Communale Journal 2023-10-18T17:10:26+07:00 Comunnale Journal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">Communale Journal is a periodic, open-access, peer-reviewed journal focusing on conflict management, natural resources, and the environment by using legal, economic, socio-cultural, political, defense and security perspectives, education, agriculture, forestry, Islamic law, and disaster. This journal is managed and published by the Center for Science and Technology (Pusat Unggulan IPTEKS)-PUI Universitas Jambi. Communale Journal is a medium to post articles or innovative research results for academics, scholars, researchers, students, and practitioners involved in the natural resource utilization field in Indonesia. We are committed to conducting Scientific publications per-3 times a year, namely in March, July, and November. The editorial team invites scholars (academics, scholars, researchers, students, and practitioners) to submit manuscripts to our journal website based on the journal policies, publication ethics, and copyright and writing guidelines that we have set. The editorial team will accept the manuscript and continue until the publication process only manuscripts that are by our policies, both in terms of writing and the substance of the manuscript. If we find any discrepancies in the manuscript in terms of writing style and substance, the editorial team will respectfully reject the manuscript before editing.</p> GENDER INEQUALITY IN WOMEN'S ACCESS TO ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES 2023-06-14T12:17:02+07:00 Linda Ariyani Miza Wardina Leni Herawati Dinda Putri Aggraini Ichrar Syahbani Mukti <p>Gender inequality is an issue that has long been debated in various fields, including women's access to environmental resources. This research was conducted by conducting a literature review of articles, journals, and other relevant publications. The literature review method was used to collect and analyze information from previous researchers on Gender Inequality in Women's Access and Environmental Resources. Based on some of these research references, it can be concluded that gender inequality in women's access to environmental resources is a real issue in various contexts. Measures to improve gender equality in access to environmental resources include strengthening the role of women in decision-making, social change, and inclusive policies and a gender-based approach in environmental program planning and implementation. Collective efforts from the government, civil society, and the private sector are needed to overcome gender inequality and achieve sustainable development that is just and sustainable.</p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Linda Ariyani, Miza Wardina, Leni Herawati, Dinda Putri Aggraini, Ichrar Syahbani Mukti LEGAL SOCIOLOGY OF LAND CONFLICT VS ORANG RIMBA’S LAND CONFLICT IN JAMBI PROVINCE 2023-10-18T10:56:43+07:00 Riri Oktari Ulma Elita Rahmi Fitria Fitria Cholillah Suci Pratiwi <p>The sociology of Orang Rimba Law, which portrays the issue of land conflict versus land conflict, is a crucial legal issue, even though so far, the Orang Rimba (Suku Anak Dalam) has been part of a beneficial symbiosis between Natural Resources and Human Resources (HR), because between the factors of mutual care between humans and nature, but in legal reality, land and land tenure in Indonesia, The existence of the Orang Rimba institution as the original entity of the Malay tribe is a problem, because its living entity has been displaced by the laws of outsiders, namely the state and government, especially since the rolling of the issue of forest utilization through Forest Tenure Rights (HPH) and the use of forest products through legal entities whose ownership is by forest outsiders, plus natural disasters (forest fires) outsiders as people whom people have long feared as eating creatures human. The purpose of the study is to know the law in reality, especially society. Conclusion The Orang Rimba, as an indigenous entity in Jambi Province, must be brought to the attention of the local government. The right to life and other social rights, namely distinctive economic and cultural rights, must be fostered continuously so that their customary rights are protected from land grabs under the guise of plantations and forestry based on state approval of forests and non-forests and ignore the history of the Orang Rimba struggle which always maintains the forest ecosystem and its distinctive land and culture such as ritual rituals between man and nature to dispel nature's various kinds of anger against humans in the form of disasters, wrath, and even climate change, cultural mantras and dialects were developed by them, but have not been seen by Indonesian law as genuine and distinctive legal institutions.</p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Riri Oktari Ulma, Elita Rahmi, Fitria Fitria, Cholillah Suci Pratiwi UTILIZATION OF COASTAL AREAS AND SMALL ISLANDS 2023-06-14T12:07:53+07:00 Ahmad Ansory Melkisedek Hasibuan Yudistira Yudistira Omena Manalu <p>Indonesia, as an archipelagic country with tens of thousands of islands and thousands of peer areas, should be our country can take advantage of the great gift of this condition. Our constitution shows that we must use natural resources for the most excellent welfare of society. However, at this time, it is inversely proportional to what we expect; regulation after regulation, we strive in the Management of these natural conditions, which, until now, the state of our country is just like that. So, the purpose of this writing is to discuss the view of the law as a legal norm in the Implementation of the management of coastal areas and small islands and what opportunities can be utilized by communities around coastal areas and small islands in their economic development and the sustainability of nature itself. The methodology we use is a normative juridical method; we want to discuss from a legal point of view how the rules apply and from some reliable literature that discusses the management and utilization of coastal areas and small islands.