strong while the estimated growth of the education budget in Jambi Provincial APBD for 7 years on average amounted to 23,2 percent. Azwan Azwan, M.Surya Hidayat, Syamsuddin HM Syamsuddin HM ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1711 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Retribusi Pelayanan Parkir di Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1712 <p>This research have purpose, 1 ) to know development acceptance for service parking area retribution in Jambi city and the contribution for retribution in region, PAD and acceptance region in Jambi city, 2) to know effectiveness degree acceptance for service Parking area retribution ini Jambi City about acceptance resources for 2006 until 2011 period,3) to know factors which is influence acceptance for service parking area retribution in Jambi city. Research method which is used for this research that is Analysis from primary data is got through dissemination quetiosn list and live interview with Skilled worker parking area in Jambi city.  For secondary data is time series during calculation era.</p> <p>Result of research to show that: 1) on the average during 2006 until 2011 period, the total of acceptance region in Jambi City has growing about 11,88%.  In the same period, PAD in Jambi City has growing about 18.44%, during 2006 until 2011 period, rapid of region retribution acceptance growing in Jambi City is About 4,45% and rapid of parking area retribution growing in Jambi City has increased about 13,62%. On the Average during 2006 until 2011 period contribution of parking area retribution to the total of acceptance region is about 0,29%.  In the same period contribution of parking area retribution to PAD in Jambi city is about 3,48% and contribution of parking area retribution to region retribution is about 11,44%. 2)  The efficiency coefficient of acceptance for parking area retribution in Jambi City can not be calculated because there is no cost of collecting for parking area retribution so the effeciency can not be calculated.  While the efficiency coefficient of acceptance for parking area retribution fo 2006 until 2011 period is very effective with value of mean contribution per year about 89,79%.  3) Among five factors which is influence acceptance for service parking area retribution, apparently, the most significant which is influence its increasing is value of parking area retribution while the othe factors do not influence for increasing and reduction of acceptance parking area retribution.</p> <br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>Retribution, contribution, effectiveness</em> Eka Warni, Firmansyah Firmansyah, Zulgani Zulgani ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1712 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Determinan Ekspor CPO Indonesia https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1714 <p>Palm oil is one of the products that are important to the economy of Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the performance of Indonesia's CPO exports and to look for the influence of the independent variables such as production volume CPO, CPO consumption and the value of the rupiah against the U.S. dollar.</p> <p>The authors of this study tested using the Method of Error Correction Model. The time interval used is from 1998 to 2011 with the data quarter. The findings suggest that Indonesia's CPO production volume variables exert a positive and significant impact on the number of Indonesian CPO exports in both the short and long term, then the variable volume Indonesia CPO consumption in the short and long term is also a significant effect on the number of Indonesian CPO exports but negatively related, this is due to the domestic CPO consumption greater that the capacity to export will be reduced.</p> <p>Variables of the Rupiah against the U.S. dollar also affects Indonesia's CPO exports significantly and negatively related to both the short and long term and conditions of the depreciation of the rupiah exchange rate is not enough to effectively be driving exports. Estimates show that the close relationship between external demand caused exports to Indonesia's export performance vulnerable to external shocks. Side factors are also a determinant of export performance.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>palm oil</em><em>, CPO consumption</em><em>, </em><em>Error Correction Model</em><em></em></p> Ratih Rosita, Haryadi Haryadi, Amril Amril ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1714 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Nilai Tambah Keripik Ubi Kayu di UKM Barokah Kabupaten Bone Bolango https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1715 <p>This study aims to determine the Value Added Analysis of Cassava Chips in SME "Chips Barokah" Bonebolango District . This study was carried on in the village Lamahu District of Southern District Bonebolango Bulango performed on the month from October to December in 2013 . The method of analysis used in this study is the case study method is the method of data collection in a comprehensive manner , the determination of where the research is done on purpose , as for the type of data used is primary data and secondary data by recording interviews and observation techniques . Data analysis methods used are business analysis , R / C ratios for profit , efficiency and added value . The results showed that keuntunngan received from the business of processing cassava into cassava chips in five cassava production processes in SMEs " Barokah Chips " is Rp . 6.1155 million for a month , and value -added business perbahan enjoyed raw chips for SMEs Barokah 37.555/kg , this added value is the result of profit and the rest of the labor income reached 1.925 million .</p><em>Keywords: Advantage , Efficient , Value Added , Cassava Chips</em> Supriyo Imran, Amelia Murtisari, Ni Ketut Murni ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1715 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Pendapatan Usaha Pengrajin Gula Aren Di Desa Tulo’a Kecamatan Bulango Utara Kabupaten Bone Bolango https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1716 <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis besarnya pendapatan pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a dan untuk menganalisis besarnya keuntungan pengrajin gula aren  di Desa Tulo’a. