Kajian Etnozoologi Hewan yang Dikonsumsi pada Komunitas Orang Rimba di Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas Kabupaten Sarolangun

  • Masyithah Masyithah Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Jambi
  • Bambang Hariyadi Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, FKIP Universitas Jambi
  • Winda Dwi Kartika Program Studi Biologi, FST Universitas Jambi
Keywords: Ethnozoology, animal consumptions, Orang Rimba, TNBD

Abstract

Bukit Duabelas National Park (TNBD) has become habitat for many kinds of flora and fauna as well as the area Orang Rimba’s odyssey. Orang Rimba have interacted with the environment for many years so that produce traditional knowledge about the use of animals that are consumed. The assessment of orang Rimba’s Local wisdom is very important to document their traditional knowledge which eroded by modernization and as an effort to preserve the animals consumed. This study aimed at investigating the species or animals for consumptions, describing orang rimba’s knowledge about wildlife utilization that can be consumd, hunting and how to treat animals that consumed. The study was conducted in a Orang Rimba community in TNBD Sarolangun that is used Snowball sampling to select the respondent. The data has been obtained by descriptive analysis. Techniques of data collection through in-depth interview, observation participative, documentation, and literature. These results indicate the Orang Rimba utilized 65 species of wild animals for consumptions, it consists; 13 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 1 spesies of amphibian, 11 species of brids, 21 species of pisces, and 6 species of invertebrates. Orang Rimba have knowledge in utilizing animal consumption derived from ancestors and experience. This community utilizing animal protein needs through hunting activities. They combine hunting techniques with the equipment used to obtain hunted. The ravin processed in a simple way as boiled, baked, and disalay (smoked). moreover, This study suggested further necessary documentation regarding the use of animals that are consumed by the Orang Rimba in a different location and identification of animal species consumed.

 

Keywords: ethnozoology, animal consumptions, Orang Rimba, TNBD

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Anderson, E.N., Pearsall, D., Hunn, dan Turner, N. 2011. Etnobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Canada.
2. Harmoko, D, 2012. Kajian pengelolaan hutan oleh masyarakat Suku Anak Dalam di Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas
Kabupaten Sarolangun, Skripsi, Universitas Jambi, Jambi.
3. Hariyadi, B. 2013. Orang Serampas Tradisi dan Pengetahuan Lokal di Tengah Perubahan. IPB Press, Bogor.
4. Hastiti, D.W. 2011. Kearifan lokal dalam perburuan satwa liar Suku Dayak Kenyah di Taman Nasional Kayan
Mentarang, Kalimanatan Timur, Skripsi, Fakultas kehutanan. Institut Pertanian Bogor., Bogor.
5. Mendatu, A. 2005. Orang Rimba Menantang Zaman (Sebuah Naskah Tentang Kehidupan Suku Anak Dalam).
Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogjakarta.
6. Prasetijo, A. 2011. Serah Jajah dan Perlawanan yang Tersisa: Etnografi Orang Rimba di Jambi. Wedatama Widya
Sastra, Jakarta.
7. Puri, R. K. 1997. Hunting knowledge of the Penan Benauli of East Kalimantan, Indonesia, Dissertation, Departement
of Anthropology, University of Hawaii.
8. Sager, S, 2008. The sky is our roof, the earth our floor, Dissertation, The Australian National University, Australia.
9. Said, A., dan Jauhari, B,V. 2012. Jejak Peradaban SAD (Perjalanan Upaya Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Jambi. Widya
Pajaran, Jambi.
10. Soemarwoto, O. 2008. Ekologi, Lingkungan Hidup, dan Pembangunan. Djambatan, Jakarta.
11. Uluk, A., Sudana, M., dan Wollenberg, E.2001. Ketergantungan Masyarakat Dayak terhadap Hutan di Sekitar
Taman Nasional Kayan Mentarang.CIFOR, Jakarta.
12. Weintre, J. 2003. Organisasi Sosial dan Kebudayaan Kelompok Minoritas Indonesia: Studi Kasus Masyarakat
Orang Rimba Di Sumatera (Orang Kubu Nomaden). Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.
13. Zainuddin. 2009. Potret Pemahaman Etnoekologi Orang Rimba di TNBD Provinsi Jambi. Warsi,
Jambi.
How to Cite
Masyithah, M., Hariyadi, B., & Kartika, W. (1). Kajian Etnozoologi Hewan yang Dikonsumsi pada Komunitas Orang Rimba di Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas Kabupaten Sarolangun. BIOSITE |BIOLOGI Sains Terapan, 2(2). Retrieved from https://online-journal.unja.ac.id/index.php/BST/article/view/3403
Section
Articles