</p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Ansory, Melki S Hasibuan, Yudistira, Omena Manalu PROSPECT OF MINERAL AND COAL MINING POLICY 2023-06-13T09:04:31+07:00 Rahni Andeka Pertiwi Berliandy Haposan Manik Azzahra Ayu Praditha Nur Safitri <p><em>Mineral and coal mining policy is a subject that continues to receive attention in the legal and regulatory environment. This journal analyzes prospective mineral and coal mining policies through a normative juridical approach focusing on relevant regulatory aspects and legal implications. This study uses a normative juridical analysis method to evaluate policies that apply in the context of mineral and coal mining. This research gains an in-depth understanding of the existing regulatory structure by reviewing applicable laws and regulations, court decisions, and decisions of regulatory agencies. The results of this study indicate that mineral and coal mining policies have a solid legal basis and regulate various aspects, such as licensing, environment, labor protection, and corporate social obligations. However, there are challenges related to law enforcement, harmonization of regulations, and consistent implementation of policies. In response to these challenges, this study proposes several recommendations to increase the effectiveness of mineral and coal mining policies legally. These recommendations include expanding cooperation between relevant government agencies, improving regulations and procedures, increasing legal capacity, and strengthening oversight and stricter law enforcement. This research is expected to contribute to policymakers, legal practitioners, and related parties in developing more responsive, comprehensive, and effective regulations in maintaining the sustainability of the mineral and coal mining sector by taking into account related legal aspects.</em></p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rahni Andeka Pertiwi, Berliandy Haposan Manik, Azzahra Ayu Praditha, Nur Safitri FOREST PROTECTION EFFORTS AGAINST CONVERTING FOREST FUNCTIONS TO PALM OIL PLANTATIONS 2023-06-11T20:36:49+07:00 Ikbal Susanto Dita Fitriani Hikmah Ayu Astika Mutiara Fatimah <p>The conversion of forest functions to oil palm plantations has often been carried out in Indonesia. Many factors motivate communities, individuals, and companies to do this. One of them is the economic factor. Investment in oil palm plantations is considered a promising investment and generates many profits. However, individuals or companies often need to pay more attention to ecological aspects and the impacts of the forest function's conversion. The consequences resulting from the transformation of forest functions will affect the environment in the short and long term. Forests that have many benefits and uses not only for humans but also for the habitat of animals and plants in them must be protected and preserved. The increasingly widespread conversion of forest functions results from fulfilling human desires and harming other living things, so the government is obliged to make an effort through prevention and mitigation so that the existence of forests and their sustainability are maintained and can continue to bring many benefits to living things.</p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ikbal Susanto, Dita Fitriani, Hikmah Ayu Astika, Mutiara Fatimah LOCAL GOVERNMENT POLICY IN EMPOWERING WOMEN IN HOUSEHOLD WASTE MANAGEMENT 2023-06-15T00:35:43+07:00 Billy A Jufri reyhan raksanjani M.Hilalatul Badri Haddad P Ahdim Daniel S Siboro <p>Waste is the residue of human daily activities and natural processes in solid form. The waste production rate continues to increase, not only in line with population growth but also with the increasing consumption patterns of society. On the other hand, the waste management capacity conducted by both the community and local government still needs to be optimal. This research uses a normative juridical research method with a legal research approach. It employs standards using a literature review. The literature review in this research is based on legislation, books, journals, academic news media, and online sources. This research uses The legal approach to explore possible concepts and techniques. This normative legal research aims to find a general legal model for rationalizing natural resources. The Organic Village activities begin with meetings and planning within community groups at the Dasa Wisma level. In the Dasa-Wisma group meetings, a routine program is developed to conduct weekly organic and inorganic waste inventories. The challenges faced in the field are analyzed, and alternative solutions are considered. The Legok Makmur Organic Village activities start with meetings and planning within community groups at the Dasa Wisma level. The Legok Makmur activities carried out by the community association include daily organic waste counting, plant watering, processing of shredded organic waste every Sunday around noon, and receiving sales proceeds of inorganic waste from residents in exchange for goods. These topics include environmental maintenance, collaboration with club administrators, harvests, member shopping, external group members, vegetable cultivation, and poultry and fish farming. The community has the right and equal opportunity to think and actively participate in disaster management and environmental management.</p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Billy A Jufri, Rayhan Raksanjani, M.Hilalatul Badri,Haddad P Ahdim, Daniel S Siboro LEGAL PROTECTION OF OIL AND GAS MINING TO REALIZE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2023-06-16T23:55:44+07:00 Ribuddi Santoso Muhammad A Athoriq Numara Ardelia Fairuz Ananda M Janur Putri <p>Indonesia, as one of the countries with abundant natural resource potential, such as oil and gas, plays an essential role in the global energy landscape. As a Mining Authority (KP) stakeholder who collaborates with contractors through the oil and gas mining contract system, the government contributes to using oil and gas in various sectors, especially the industrial sector, as part of sustainable development efforts. Sustainable development with an environmental perspective is a conscious and planned effort that incorporates ecological aspects, including natural resources, into the development process to ensure the ability, well-being, and quality of life of current and future generations. The components of sustainable development include social, economic, and environmental aspects. The paradigm of sustainable economic development aims to achieve optimal production, improve the welfare of economic actors, and preserve the environment. In this paper, we will discuss the regulation of laws and technology for the management and utilization of oil and gas. Oil and gas resources in Indonesia require careful management and prioritization of the principles of sustainable development. The role of government through mining contracts and technological advances contributes to the optimization of oil and gas production. By integrating environmental considerations through technology into the development process and encouraging sustainable practices, Indonesia can ensure long-term resource availability, promote economic growth, and safeguard the well-being of current and future generations.</p> 2023-10-18T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ribuddi Santoso, Muhammad A.Athoriq, Numara Ardelia Fairuz, Ananda Maprilia Janur Putri