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan mei sampai bulan juli 2013. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survey yang terdiri dari data primer yang diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan pengrajin gula aren dengan menggunakan kuisioner/daftar pertanyaan dan data sekunder diperoleh dari Kantor Desa Tulo’a serta Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Kabupaten Bone Bolango. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode sampling jenuh atau sensus dimana semua anggota populasi responden dijadikan sampel. Analisis data yang digunakan yaitu biaya tetap, biaya variabel, total biaya, penerimaan, pendapatan, dan analisis R/C Ratio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata pendapatan bersih/keuntungan yang diperoleh pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a yaitu sebesar Rp. 1.395.684/bulan atau Rp. 16.748.208/tahun. Dengan nilai R/C Ratio sebesar 2,12. Berdasarkan kriteria nilai R/C Ratio lebih dari satu berarti dapat dikatakan usaha pengrajin gula aren di Desa Tulo’a menguntungkan dan layak untuk diusahakan.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>Pengrajin, Gula Aren, Pendapatan, Keuntungan</em><em></em></p> Yanti Saleh ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1716 Fri, 20 Jun 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Jumlah Kredit dan Suku Bunga Terhadap Pendapatan Usaha Mikro di BRI Unit Kabila https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1546 <p>This study aims to determine the development of the customer (Micro KUR and significant effect between credit amount and the interest rate on the income customers at BRI Unit Micro Kabila. Kind of research used in this study is a survey method. Data used are primary data interviews with customer respondents micro and secondary data from the BRI unit Kabila, the sampling method used was purposive sample, data collection techniques are methods of documentation and interviews. Data analysis technique used is multiple regression analysis and usingdescriptive statistics.</p> <p>Results from this research showed revenue that micro (Y) 63,7% total affected by credit (X1) and interest rate, while the remaining 36,3 %affected by other factors.</p> <p>R value of 0,798 means that income by the number of loans and interest ratest have a very strong positive relationship. T-test showed that the significant amount of credit, because the value is significantly smaller than the value 0,05 (0,000), while the interest rate effect is not real, because the value is significantly smaller than the value of 0,05 (0,874). For the development of the number of credits and the number of clients small loans (KUR) have increased and decreased each year.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>Economic, credit, interest rates, UKM, income</em><em></em></p> Amir Halid, Ria Indriani, Delvi Suleman ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1546 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Produk Agroindustri Olahan yang Berdaya Saing Ekspor dan Dampaknya terhadap PDRB Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1547 <p>The Objective of this research is two. firstly is to identify agro industry commodity oriented to export thah have excellent. secondly is to identify effect of industry development in terms of agro industry trough PDRB. As for this study is performed in Jambi Province. The methods used are descriptive quantitative. This analisis invelves two models. The first analysis use multile regression and the second analysis uses simple regression model. this analysis included, export price, competitor export price, exchange rates, national income and investment have influence to industry development as excellent agroindustry oriented to demand. The second, industry development as excellent agroindustry commodity has positive effect and real through inprovement of PDRB.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Agroindustry Product, Export Oriented</em></p> Faradilla Herlin, M Rachmad R, Muhammad Safri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1547 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Determinan Penerimaan Daerah dari Sektor Pariwisata di Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1548 <p>The purpose of this study was to analyze whether the number of hotel room occupancy rate, the GDP of the tourism sector, the number of restaurants and eating houses, the average length of stay, and number of tourists influence the reception area of the tourism sector in the District / City of Jambi Province. The analysis used in this study is the analysis of growth, econometric analysis using panel data models, and analysis of barriers and opportunities. The results showed that simultaneous number of hotel room occupancy rate, the GDP of the tourism sector, the number of restaurants and eating houses, the average length of stay, and number of travelers significant effect on local revenues from the tourism sector in the District / City of Jambi Province.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>Regional Revenues from the tourism sector, Total Room Occupancy Rate, GDP Tourism Sector, Total Restaurant and Eating, Average Length of Stay</em><em></em></p> Qorina Novitri, Junaidi Junaidi, M.Safri M.Safri ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1548 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Tingkat Ketergantungan Fiskal dan Hubungannya dengan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi di Kota Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1549 <p>This research aims to calculate Fiscal Needs in Jambi City and analyze the level of dependence on Fiscal relations with the Economic Growth in Jambi and see how much the rate dependence of the Fiscal Jambi City to the Central Government. These results indicate that the Fiscal Needs in Jambi city has increased significantly each year, the average growth of 46.28 %. Local Government Fiscal Dependence level of Jambi City to the Central Government is very High, the average in the past 11 years (2000 s / d 2010) the proportion of PAD to the total of the local revenue obtained an average of 9.6% and the proportion of average fund balance of the total of local revenues obtained an average of 90.4%, The relationship between the level of fiscal dependence with the Economic Growth in Jambi is very low, amounting to only 0.068.</p><p><em>Keywords: Fiscal Need, Local Revenue, Fiscal Dependence</em></p> M. Ariansyah, Amri Amir, Erni Achmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1549 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Konsumsi Masyarakat Indonesia Sebelum dan Setelah Krisis Ekonomi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1550 <p>This study aims to determine and analyze how big the marginal propensity to consume (MPC) and the average propensity to consume (APC) the people of Indonesia before and after the economic crisis and to find out and analyze what factors are affecting the consumption of Indonesian society. The method used in this research is descriptive and quantitative methods. From the research : 1) the marginal propensity to consume (MPC) the people of Indonesia after the economic crisis has decreased and the average propensity to consume (APC) the people of Indonesia after the economic crisis have increased.   2) Before the economic crisis affecting consume of Indonesian society is the national income and deposit rates. After the economic crisis affecting consume of Indonesian society is the national income and inflation. And overall, both before and after the economic crisis affecting consume of Indonesian society is the national income and deposit rates.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>Marginal Propensity to Consume, Average Propensity to Consume, Economic Crisis</em><em></em></p> M. Fikri, Amri Amir, Erni Achmad ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1550 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Perubahan Struktur Ekonomi dan Dampaknya Terhadap Kemiskinan di Provinsi Jambi https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1551 <p>The purpose of this research is to know changes the structure economy in the range of time  in  1996 – 2009  and  the  all  factors  that  affect  changes  the  structure  economy  was  also  know  the impact of career safety and a reduction poverty in Provinces Jambi. Of Result research is so well known changes structure economic that was started  with  growth  economic a then had an impact on  in  changes  pattern  consumption  society  relative  low,  but  there is a shift in 1996-1997.  advanced  known  factors-  factors  that  affect  changes  the structure  in  Province  Jambi  which  is divided  according to his  sector  (primary, industry, tools &amp; services). Then  impact  changes  the  structure  economic  in  Province  Jambi  to : (a)  Career Summary : changes structure economic that  happened  in  Provinces  Jambi  (four  sectors economy)  did  not  have an effect  on  significant  the  enforced  career  safety  in  Province Jambi; (b) Poverty: only share sector industry and share the sector  tools  that  have  influence  significant  to decrease the number poverty in Province Jambi.</p><p><em>Keywords: Poverty, Sector Economy, Career Safety</em></p> M. Andi Alfarabi, M.Syurya Hidayat, Selamet Rahmadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1551 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Pengaruh Faktor Sarana dan Prasarana Terhadap Pendapatan Masyarakat Nelayan (Studi di Desa Olele Kecamatan Kabila Bone Kabupaten Bone Bolango) https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1554 <p>The objective of this research is to analyze how much the influence of infrastructure availability to the income of fisheries at Olele Village, Kabila Bone Sub-District, Bone Bolango Regency. The Method used in this research is random sampling to determine the location is intended and than used purposive to determine the sample of population at that village.  The result of this research are Road infrastructure is significant about 0,05 (0,02) means that it’s influence in to the in-come of Fisheries, transportation factor have influenced about 0,05 (0,08) in to the Fisheries in-come, economy activities like market is influence also to the fisheries in-come, Health and education factors have influenced about 0,5 (0,01) and 0,05 (0,01) in to the fisheries in-come, for education and electric power factors also influenced in to the fisheries in-come, water pump, sport square and praying building have also influenced significantly in to the in-come of fisheries.</p> <p><br /> <em>Keywords: </em><em>Infra and Supra structure and In-come of Fisheries</em><em></em></p> Irawati Abdul ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1554 Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 +0700 Analisis Desentralisasi Fiskal di Kabupaten Bungo https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1336 <p>The purpose of this study was to measure and analyze the degree of fiscal decentralization in Bungo district during the years 2000 to 2010 as well as analyzing the relationship of GDP to the degree of fiscal decentralization during the same period. The results of this study indicate that the degree of fiscal decentralization PAD average of only 9.247, which means much less, then the Tax Revenue and Non Tax even though the degree of fiscal decentralization is higher in the amount of 10.434, but still lacking in the category. Furthermore, to donations / aid from the Provincial and Local Grants instead showed a lower value of the degree of fiscal decentralization of local revenue, which amounted to only 3.187 (much less). This indicated that the District Government of Bungo still very large dependence on the Central Government. It is also indicated by the high ratio of financial dependency Bungo Regency on income transfers from the central government which is an average of 87.57%. The study also showed that the association of GDP with the degree of fiscal decentralization component of revenue (PAD) is negative (-0.180). Further to the relationship of GDP to fund components of the degree of fiscal decentralization Tax Revenue and Non-Tax showed a positive relationship with a value of 0.715. While GDP relationship with the degree of fiscal decentralization component Donations / aid from the Provincial and Local Grants are also positively related to the value of 0.648.</p><em>Keywords: decentralization, fiscal decentralization</em> Supriyadi Supriyadi, Arman Delis, Selamet Rahmadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/JES/article/view/1336 Tue, 17 Dec 2013 02:30:24 +0700